The present book provides a comprehensive survey on the governing phenomena of cable vibration, both associated with direct action of wind and rain: buffeting, vortex-shedding, wake effects, rain-wind vibration; and resulting from the indirect excitation through anchorage oscillation: external and parametric excitation. Methodologies for assessment of the effects of those phenomena are presented and illustrated by practical examples. Control of cable vibrations is then discussed and state-of-art results on the design of passive control devices are presented.
The book examines all aspects of the design of cable stayed bridges. Starting with a brief history, it addresses general design criteria and current technology, as well as static and dynamic analysis. The numerous illustrations provide examples of existing structures and document their critical parameters, including examples of outstanding structures which have recently been completed. The chapter dealing with stay technology has been thoroughly updated to take into account the new, better quality products available from cable suppliers. The results of extensive experimental investigations concerning cable stayed bridges with slender decks, mentioned briefly in the first edition, are also presented here.
Timely, authoritative, extremely practical--an exhaustive guide tothe nontheoretical aspects of bridge planning and design. This bookaddresses virtually all practical problems associated with theplanning and design of steel and concrete bridge superstructuresand substructures. Drawing on its author's nearly half-century as abridge designer and engineer, it offers in-depth coverage of suchcrucial considerations as selecting the optimum location andlayout, traffic flow, aesthetics, design, analysis, construction,current codes and government regulations, maintenance andrehabilitation, and much more. * Offers in-depth coverage of all the steps involved in performingproper planning and design with comparative analyses of alternativesolutions * Includes numerous examples and case studies of existing bridgesand important projects underway around the world * Features a time-line history of bridge building from pre-Romantimes to the present * Summarizes key technical data essential to bridgeengineering * Supplemented with 200 line drawings and photos vividlyillustrating all concepts presented * Comprehensive coverage of CAD planning, design, and analysistechniques and technologies
The need for large-scale bridges is constantly growing due to the enormous infrastructure development around the world. Since the 1970s many of them have been cable-stayed bridges. In 1975 the largest span length was 404 m, in 1995 it increased to 856 m, and today it is 1104 m. Thus the economically efficient range of cable-stayed bridges is tending to move towards even larger spans, and cable-stayed bridges are increasingly the focus of interest worldwide. This book describes the fundamentals of design analysis, fabrication and construction, in which the author refers to 250 built examples to illustrate all aspects. International or national codes and technical regulations are referred to only as examples, such as bridges that were designed to German DIN, Eurocode, AASHTO, British Standards. The chapters on cables and erection are a major focus of this work as they represent the most important difference from other types of bridges. The examples were chosen from the bridges in which the author was personally involved, or where the consulting engineers, Leonhardt, Andrä and Partners (LAP), participated significantly. Other bridges are included for their special structural characteristics or their record span lengths. The most important design engineers are also presented. Note: The lecture videos which are attached to the print book on DVD are not part of the e-book.
