A Mathematician's Journeys

Author: Alexander Jones

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319258652

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 312

This book explores facets of Otto Neugebauer's career, his impact on the history and practice of mathematics, and the ways in which his legacy has been preserved or transformed in recent decades, looking ahead to the directions in which the study of the history of science will head in the twenty-first century. Neugebauer, more than any other scholar of recent times, shaped the way we perceive premodern science. Through his scholarship and influence on students and collaborators, he inculcated both an approach to historical research on ancient and medieval mathematics and astronomy through precise mathematical and philological study of texts, and a vision of these sciences as systems of knowledge and method that spread outward from the ancient Near Eastern civilizations, crossing cultural boundaries and circulating over a tremendous geographical expanse of the Old World from the Atlantic to India.
A Mathematician's Journey to the Edge of the Universe

Author: Manjunath.R

Publisher: Manjunath.R


Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 513

View: 838

"Into the Void: A Journey Through the Cosmos" We refer to the totality of all objects that exist in space as the "universe." It contains countless stars, galaxies, black holes, vast gas clouds, and a variety of other amazing objects. A few beliefs about how our Universe was born and how it will perish were irrevocably altered by the unexpected discovery that space is not only expanding, but expanding ever faster. Most people find it too difficult and overwhelming to consider the subject of our universe. We can identify with it. Our mind begins to stumble when the topic is brought up, and we begin to doubt one's intelligence in our search for an understanding of the Universe we live in. We spend time looking at the amazing story of how humankind's understanding of the universe has evolved, from Copernicus and Newton through Einstein, Hubble, and beyond. Detailed with the most interesting facts about the universe − this book will extend your mind for a better understanding of our intriguing cosmos whether you're an astrophysicist collecting nice pics of the night sky, a casual viewer of the constellations, or a dedicated scholar working in the field of physics and astronomy. This book takes readers on a journey through the Laws of the Cosmos to the origins and structure of the cosmos, covering the Big Bang, stellar evolution, and gravitational waves. Beginners looking for an accessible introduction to the contemporary understanding of the Universe should pick up this book. It's an interesting read that serves as a fantastic starting point for further research on any subject that grabs the reader's attention. "A Mathematician's Journey to the Edge of the Universe: What's the Ultimate Question?" is a captivating exploration of the cosmos through the lens of mathematics. From the mysteries of dark matter to the behavior of black holes, "A Mathematician's Journey to the Edge of the Universe" explores the cutting edge of modern cosmology and astrophysics, drawing on the latest research and discoveries to shed light on some of the most profound questions about the universe. Ultimately, this book is not just about mathematics and the universe, but about the human quest for knowledge and understanding. It invites readers to join the author on a journey of discovery and exploration, and to contemplate the ultimate question for themselves.
Mathemagics: A Magical Journey Through Advanced Mathematics - Connecting More Than 60 Magic Tricks To High-level Math

Author: Ricardo V Teixeira

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789811214523

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 314

Teixeira and Park present over 60 different magic tricks while introducing students to high-level math areas. Readers will learn really interesting ideas that will better prepare them for future courses and help them finding areas they might want to study deeper. And as a 'side effect' students will learn amazing magic tricks, century-old secrets, and details from famous magicians and mathematicians.The material was written to quickly present key concepts in several mathematical areas in direct way. Little or no proficiency in math is assumed. In fact, students do not require any Calculus knowledge. And since chapters are almost independent from each other, this book also work as introduction to several other courses.Topics covered include mathematical proofs, probability, abstract algebra, linear algebra, mathematical computing, number theory, coding theory, geometry, topology, real analysis, numerical analysis and history of math.
A Brief Journey in Discrete Mathematics

Author: Randolph Nelson

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030378615

Category: Mathematics

Page: 185

View: 727

The goal of this book is to showcase the beauty of mathematics as revealed in nine topics of discrete mathematics. In each chapter, properties are explored through a series of straightforward questions that terminate with results that lie at the doorstep of a field of study. Each step along the way is elementary and requires only algebraic manipulation. This frames the wonder of mathematics and highlights the complex world that lies behind a series of simple, mathematical, deductions. Topics addressed include combinatorics, unifying properties of symmetric functions, the Golden ratio as it leads to k-bonacci numbers, non-intuitive and surprising results found in a simple coin tossing game, the playful, trick question aspect of modular systems, exploration of basic properties of prime numbers and derivations of bewildering results that arise from approximating irrational numbers as continued fraction expansions. The Appendix contains the basic tools of mathematics that are used in the text along with a numerous list of identities that are derived in the body of the book. The mathematics in the book is derived from first principles. On only one occasion does it rely on a result not derived within the text. Since the book does not require calculus or advanced techniques, it should be accessible to advanced high school students and undergraduates in math or computer science. Senior mathematicians might be unfamiliar with some of the topics addressed in its pages or find interest in the book's unified approach to discrete math.
Journey into Mathematics

Author: Joseph J. Rotman

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486151687

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 775

This treatment covers the mechanics of writing proofs, the area and circumference of circles, and complex numbers and their application to real numbers. 1998 edition.
Perspectives on the History of Ancient Near Eastern Studies

