Aligning Perceptual and Conceptual Information for Cognitive Contextual System Development: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Author: Kuvich, Gary

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522524328

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 573

The rise of technology has led to rapid developments in robotic intelligence and its various applications. The success or failure of these systems is linked closely with effective perception and cognition models. Aligning Perceptual and Conceptual Information for Cognitive Contextual System Development: Emerging Research and Opportunities is an innovative source of academic content on approaches to cognitive and perceptual systems development in artificial intelligence. Including a range of relevant topics such as object processing, implicit symbols, and knowledge representation, this book is ideally designed for engineers, academics, practitioners, and students interested in perceptual and conceptual interpretation in artificial intelligence.
Handbook of Research on Pattern Engineering System Development for Big Data Analytics

Author: Tiwari, Vivek

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522538714

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 789

Due to the growing use of web applications and communication devices, the use of data has increased throughout various industries. It is necessary to develop new techniques for managing data in order to ensure adequate usage. The Handbook of Research on Pattern Engineering System Development for Big Data Analytics is a critical scholarly resource that examines the incorporation of pattern management in business technologies as well as decision making and prediction process through the use of data management and analysis. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as business intelligence, feature extraction, and data collection, this publication is geared towards professionals, academicians, practitioners, and researchers seeking current research on the development of pattern management systems for business applications.
Advances in System Dynamics and Control

Author: Azar, Ahmad Taher

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522540786

Category: Computers

Page: 680

View: 757

Complex systems are pervasive in many areas of science. With the increasing requirement for high levels of system performance, complex systems has become an important area of research due to its role in many industries. Advances in System Dynamics and Control provides emerging research on the applications in the field of control and analysis for complex systems, with a special emphasis on how to solve various control design and observer design problems, nonlinear systems, interconnected systems, and singular systems. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as adaptive control, artificial neural network, and synchronization, this book is an important resource for engineers, professionals, and researchers interested in applying new computational and mathematical tools for solving the complicated problems of mathematical modeling, simulation, and control.
Optimizing Contemporary Application and Processes in Open Source Software

Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522553151

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 620

As is true of most technological fields, the software industry is constantly advancing and becoming more accessible to a wider range of people. The advancement and accessibility of these systems creates a need for understanding and research into their development. Optimizing Contemporary Application and Processes in Open Source Software is a critical scholarly resource that examines the prevalence of open source software systems as well as the advancement and development of these systems. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics such as machine learning, empirical software engineering and management, and open source, this book is geared toward academicians, practitioners, and researchers seeking current and relevant research on the advancement and prevalence of open source software systems.
Evolution Challenges

Author: Karl S. Rosengren

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199909186

Category: Psychology

Page: 504

View: 560

A recent poll revealed that one in four Americans believe in both creationism and evolution, while another 41% believe that creationism is true and evolution is false. A minority (only 13%) believe only in evolution. Given the widespread resistance to the idea that humans and other animals have evolved and given the attention to the ongoing debate of what should be taught in public schools, issues related to the teaching and learning of evolution are quite timely. Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution goes beyond the science versus religion dispute to ask why evolution is so often rejected as a legitimate scientific fact, focusing on a wide range of cognitive, socio-cultural, and motivational factors that make concepts such as evolution difficult to grasp. The volume brings together researchers with diverse backgrounds in cognitive development and education to examine children's and adults' thinking, learning, and motivation, and how aspects of representational and symbolic knowledge influence learning about evolution. The book is organized around three main challenges inherent in teaching and learning evolutionary concepts: folk theories and conceptual biases, motivational and epistemological biases, and educational aspects in both formal and informal settings. Commentaries across the three main themes tie the book together thematically, and contributors provide ideas for future research and methods for improving the manner in which evolutionary concepts are conveyed in the classroom and in informal learning experiences. Evolution Challenges is a unique text that extends far beyond the traditional evolution debate and is an invaluable resource to researchers in cognitive development, science education and the philosophy of science, science teachers, and exhibit and curriculum developers.
Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes


Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118136782

Category: Psychology

Page: 1120

View: 693

The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.
Media Models to Foster Collective Human Coherence in the PSYCHecology

