American Academic Cultures

Author: Paul H. Mattingly

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226505435

Category: Education

Page: 464

View: 466

At a time when American higher education seems ever more to be reflecting on its purpose and potential, we are more inclined than ever to look to its history for context and inspiration. But that history only helps, Paul H. Mattingly argues, if it’s seen as something more than a linear progress through time. With American Academic Cultures, he offers a different type of history of American higher learning, showing how its current state is the product of different, varied generational cultures, each grounded in its own moment in time and driven by historically distinct values that generated specific problems and responses. Mattingly sketches out seven broad generational cultures: evangelical, Jeffersonian, republican/nondenominational, industrially driven, progressively pragmatic, internationally minded, and the current corporate model. What we see through his close analysis of each of these cultures in their historical moments is that the politics of higher education, both inside and outside institutions, are ultimately driven by the dominant culture of the time. By looking at the history of higher education in this new way, Mattingly opens our eyes to our own moment, and the part its culture plays in generating its politics and promise.
Academic Culture: An Analytical Framework for Understanding Academic Work

Author: Kazumi Okamoto

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9783838269375

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 473

That we live in a world ruled and confused by cultural diversity has become common sense. The social sciences gave birth to a new theoretical paradigm, the creation of cultural theories. Since then, social science theorizing applies to any social phenomenon across the world exploring cultural diversities in any social practice—except the social sciences and how they create knowledge, which is is off limits. Social science theorizing seemingly assumes that creating knowledge does not know such diversities. In this book, Kazumi Okamoto develops analytical tools to study academic culture, analyze how social sciences create and distribute knowledge, and the influence the academic environment has on knowledge production. She uses the academy in Japan as a case study of how social scientists interpret academic practices and how they are affected by their academic environment. Studying Japanese academic culture, she reveals that academic practices and the academic environment in Japan show much less diversity than cultural theories tend to presuppose.
Voices, Identities, Negotiations, and Conflicts: Writing Academic English Across Cultures

Author: Le-Ha Phan

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9780857247209

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 246

View: 130

Provides insights into the process of knowledge construction in EFL/ESL writing - from classrooms to research sites, from the dilemmas and risks NNEST student writers experience in the pursuit of true agency to the confusions and conflicts academics experience in their own writing practices.
Academic Culture

Author: Jean Brick

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781352010343

Category: Study Aids

Page: 346

View: 144

Academic Culture introduces students to the demands of university study in a clear and accessible way, and helps them understand what is expected of them. Chapters equip students with the skills to recognise opinions, positions and bias in academic texts from a range of genres, think critically, develop their own 'voice', and refer to others' ideas in an appropriate way. Having established a foundation for successful university study, the final part provides guidance on approaching different forms of academic writing, including essays, reports, reflective assignments and exam papers. Featuring helpful 'word lists', examples, 'think about this' reflective prompts and 'skills practice' activities in each chapter, this bestselling book is an essential resource for all students new to university-level study. New to this Edition: - Contains three new chapters on reflective writing, writing lab reports, and writing in exams - Features additional material on paraphrasing and summarizing - Includes a new section on creating and maintaining an e-portfolio - New 'think about this' feature
Culture and Styles of Academic Discourse

Author: Anna Duszak

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110821048

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 369

View: 625

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
Cross-linguistic and Cross-cultural Perspectives on Academic Discourse

Author: Eija Suomela-Salmi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027254375

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 313

View: 194

The goal of this volume is to examine academic discourse (AD) from cross-linguistic and cross-cultural perspectives. The adjective "Cross-cultural" in the volume title is not just limited to national contexts but also includes a cross-disciplinary perspective. Twelve scientific fields are under scrutiny in the articles. One of the unique aspects of the volume is the inclusion of a variety of foreign languages (English (as a lingua franca), Spanish, French, Swedish, Russian, German, Italian, and Norwegian). Besides, in several articles dealing with oral AD, comparisons and parallels are also established with written AD. The research methodologies used in the studies are varied and they offer an overview of the diversity and richness of approaches to AD. All in all, it is hoped that the volume appeals not only to young researchers but also to confirmed scholars interested in cross-linguistic and cross-cultural aspects of AD. It will also be of interest to language teachers or teachers who are involved with e.g. international students and academic mobility.
Academic Motivation and the Culture of Schooling

