A Conceptual Lexicon for Classical Confucian Philosophy

Author: Roger T. Ames

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438490823

Category: Religion

Page: 582

View: 385

Over the years, Roger T. Ames and his collaborators have consistently argued for a processual understanding of Chinese natural cosmology made explicit in the Book of Changes. It is this way of thinking, captured in its own interpretive context with the expression "continuities in change" (biantong) that has shaped the grammar of the Chinese language and informs the key philosophical vocabulary of Confucian philosophy. Over the past several centuries of cultural encounter, the formula established by the early missionaries for the translation of classical Chinese texts into Western languages has resulted in a Christian conversion of Confucian texts that is still very much with us today. And more recently, the invention of a new Chinese language to synchronize East Asian cultures with Western modernity has become another obstacle in our reading of the Confucian canons. This volume, a companion volume to A Sourcebook in Classical Confucian Philosophy, employs a comparative hermeneutical method in an attempt to explain the Confucian terms of art and to take the Confucian tradition on its own terms.
Intelligence and Wisdom

Author: Bing Song

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811623097

Category: Philosophy

Page: 166

View: 509

This book centers on rethinking foundational values in the era of frontier technologies by tapping into the wisdom of Chinese philosophical traditions. It tries to answer the following questions: How is the essence underpinning humans, nature, and machines changing in this age of frontier technologies? What is the appropriate ethical framework for regulating human–machine relationships? What human values should be embedded in or learnt by AI? Some interesting points emerged from the discussions. For example, the three dominant schools of Chinese thinking–Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism– invariably reflect non-anthropocentric perspectives and none of them places humanity in a supreme position in the universe. While many Chinese philosophers are not convinced by the prospect of machine intelligence exceeding that of humans, the strong influence of non-anthropocentrism in the Chinese thinking contributed to much less panic in China than in the West about the existential risks of AI. The thinking is that as human beings have always lived with other forms of existence, living with programs or other forms of “beings,” which may become more capable than humans, will not inevitably lead to a dystopia. Second, all three schools emphasize self-restraint, constant introspection, and the pursuit of sage-hood or enlightenment. These views therefore see the potential risks posed by frontier technologies as an opportunity for the humanity to engage in introspection on the lessons learned from our social and political history. It is long overdue that humanity shall rethink its foundational values to take into account a multi-being planetary outlook. This book consists of nine leading Chinese philosophers’ reflections on AI’s impact on human nature and the human society. This is a groundbreaking work, which has pioneered the in-depth intellectual exploration involving traditional Chinese philosophy and frontier technologies and has inspired multidisciplinary and across area studies on AI, philosophy, and ethical implications.
Comparative Philosophy and Method

Author: Steven Burik

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350155039

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 659

Addressing arguments that comparative philosophy is itself impossible, or that it is indistinguishable from philosophy more generally, this collection challenges myopic understandings of comparative method and encourages a more informed consideration. Bringing together a wide variety of methodological options, it features scholars spread across the globe representing multiple philosophical traditions. From the beginnings of comparative philosophy in the 19th century to present-day proposals for more global philosophy departments, every chapter serves as a viable methodological alternative for any would-be philosophical comparativist. With contributions from leading comparativists that are both distinctive in their method and explicit about its application, this valuable resource challenges and enriches the awareness and sensitivity of the beginning comparativist and seasoned veteran alike.
Confucian Role Ethics

Author: Henry Rosemont Jr.

