Dictionary of African American Slang

Author: Randall Miller, Jr.

Publisher: Working Title Pub

ISBN: 1593449089

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 173

View: 817

This book is the result of the study of African American slang used in many major cities around the USA and in Hip Hop music, illustrating differences in African American slang and what various terms mean to African Americans in natural conversation. The author was born and raised in Boston, MA. He joined the US Army and was stationed at Fort Polk, LA from 1989-1992. Following that, he went to Georgia State University and earned a Bachelors Degree in Business Management. He was accepted into the JET (Japan and Exchange Teaching) Program in August 1998. From then to the present, he has taught English to students of all ages in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.
From Grill to Dome

Author: Jeremy Sideris

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 1419617796

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 922

A bridge to African American dialect, culture and nuance, this dictionary of over 1,000 words and phrases is a fully cross-referenced, authoritative guide to current African American slang. Sample Definitions Funky: Odiferous; attractive; suggestive of metaphorical aura surrounding guiding nuances of greater African American culture, individual embodiment or expression of the African American population's sense of cultural self, or ethnic identity based on shared experience, struggle, or upbringing; indicative of a genre of music popular in the late twentieth century influenced by blues, gospel, jazz, psychedelia, reggae, rock, rhythm and blues, and soul and characterized by strong, frequently changing and often idiosyncratic rhythms. See also: bananas, dragon, fly, foine, fresh, funk, funky-ass, funky-ass shit, funky-fresh, funky shit, off da chain and rank. Ghetto pass: The earned ability for one to conduct him or herself in a neighborhood unscathed, based especially on the acceptance of the common person and the shared result of the individual's appearance, behaviors and mannerisms, discourse, knowledge of cultural mores, social hierarchies and systems as well as explicit demonstrations of physical prowess and strength. See also: down, ghetto, soldier, street, street cred and street knowledge.
Damn the Man!

Author: Tom Dalzell

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486475912

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 210

View: 156

A fascinating exploration of the role of language in the culture of resistance, this volume features hundreds of colorful expressions, with examples of defiant slang from books, movies, periodicals, and other media. Sources include communities of African Americans, immigrant minorities, poor whites, gay men, the armed forces, prisoners, the workplace, and countercultures. Hardcover edition.
African American Vernacular English - Origins and Features

Author: Haider Madhloum

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640856053


Page: 29

View: 632

Pre-University Paper from the year 2011 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, Antwerp Local School, course: Last year of High School, language: English, abstract: 1. Introduction African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is the variety formerly known as Black English Vernacular or Vernacular Black English among sociolinguists. It is also called Ebonics outside the academic community. While some features of AAVE are apparently unique to this variety, in its structure it also shows many similarities with other varieties including a number of standard and nonstandard English varieties spoken in the US. AAVE has been the subject of several public debates. The analysis of this variety has caused a lot of discussion among sociolinguists and also among the American people. AAVE is a language that I hear every day through the music I hear and the Internet I use. This was the main reason that I chose to learn more about AAVE. Many people think AAVE is the same as Standard American English but this is not true. In this paper I will investigate whether AAVE is a dialect or a slang. And also the origins of AAVE and the features of AAVE (Phonological-, grammatical and lexical features) and the social and educational context of AAVE will be explained more in this paper. Through many research in the library of the university of Antwerp and the library of the university of Leuven but also through many research on the internet I was able to collect and investigate this subject. With the great help of my teacher I was able to make this paper
African American English

Author: Lisa J. Green

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521891388

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 302

View: 236

This authoritative introduction to African American English (AAE) is the first textbook to look at the grammar as a whole. Clearly organised, it describes patterns in the sentence structure, sound system, word formation and word use in AAE. The textbook examines topics such as education, speech events in the secular and religious world, and the use of language in literature and the media to create black images. It includes exercises to accompany each chapter and will be essential reading for students in linguistics, education, anthropology, African American studies and literature.
Juba to Jive

Author: Clarence Major

Publisher: Puffin Books

ISBN: UOM:39076001622799

Category: Reference

Page: 548

View: 796

Contains a comprehensive collection of African-American slang throughout history, including date of arrival into the language, definitions, and cross references
The African Heritage of American English

Author: Joseph E. Holloway


ISBN: UVA:X004302429

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 244

View: 694

The African Heritage of American English provides a detailed compilation of Africanisms, identified linguistically, from a range of sources: folklore, place names, food culture, aesthetics, religion, loan words. Presenting a comprehensive accounting of African words retained from Bantu, Joseph Holloway and Winifred Vass examine the Bantu vocabulary content of the Gullah dialect of the Sea Islands; Black names in the United States; Africanisms of Bantu origin in Black English; Bantu place names in nine southern states; and Africanisms in contemporary American English. These linguistic retentions reflect the cultural patterns of groups imported to the United States, the subsequent dispersion of these groups, and their continuing influence on the shaping of American culture.
Slang and Sociability

