Attosecond Physics

Author: Luis Plaja

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642376238

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 548

Attophysics is an emerging field in physics devoted to the study and characterization of matter dynamics in the sub-femtosecond time scale. This book gives coverage of a broad set of selected topics in this field, exciting by their novelty and their potential impact. The book is written review-like. It also includes fundamental chapters as introduction to the field for non-specialist physicists. The book is structured in four sections: basics, attosecond pulse technology, applications to measurements and control of physical processes and future perspectives. It is a valuable reference tool for researchers in the field as well as a concise introduction to non-specialist readers.
Attosecond Experiments on Plasmonic Nanostructures

Author: Johannes Schötz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658137137

Category: Science

Page: 106

View: 935

Johannes Schötz presents the first measurements of optical electro-magnetic near-fields around nanostructures with subcycle-resolution. The ability to measure and understand light-matter interactions on the nanoscale is an important component for the development of light-wave-electronics, the control and steering of electron dynamics with the frequency of light, which promises a speed-up by several orders of magnitude compared to conventional electronics. The experiments presented here on metallic nanotips, widely used in experiments and applications, do not only demonstrate the feasibility of attosecond streaking as a unique tool for fundamental studies of ultrafast nanophotonics but also represent a first important step towards this goal.
Pushing the Frontiers of Atomic Physics

Author: Robin Coté

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814273008

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 740

In memoriam. Herbert Walther, scientist extraordinaire / P. Meystre. Willis E. Lamb / P. Berman -- Nobel Laureate session. When is a quantum gas a quantum liquid? / E.A. Cornell. Cooperative emission of light quanta : a theory of coherent radiation damping / R.J. Glauber. Coherent control of ultracold matter : fractional quantum Hall physics and large-area atom interferometry / S. Chu -- Precision measurements. More accurate measurement of the electron magnetic moment and the fine structure constant / G. Gabrielse. Determination of the fine structure constant with atom interferometry and Bloch oscillations / F. Biraben. Precise measurements of s-wave scattering phase shifts with a juggling atomic clock / K. Gibble. Quantum control of spins and photons at nanoscales / M.D. Lukin -- Quantum information and quantum optics. Atomic ensemble quantum memories / A. Kuzmich. Quantum non-demolition photon counting and time-resolved reconstruction of non-classical field states in a cavity / S. Haroche. Spin squeezing on an atomic-clock transition / V. Vuletić. Quantum micro-mechanics with ultracold atoms / D. Stamper-Kurn. Improved "position squared" readout using degenerate cavity modes / J.G.E. Harris -- Quantum degenerate systems. Tunable interactions in a Bose-Einstein condensate of Lithium : photoassociation and disorder-induced localization / R.G. Hulet. A purely dipolar quantum gas / T. Pfau. Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton-polaritons / Y. Yamamoto. Anderson localization of matter waves / P. Bouyer. Anderson localization of a non-interacting Bose-Einstein condensate / M. Inguscio. Fermi gases with tunable interactions / J.E. Thomas. Photoemission spectroscopy for ultracold atoms / D.S. Jin. Universality in strongly interacting Fermi gases / P.D. Drummond. Mapping the phase diagram of a two-component Fermi gas with strong interactions / Y. Shin. Exploring universality of few-body physics based on ultracold atoms near Feshbach resonances / C. Chin -- Optical lattices and cold molecules. Atom interferometry with a weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensate / G. Modugno. An optical plaquette : minimum expressions of topological matter / B. Paredes. Strongly correlated bosons and fermions in optical lattices / I. Bloch. Laser cooling of molecules / P. Pillet. A dissipative Tonks-Girardeau gas of molecules / S. Dürr. Spectroscopy of ultracold KRb molecules / W.C. Stwalley. Cold molecular ions : single molecule studies / M. Drewsen -- Ultrafast phenomena. The frontiers of attosecond physics / L.F. DiMauro. Strong-field control of X-ray processes / L. Young
Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics


Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123965370

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 205

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics publishes reviews of recent developments in a field which is in a state of rapid growth, as new experimental and theoretical techniques are used on many old and new problems. Topics covered include related applied areas, such as atmospheric science, astrophysics, surface physics and laser physics. Articles are written by distinguished experts, and contain both relevant review material and detailed descriptions of important recent developments. International experts Comprehensive articles New developments
Strong Field Laser Physics

Author: Thomas Brabec

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387400778

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 590

View: 451

Due to the rapid progress in laser technology a wealth of novel fundamental and applied applications of lasers in atomic and plasma physics have become possible. This book focuses on the interaction of high intensity lasers with matter. It reviews the state of the art of high power laser sources, intensity laser-atom and laser-plasma interactions, laser matter interaction at relativistic intensities, and QED with intense lasers.
Current Trends in Atomic Physics

