Assisted Reproduction in the Nordic Countries



ISBN: 9289335955


Page: 97

View: 226

Abstract: After five decades of intermittent attempts, the Nordic countries still have very different policies in the field of assisted reproduction. In the absence of a comprehensive policy design Finland has, by default, the most permissive regimen of ART practices in the Nordic region. Compared to the other Nordic countries, Norway has the strictest ART regulation in place. The ART policy design in Iceland and Denmark places those two countries in the intermediate category. While the policy design in the other Nordic countries has remained relatively constant, Sweden has through several re-designs moved from a rather restrictive policy design to a permissive one. What is the nature of these differences and how did they come about? This report examines the appropriation of assisted reproductive technologies in the Nordic countries at the level of policy-making. It traces the policy designing process in each country from governmental committees or working parties to parliamentary proceedings. It describes formative events and debates. In the end, the report identifies some of the factors that account for the divergence of ART policies among the Nordic countries. There are no simple explanations for the divergence in ART policies across the Nordic countries. By examining the policy design processes, this study has been able to identify a number of factors that have impacted the ART policy content in each Nordic country and thus underlie the diversity of policy designs. These factors have to do with the timing of decision-making, actor beliefs, the arena of policy-making, and a variety of issues connected to the broader context
Legislation on Biotechnology in the Nordic Countries

Author: Nordisk Ministerråd

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9789289312738

Category: Law

Page: 34

View: 285

The legislation on biotechnology varies markedly from one Nordic country to another. The aim of this report by the Nordic Committee on Bioethics is to give the reader information of the current status in the different countries and at the same time a chance to compare the legal situations. Nine important areas of biotechnology have been chosen for this overview. Facts concerning each of the Nordic countries are represented in a matrix with some key issues from the legislation. Comparative tables on: assisted reproduction preimplantation genetic diagnosis abortion prenatal diagnosis embryo research, stem cell research and cloning clinical research on humans biobanks genetic testing and gene therapy animal experimentation.
Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences

Author: Michaela Kreyenfeld

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319446677

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 619

This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.
Assisted Reproduction Across Borders

Author: Merete Lie

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317200680

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 936

Today, it often seems as though Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) have reached a stage of normalization, at least in some countries and among certain social groups. Apparently some practices – for example in vitro fertilization (IVF) – have become standard worldwide. The contributors to Assisted Reproduction Across Borders argue against normalization as an uncontested overall trend. This volume reflects on the state of the art of ARTs. From feminist perspectives, the contributors focus on contemporary political debates triggered by ARTs. They examine the varying ways in which ARTs are interpreted and practised in different contexts, depending on religious, moral and political approaches. Assisted Reproduction Across Borders embeds feminist analysis of ARTs across a wide variety of countries and cultural contexts, discussing controversial practices such as surrogacy from the perspective of the global South as well as the global North as well as inequalities in terms of access to IVF. This volume will appeal to scholars and students of anthropology, ethnography, philosophy, political science, history, sociology, film studies, media studies, literature, art history, area studies, and interdisciplinary areas such as gender studies, cultural studies, and postcolonial studies.
A Textbook of In Vitro Fertilization and Assisted Reproduction

Author: Peter R. Brinsden

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1842142933

Category: Medical

Page: 718

View: 393

This major book - known as 'The Bourn Hall Textbook' - evolved from teaching courses held at this prestigious Clinic - one of the birthplaces of IVF and clinical reproductive medicine. The content is comprehensive: covering assessment of the infertile couple and both laboratory and clinical aspects of assisted reproductive technologies. The emphasis throughout is on the practical management of patients undergoing assisted conception treatment. The third edition is a complete update of the field including expanded sections on newer technologies such as GIFT and ICSI. The book is authored largely by current or previous members of the Bourne Hall staff, with additional material from leading international authorities. The Bourn Hall Procedures, Protocols and Information Sheets - previously published as an Appendix - are now included on CD-ROM for ease of adaptation for local use.
Nordic Health Law in a European Context

Author: Elisabeth Rynning

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004223813

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 221

This anthology aims to provide Nordic perspectives on the young and evolving field of health law – or biomedical law – by reflecting on issues that have been explored within the activities of the Nordic Network for Research in Biomedical Law. In the emergence of this fairly new legal discipline, it has become very clear that the Nordic region forms a part of Europe that has been strongly influenced by both hard and soft law initiatives from the European Union and the Council of Europe, but also that Nordic identity, culture, and collaboration clearly remain an important factor in the legal development of this particular region.
Reproductive Technology and Surrogacy

Author: Salvör Nordal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9789289342889


Page: 55

View: 100

During the past few years, reproductive technology and surrogacy have emerged in a number of European countries as issues of debate. There has been a steady increase in the use of reproductive technology in the Nordic countries, as well as an increase in the use of cross-border medical treatment in order to achieve pregnancy. At the same time, a number of ethical issues have been raised concerning the rights of the participants, including the children. In the fall of 2013, the Nordic Committee on Bioethics organised a conference in Reykjavik that focused on the current situation in the Nordic countries and on the global aspects of reproductive technology and surrogacy, including the market that is emerging in this field. This conference summary highlights the main ethical issues facing researchers, policymakers and practitioners who deal with these issues.
The Cryopolitics of Reproduction on Ice

Author: Charlotte Kroløkke

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781838670443

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 912

Reproduction has entered a new ice age. Using cryopolitics as an interdisciplinary framework to help understand the contemporary state of cryo-fertility, this book explores the ways in which visions of desirable reproductive futures entangle with advances in freezing technologies.
Textbook of Assisted Reproductive Techniques

Author: David. K Gardner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439813942

Category: Medical

Page: 1298

View: 708

Textbook of Assisted Reproductive Technologies is a truly comprehensive manual for the whole team at the IVF clinic. Information is presented in a highly visual manner, allowing both methods and protocols to be consulted easily. The text provides clinical and scientific teams with the A to Zs of setting up an embryology laboratory, gives research f
Textbook of Assisted Reproductive Techniques

Author: David K. Gardner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498740166

Category: Medical

Page: 423

View: 479

Established as a definitive reference for the IVF clinic, the fifth edition has been extensively revised, with the addition of several important new contributions on laboratory topics, including advanced sperm selection techniques for ICSI, human embryo biopsy procedures, oocyte activation, managing an oocyte bank, artificial gametes, and epigenetics. As previously, methods, protocols, and techniques of choice are presented by IVF pioneers and eminent international experts.