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783847006053

Category: Philosophy

Page: 179

View: 758

The essays collected in this volume establish Confucian role ethics as a term of art in the contemporary ethical discourse. The holistic philosophy presented here is grounded in the primacy of relationality and a narrative understanding of person, and is a challenge to a foundational liberal individualism that has defined persons as discrete, autonomous, rational, free, and often self-interested agents. Confucian role ethics begins from a relationally constituted conception of person, takes family roles and relations as the entry point for developing moral competence, invokes moral imagination and the growth in relations that it can inspire as the substance of human morality, and entails a human-centered, atheistic religiousness that stands in sharp contrast to the Abrahamic religions.
The Routledge History of Chinese Philosophy

Author: Bo Mou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134249381

Category: Philosophy

Page: 636

View: 941

The History of Chinese Philosophy is a comprehensive and authoritative examination of the movements and thinkers that have shaped Chinese philosophy over the last three thousand years. An outstanding team of international contributors provide seventeen accessible entries organised into five clear parts: Identity of Chinese Philosophy Classical Chinese Philosophy (I): Pre-Han Period Classical Chinese Philosophy (II): From Han Through Tang Classical Chinese Philosophy (III): From Song Through Early Qing Modern Chinese Philosophy: From Late Qing Through 21st Century This outstanding collection is essential reading for students of Chinese philosophy, and will be of interest to those seeking to explore the lasting significance this rich and complex philosophical tradition.
Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy

Author: Dr Brian Carr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134960576

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1148

View: 727

The Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy is a unique one-volume reference work which makes a broad range of richly varied philosophical, ethical and theological traditions accessible to a wide audience. The Companion is divided into six sections covering the main traditions within Asian thought: Persian; Indian; Buddhist; Chinese; Japanese; and Islamic philosophy. Each section contains a collection of chapters which provide comprehensive coverage of the origins of the tradition, its approaches to, for example, logic and languages, and to questions of morals and society. The chapters also contain useful histories of the lives of the key influential thinkers, as well as a thorough analysis of the current trends.
Wissensoikonomien

Author: Nikolas Pissis

Publisher:

ISBN: 3447115106

Category:

Page: 350

View: 249

Der von Nora Schmidt, Nikolas Pissis und Gyburg Uhlmann herausgegebene Band widmet sich der Frage, wie Wissen zwischen verschiedenen Akteuren ausgetauscht wird: wie es den Besitzer wechselt, wie es einen Ort verlässt und von einer Zeit in eine andere wandert. Der Austausch von Wissen hat mit ökonomischen, technischen, materialen und wissenschaftlichen Prozessen zu tun, lässt sich aber auf keinen von ihnen reduzieren. 0Die Autorinnen und Autoren des Bandes arbeiten daher mit dem Konzept der Wissensoikonomien: Im Zentrum steht die Vielschichtigkeit der Beziehungsgeflechte und Austauschbeziehungen von Menschen und Materialien, Medien, sozialen Praktiken, Traditionen und Institutionen. Ausgehend von der Beobachtung, dass Transfer von Wissen sich in einer Vielzahl von Modalitäten und Geschwindigkeiten, unter sehr unterschiedlichen Bedingungen und teils über sprachliche, geographische und soziale, religiöse und andere identitätsspezifische Grenzen hinweg ereignet, geht das Konzept der Wissensoikonomien der Frage nach, wann solche Wissensbewegungen selbst systembildenden Charakter erhalten. Damit beschreiben Wissensoikonomien ein Spannungsfeld zwischen Ordnung und Transgression. In sechzehn einzelnen Fachbeiträgen werden komplexe Aushandlungsprozesse von Wissen in unterschiedlichen vormodernen Kulturen vom Alten Ägypten, über die verschiedenen antiken Kulturen des Mittelmeerraums, China und Korea bis in die Frühe Neuzeit aufgezeigt.
The SAGE Handbook of Rhetorical Studies

Author: Andrea A. Lunsford

Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc

ISBN: 9781412909501

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 713

View: 326

The SAGE Handbook of Rhetorical Studies surveys the latest advances in rhetorical scholarship, synthesizing theories and practices across major areas of study in the field and pointing the way for future studies. Edited by Andrea A. Lunsford and Associate Editors Kirt H. Wilson and Rosa A. Eberly, the Handbook aims to introduce a new generation of students to rhetorical study and provide a deeply informed and ready resource for scholars currently working in the field.