Author: Agnès Garcia-Ventura

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9781646020898

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 801

The present volume collects eighteen essays exploring the history of ancient Near Eastern studies. Combining diverse approaches—synthetic and analytic, diachronic and transnational—this collection offers critical reflections on the who, why, and how of this cluster of fields. How have political contexts determined the conduct of research? How do academic agendas reflect larger social, economic, and cultural interests? How have schools of thought and intellectual traditions configured, and sometimes predetermined, the study of the ancient Near East? Contributions treating research during the Nazi and fascist periods examine the interpenetration of academic work with politics, while contributions dealing with specific national contexts disclose fresh perspectives on individual scholars as well as the conditions and institutions in which they worked. Particular attention is given to scholarship in countries such as Turkey, Portugal, Iran, China, and Spain, which have hitherto been marginal to historiographic accounts of ancient Near Eastern studies.
I, Mathematician

Author: Peter Casazza

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 9780883855850

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 776

Mathematicians have pondered the psychology of the members of our tribe probably since mathematics was invented, but for certain since Hadamard’s The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. The editors asked two dozen prominent mathematicians (and one spouse thereof) to ruminate on what makes us different. The answers they got are thoughtful, interesting and thought-provoking. Not all respondents addressed the question directly. Michael Atiyah reflects on the tension between truth and beauty in mathematics. T.W. Körner, Alan Schoenfeld and Hyman Bass chose to write, reflectively and thoughtfully, about teaching and learning. Others, including Ian Stewart and Jane Hawkins, write about the sociology of our community. Many of the contributions range into philosophy of mathematics and the nature of our thought processes. Any mathematician will find much of interest here.
A Journey Into Partial Differential Equations

Author: William O. Bray

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763772567

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 360

Part of the International Series in Mathematics Ideal for the 1-term course, A Journey into Partial Differential Equations provides a solid introduction to PDEs for the undergraduate math, engineering, or physics student. Discussing underlying physics, concepts and methodologies, the text focuses on the classical trinity of equations: the wave equation, heat/diffusion equation, and Laplace's equation. Bray provides careful treatment of the separation of variables and the Fourier method, motivated by the geometrical notion of symmetries and places emphasis on both the qualitative and quantitative methods, as well as geometrical perspectives. With hundred of exercises and a wealth of figures, A Journey into Partial Differential Equations proves to be the model book for the PDE course.
Journey through Genius

Author: William Dunham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471500308

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 326

View: 253

Praise for William Dunham s Journey Through Genius The GreatTheorems of Mathematics "Dunham deftly guides the reader throughthe verbal and logical intricacies of major mathematical questionsand proofs, conveying a splendid sense of how the greatestmathematicians from ancient to modern times presented theirarguments." Ivars Peterson Author, The Mathematical TouristMathematics and Physics Editor, Science News "It is mathematics presented as a series of works of art; afascinating lingering over individual examples of ingenuity andinsight. It is mathematics by lightning flash." Isaac Asimov "It is a captivating collection of essays of major mathematicalachievements brought to life by the personal and historicalanecdotes which the author has skillfully woven into the text. Thisis a book which should find its place on the bookshelf of anyoneinterested in science and the scientists who create it." R. L.Graham, AT&T Bell Laboratories "Come on a time-machine tour through 2,300 years in which Dunhamdrops in on some of the greatest mathematicians in history. Almostas if we chat over tea and crumpets, we get to know them and theirideas ideas that ring with eternity and that offer glimpses intothe often veiled beauty of mathematics and logic. And all the whilewe marvel, hoping that the tour will not stop." Jearl Walker,Physics Department, Cleveland State University Author of The FlyingCircus of Physics
Journey to the Edge of Reason

Author: Stephen Budiansky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192636133

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 384

View: 963

A remarkable account of Kurt Gödel, weaving together creative genius, mental illness, political corruption, and idealism in the face of the turmoil of war and upheaval. At age 24, a brilliant Austrian-born mathematician published a mathematical result that shook the world. Nearly a hundred years after Kurt Gödel's famous 1931 paper "On Formally Undecidable Propositions" appeared, his proof that every mathematical system must contain propositions that are true - yet never provable within that system - continues to pose profound questions for mathematics, philosophy, computer science, and artificial intelligence. His close friend Albert Einstein, with whom he would walk home every day from Princeton's famous Institute for Advanced Study, called him "the greatest logician since Aristotle." He was also a man who felt profoundly out of place in his time, rejecting the entire current of 20th century philosophical thought in his belief that mathematical truths existed independent of the human mind, and beset by personal demons of anxiety and paranoid delusions that would ultimately lead to his tragic end from self-starvation. Drawing on previously unpublished letters, diaries, and medical records, Journey to the Edge of Reason offers the most complete portrait yet of the life of one of the 20th century's greatest thinkers. Stephen Budiansky's account brings to life the remarkable world of philosophical and mathematical creativity of pre-war Vienna, and documents how it was barbarically extinguished by the Nazis. He charts Gödel's own hair's-breadth escape from Nazi Germany to the scholarly idyll of Princeton; and the complex, gently humorous, sensitive, and tormented inner life of this iconic but previously enigmatic giant of modern science. Weaving together Gödel's public and private lives, this is a tale of creative genius, mental illness, political corruption, and idealism in the face of the turmoil of war and upheaval.
Random Curves

Author: Neal Koblitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540740780

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 533

Neal Koblitz is a co-inventor of one of the two most popular forms of encryption and digital signature, and his autobiographical memoirs are collected in this volume. Besides his own personal career in mathematics and cryptography, Koblitz details his travels to the Soviet Union, Latin America, Vietnam and elsewhere; political activism; and academic controversies relating to math education, the C. P. Snow "two-culture" problem, and mistreatment of women in academia. These engaging stories fully capture the experiences of a student and later a scientist caught up in the tumultuous events of his generation.