Author: Antoine Browaeys

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192574091

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 766

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at Session CVII of the summer school in physics, entitled “Current Trends in Atomic Physics” and held in July, 2016 in Les Houches, France. Atomic physics provides a paradigm for exploring few-body quantum systems with unparalleled control. In recent years, this ability has been applied in diverse areas including condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and ultra-fast phenomena as well as foundational aspects of quantum physics. This book addresses these topics by presenting developments and current trends via a series of tutorials and lectures presented by international leading investigators.
Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

Author: Paul R. Berman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123855084

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 350

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics publishes reviews of recent developments in a field which is in a state of rapid growth, as new experimental and theoretical techniques are used on many old and new problems. Topics covered include related applied areas, such as atmospheric science, astrophysics, surface physics and laser physics. Articles are written by distinguished experts, and contain both relevant review material and detailed descriptions of important recent developments. International experts Comprehensive articles New developments
Photonics, Volume 1

Author: David L. Andrews

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119009702

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 521

Covers modern photonics accessibly and discusses the basic physical principles underlying all the applications and technology of photonics. This volume covers the basic physical principles underlying the technology and all applications of photonics from statistical optics to quantum optics. The topics discussed in this volume are: Photons in perspective; Coherence and Statistical Optics; Complex Light and Singular Optics; Electrodynamics of Dielectric Media; Fast and slow Light; Holography; Multiphoton Processes; Optical Angular Momentum; Optical Forces, Trapping and Manipulation; Polarization States; Quantum Electrodynamics; Quantum Information and Computing; Quantum Optics; Resonance Energy Transfer; Surface Optics; Ultrafast Pulse Phenomena. Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.
21st Century Nanoscience – A Handbook

Author: Klaus D. Sattler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000497427

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 749

This up-to-date reference is the most comprehensive summary of the field of nanoscience and its applications. It begins with fundamental properties at the nanoscale and then goes well beyond into the practical aspects of the design, synthesis, and use of nanomaterials in various industries. It emphasizes the vast strides made in the field over the past decade – the chapters focus on new, promising directions as well as emerging theoretical and experimental methods. The contents incorporate experimental data and graphs where appropriate, as well as supporting tables and figures with a tutorial approach.
21st Century Nanoscience

Author: Klaus D. Sattler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351260558

Category: Science

Page: 4142

View: 792

This 21st Century Nanoscience Handbook will be the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field of nanoscience. Handbook of Nanophysics, by the same editor, published in the fall of 2010, was embraced as the first comprehensive reference to consider both fundamental and applied aspects of nanophysics. This follow-up project has been conceived as a necessary expansion and full update that considers the significant advances made in the field since 2010. It goes well beyond the physics as warranted by recent developments in the field. Key Features: Provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field. Chapters written by international experts in the field. Emphasises presentation and real results and applications. This handbook distinguishes itself from other works by its breadth of coverage, readability and timely topics. The intended readership is very broad, from students and instructors to engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biomedical researchers, industry professionals, governmental scientists, and others whose work is impacted by nanotechnology. It will be an indispensable resource in academic, government, and industry libraries worldwide. The fields impacted by nanoscience extend from materials science and engineering to biotechnology, biomedical engineering, medicine, electrical engineering, pharmaceutical science, computer technology, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, food science, and beyond.
Progress in Optics

Author: Taco Visser

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323989060

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 768

Progress in Optics, Volume 67, highlights new advances, with this updated volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of timely topics in the field. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors. The book contains five reviews of the latest developments in optics. Covers medical imaging, physical optics, integrated optics, and quantum optics Includes contributions from leading authorities in the field of optics Presents timely, state-of-the-art reviews on advances in optics
Molecular Spectroscopy and Quantum Dynamics

Author: Roberto Marquardt

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128172353

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 686

Molecular Spectroscopy and Quantum Dynamics, an exciting new work edited by Professors Martin Quack and Roberto Marquardt, contains comprehensive information on the current state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical methods and techniques used to unravel ultra-fast phenomena in atoms, molecules and condensed matter, along with future perspectives on the field. Contains new insights into the quantum dynamics and spectroscopy of electronic and nuclear motion Presents the most recent developments in the detection and interpretation of ultra-fast phenomena Includes a discussion of the importance of these phenomena for the understanding of chemical reaction dynamics and kinetics in relation to molecular spectra and structure