Author: Schafer, Stephen Brock

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522590675

Category: Science

Page: 307

View: 465

Modern populations are superficially aware of media potentials and paraphernalia, but recent events have emphasized the general ignorance of the sentient media. Advertising has long been suspected of cognitive manipulation, but emergent issues of political hacking, false news, disinformation campaigns, lies, neuromarketing, misuse of social media, pervasive surveillance, and cyber warfare are presently challenging the world as we know it. Media Models to Foster Collective Human Coherence in the PSYCHecology is an assemblage of pioneering research on the methods and applications of video games designed as a new genre of dream analogs. Highlighting topics including virtual reality, personality profiling, and dream structure, this book is ideally designed for professionals, researchers, academicians, psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, media specialists, game designers, and students hoping for the creation of sustainable social patterns in the emergent reality of energy and information.
How Humans Recognize Objects: Segmentation, Categorization and Individual Identification

Author: Chris Fields

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889199402

Category: Psychology

Page: 267

View: 558

Human beings experience a world of objects: bounded entities that occupy space and persist through time. Our actions are directed toward objects, and our language describes objects. We categorize objects into kinds that have different typical properties and behaviors. We regard some kinds of objects – each other, for example – as animate agents capable of independent experience and action, while we regard other kinds of objects as inert. We re-identify objects, immediately and without conscious deliberation, after days or even years of non-observation, and often following changes in the features, locations, or contexts of the objects being re-identified. Comparative, developmental and adult observations using a variety of approaches and methods have yielded a detailed understanding of object detection and recognition by the visual system and an advancing understanding of haptic and auditory information processing. Many fundamental questions, however, remain unanswered. What, for example, physically constitutes an “object”? How do specific, classically-characterizable object boundaries emerge from the physical dynamics described by quantum theory, and can this emergence process be described independently of any assumptions regarding the perceptual capabilities of observers? How are visual motion and feature information combined to create object information? How are the object trajectories that indicate persistence to human observers implemented, and how are these trajectory representations bound to feature representations? How, for example, are point-light walkers recognized as single objects? How are conflicts between trajectory-driven and feature-driven identifications of objects resolved, for example in multiple-object tracking situations? Are there separate “what” and “where” processing streams for haptic and auditory perception? Are there haptic and/or auditory equivalents of the visual object file? Are there equivalents of the visual object token? How are object-identification conflicts between different perceptual systems resolved? Is the common assumption that “persistent object” is a fundamental innate category justified? How does the ability to identify and categorize objects relate to the ability to name and describe them using language? How are features that an individual object had in the past but does not have currently represented? How are categorical constraints on how objects move or act represented, and how do such constraints influence categorization and the re-identification of individuals? How do human beings re-identify objects, including each other, as persistent individuals across changes in location, context and features, even after gaps in observation lasting months or years? How do human capabilities for object categorization and re-identification over time relate to those of other species, and how do human infants develop these capabilities? What can modeling approaches such as cognitive robotics tell us about the answers to these questions? Primary research reports, reviews, and hypothesis and theory papers addressing questions relevant to the understanding of perceptual object segmentation, categorization and individual identification at any scale and from any experimental or modeling perspective are solicited for this Research Topic. Papers that review particular sets of issues from multiple disciplinary perspectives or that advance integrative hypotheses or models that take data from multiple experimental approaches into account are especially encouraged.
Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309101585

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 212

View: 324

The U.S. air transportation system is very important for our economic well-being and national security. The nation is also the global leader in civil and military aeronautics, a position that needs to be maintained to help assure a strong future for the domestic and international air transportation system. Strong action is needed, however, to ensure that leadership role continues. To that end, the Congress and NASA requested the NRC to undertake a decadal survey of civil aeronautics research and technology (R&T) priorities that would help NASA fulfill its responsibility to preserve U.S. leadership in aeronautics technology. This report presents a set of strategic objectives for the next decade of R&T. It provides a set of high-priority R&T challengesâ€"-characterized by five common themesâ€"-for both NASA and non-NASA researchers, and an analysis of key barriers that must be overcome to reach the strategic objectives. The report also notes the importance of synergies between civil aeronautics R&T objectives and those of national security.
Attention and Vision in Language Processing

Author: Ramesh Kumar Mishra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9788132224433

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 213

View: 721

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the nature of attentional and visual processes involved in language comprehension. Key concerns include how linguistic and non-linguistic processes jointly determine language comprehension and production and how the linguistic system interfaces with perceptual systems and attention. Language scientists have traditionally considered language in isolation from other cognitive and perceptual systems such as attention, vision and memory. In recent years, however, it has become increasingly clear that language comprehension must be studied within interaction contexts. The study of multimodal interactions and attentional processes during language processing has thus become an important theoretical focus that guides many research programs in psycholinguistics and related fields.