Author: Connie Eble

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469610573

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 527

Slang is often seen as a lesser form of language, one that is simply not as meaningful or important as its 'regular' counterpart. Connie Eble refutes this notion as she reveals the sources, poetry, symbolism, and subtlety of informal slang expressions. In Slang and Sociability, Eble explores the words and phrases that American college students use casually among themselves. Based on more than 10,000 examples submitted by Eble's students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill over the last twenty years, the book shows that slang is dynamic vocabulary that cannot be dismissed as deviant or marginal. Like more formal words and phrases, slang is created, modified, and transmitted by its users to serve their own purposes. In the case of college students, these purposes include cementing group identity and opposing authority. The book includes a glossary of the more than 1,000 slang words and phrases discussed in the text, as well as a list of the 40 most enduring terms since 1972. Examples from the glossary: group gropes -- encounter groups squirrel kisser -- environmentalist Goth -- student who dresses in black and listens to avant-garde music bad bongos -- situation in which things do not go well triangle -- person who is stupid or not up on the latest za -- pizza smoke -- to perform well dead soldier -- empty beer container toast -- in big trouble, the victim of misfortune parental units -- parents
The Uniqueness of African American Vernacular English

Author: Lea Lorena Jerns

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656670742

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 17

View: 160

Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, Humboldt-University of Berlin, language: English, abstract: "The language, only the language...it is the thing that black people love so much – the saying of words, holding them on the tongue, experimenting with them, playing with them. It’s a love, a passion. Its function is like a preacher’s: to make you stand up out of your seat, make you lose yourself and ear yourself. The worst of all possible things that could happen is to lose that language. There are certain things I cannot say with-out recourse to my language." With these words Toni Morrison, an American professor and novelist, probably expressed exactly what many African American people felt and still feel. In her statement she refers to the so-called “African American Vernacular English”, abbreviated AAVE, which is “a variant of English spoken mostly by black people in the United States.” (Jokinen 2008: 1) It is also known as “African American English”, “Black English Vernacular”, “Black Vernacular Eng-lish”, “Black Vernacular”, “Black English” or “Ebonics”. It is important to point out that not all African Americans inevitably speak this ethnolect and that there are also people with a non-African American background who nonetheless may speak it. (cf. Patrick 2007: 1) Fur-thermore, it is hard to define who actually speaks AAVE as some speakers may only use some features, e.g. vocabulary or grammatical aspects, of this variant. (cf. Jokinen 2008: 1) AAVE is a variant of English that you can see and hear every day – it is present in the Internet and in many songs and that makes it so interesting to find out more about it and to get a better understanding of AAVE. In this paper, I will focus on different aspects. I will start dealing with the question “Where does AAVE come from?” under point two and will continue with a brief overview of some basic grammatical features of AAVE in point three. Under point four, I will present and discuss a concrete example of a text, in which AAVE plays an important role, namely in the short story The Gilded Six-Bits of Zora Neale Hurston, written in 1933. Afterwards, under point five, I am going to talk about AAVE in Rap and HipHop songs as there can be found a considerable number of this kind of music all around the world and, under point 6, I will deal with the controversial question whether AAVE should be taught in schools or not. Finally, in the conclusion of my paper, I would like to let the uniqueness of AAVE and the importance of recognizing...
African American English


Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783638631471

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 15

View: 216

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject American Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1, University of Hannover, 5 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Since there are different terms for the English of African Americans and in order to not confuse the reader chapter 2 lists and defines the most common terms used by linguists concerned with this topic. In chapter 3 the Oakland School Board proposal is mentioned and its contents are summarised. Before investigating the features of the African American dialect of English, I am going to take a look at its history as well as different theories of how it actually arose. Chapter 5 is concerned with various phonological, grammatical, semantic, and pragmatic features which are characteristic for the English of African Americans and make it an interesting and unique dialect.
African American Vernacular English as a Literary Dialect

Author: Sophia Huber

Publisher: Herbert Utz Verlag

ISBN: 9783831646692

Category: American fiction

Page: 394

View: 852

Knowledge about one’s linguistic background, especially when it is different from mainstream varieties, provides a basis for identity and self. Ancestral values can be upheld, celebrated, and rooted further in the consciousness of its speakers. In the case of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) the matter is not straightforward and, ultimately, the social implications its speakers still face today are unresolved. Through detailed analysis of the four building blocks phonology, morphology, syntax, and vocabulary, Sophia Huber tries to trace the development of AAVE as a literary dialect. By unearthing in what ways AAVE in its written form is different from the spoken variety, long established social stigmata and stereotypes which have been burned into the consciousness of the USA through a (initially) white dominated literary tradition will be exposed. Analysing fourteen novels and one short story featuring AAVE, it is the first linguistic study of this scope.