Author: Cynthia Hudley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190208097

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 198

Decades of research indicate the important connections among academic motivation and achievement, social relationships, and school culture. However, much of this research has been conducted in homogenous American schools serving middle class, average achieving, Anglo-student populations. This edited volume will argue that school culture is a reflection of the society in which the school is embedded and comprises various aspects, including individualism, competition, cultural stereotypes, and extrinsically guided values and rewards. They address three specific conceptual questions: How do differences in academic motivation for diverse groups of students change over time? How do students' social cognitions influence their motivational processes and outcomes in school? And what has been done to enhance academic motivation? To answer this last question, the contributors describe empirically validated intervention programs for improving academic motivation in students from elementary school through college.
Higher Education Governance Between Democratic Culture, Academic Aspirations and Market Forces

Author: Jürgen Kohler

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287159571

Category: Education

Page: 221

View: 349

This publication is the result of a conference on higher education governance, held in Strasbourg in September 2005, and also the outcome of a project launched by the Council of Europe's Steering Committee for Higher Education and Research. It considers current challenges relating to governance issues the higher education sector in Europe, in the context of the Bologna Process which seeks to establish a European Higher Education Area, including governance in its wider societal context of change; a literature review; case studies from Georgia, Estonia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Turkey; suggestions for further development and the conference report.
American Academic Culture in Transformation

Author: Thomas Bender

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691227832

Category: Education

Page: 370

View: 189

In the half century since World War II, American academic culture has changed profoundly. Until now, those changes have not been charted, nor have their implications for current discussions of the academy been appraised. In this book, however, eminent academic figures who have helped to produce many of the changes of the last fifty years explore how four disciplines in the social sciences and humanities--political science, economics, philosophy, and literary studies--have been transformed. Edited by the distinguished historians Thomas Bender and Carl Schorske, the book places academic developments in their intellectual and socio-political contexts. Scholarly innovators of different generations offer insiders' views of the course of change in their own fields, revealing the internal dynamics of disciplinary change. Historians examine the external context for these changes--including the Cold War, Vietnam, feminism, civil rights, and multiculturalism. They also compare the very different paths the disciplines have followed within the academy and the consequent alterations in their relations to the larger public. Initiated by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the study was first published in Daedalus in its 1997 winter issue. The contributors are M. H. Abrams, William Barber, Thomas Bender, Catherine Gallagher, Charles Lindblom, Robert Solow, David Kreps, Hilary Putnam, José David Saldívar, Alexander Nehamas, Rogers Smith, Carl Schorske, Ira Katznelson, and David Hollinger.
Transcending Tradition: Jewish Mathematicians in German Speaking Academic Culture

Author: Birgit Bergmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642224645

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 510

A companion publication to the international exhibition "Transcending Tradition: Jewish Mathematicians in German-Speaking Academic Culture", the catalogue explores the working lives and activities of Jewish mathematicians in German-speaking countries during the period between the legal and political emancipation of the Jews in the 19th century and their persecution in Nazi Germany. It highlights the important role Jewish mathematicians played in all areas of mathematical culture during the Wilhelmine Empire and the Weimar Republic, and recalls their emigration, flight or death after 1933.
God, Philosophy, and Academic Culture

Author: William J. Wainwright

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X004106175

Category: Philosophy

Page: 108

View: 209

A striking feature of the current philosophical scene is the division between those philosophers of religion primarily associated with the American Philosophical Association and those primarily associated with the American Academy of Religion. This difference is loosely correlated with twoothers: the comparative dominance of analytic philosophy in the APA and of hermeneutical philosophy in the AAR, and the greater visibility of traditional theists in the APA. In this book eight prominent philosophers of religion from these organizations explore the historical, cultural, andphilosophical roots of these differences, their connections, and the prospects for rapprochement.