Scientific Study from the year 2013 in the subject Engineering - Civil Engineering, grade: -, University of Weimar, course: Cable Stayed Bridges, language: English, abstract: In this research, many models of a cable stayed bridge were generated using ABAQUS finite element commercial software for the purpose of proceeding with nonlinear design optimization on the shape and topology of the structure. The cable stayed bridge models in all cases are with a constant length and width for the deck, also the pylons height under and above the deck is constant, but the shape of stay cables arrangement varies to three main famous arrangements which are Fan, Semi harp and Harp.In addition to change in the pylons shape which are three known shapes Double out, Single Center and Single inclined out, and it is worthy to mention that in all cases of the shape optimization of the pylons , the stay cables arrangements are Fan style, andby governing computational nonlinear optimization process on the finite element models in all cases of shape and topology optimization through using static general step for analysis and a certain meshing type with global seeding size for the Beam elements, with a fixed and pinned boundary conditions for the deck supports and fixed boundary for the pylons.Concentrated static loads assigned on the same positions on the deck for all models cases. A numerical optimization and graphical simulation of the results were used to determine many responsesin the model cases which areReactions, Deflections and Mises stresses in the structural models of the cable stayed bridge, especially at the deck, pylons and the stay cables which are the main components of the structure, also the same step in the deck and pylons supportshas been done for optimization outputs. It is apparent and clear that the cable stayed model with the Fan arrangement of the stay cables showed efficiency and the best topological model case for the structural design optimization that involved a safe, robust, rigid, and safe for the design of cable stayed bridges. The pylon shape with double out case was the best design situation compared with the other two models single center and single inclined out shapes, this point was obvious in the reactions, deflections and Mises stresses for the deck supports and the deck itself, and as a result the Double out with a Fan shape arrangement of the cable stays is the best model for the design of cable stayed bridges to resist the static loads.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2014 in the subject Engineering - Civil Engineering, grade: unknown, University of Weimar, language: English, abstract: The vibration characteristic of a cable stayed bridges structure is the main axis of the study in this paper, many structural parameters are used to simulate and determine the effect of vibration on the structural performance by identifying the natural frequencies of the system and the mode shapes that can occur in the real structure. Modeling the stay cables with three famous styles of arrangements such as Harp, Semi Harp and Fan styles, and assigning roller, hinged and fixed boundary conditions on the deck support of the cable stayed bridge, in addition to using two design cases of the girders and pylons dimensions in the global structure for that purpose. Through the use of ABAQUS finite element analysis, the models were generated for each mentioned cases and the results of the frequency linear perturbation step of 10 mode shapes were determined through the simulation of the deformed shapes and the determined values of the natural frequencies of each mode for each case of interest. It was seen that the roller boundary condition was much prone to the early vibration and the stay cables of the direction near to the roller support were vibrated and stressed much more than the other direction compared with the hinged and fixed boundary conditions, and the mode shapes 7, 8, 9 and 10 were the most vibrated cases for all the boundary conditions without any distinction. The week design of the girders and the pylons has the great effect on the vibration of the stay cables, pylons and deck of the structure especially near the roller support direction due to the early vibration of the case of roller support, so the use of cross ties and damping between the stay cables and the girders are very important in the cases of significant vibrations which affect the performance of the cable stayed bridges.
Fourteen years on from its last edition, Cable Supported Bridges: Concept and Design, Third Edition, has been significantly updated with new material and brand new imagery throughout. Since the appearance of the second edition, the focus on the dynamic response of cable supported bridges has increased, and this development is recognised with two new chapters, covering bridge aerodynamics and other dynamic topics such as pedestrian-induced vibrations and bridge monitoring. This book concentrates on the synthesis of cable supported bridges, suspension as well as cable stayed, covering both design and construction aspects. The emphasis is on the conceptual design phase where the main features of the bridge will be determined. Based on comparative analyses with relatively simple mathematical expressions, the different structural forms are quantified and preliminary optimization demonstrated. This provides a first estimate on dimensions of the main load carrying elements to give in an initial input for mathematical computer models used in the detailed design phase. Key features: Describes evolution and trends within the design and construction of cable supported bridges Describes the response of structures to dynamic actions that have attracted growing attention in recent years Highlights features of the different structural components and their interaction in the entire structural system Presents simple mathematical expressions to give a first estimate on dimensions of the load carrying elements to be used in an initial computer input This comprehensive coverage of the design and construction of cable supported bridges provides an invaluable, tried and tested resource for academics and engineers.
- Bridge type, behaviour and appearance David Bennett, David Bennett Associates · History of bridge development · Bridge form · Behaviour - Loads and load distribution Mike Ryall, University of Surrey · Brief history of loading specifications · Current code specification · Load distribution concepts · Influence lines - Analysis Professor R Narayanan, Consulting Engineer · Simple beam analysis · Distribution co-efficients · Grillage method · Finite elements · Box girder analysis: steel and concrete · Dynamics - Design of reinforced concrete bridges Dr Paul Jackson, Gifford and Partners · Right slab · Skew slab · Beam and slab · Box - Design of prestressed concrete bridges Nigel Hewson, Hyder Consulting · Pretensioned beams · Beam and slab · Pseduo slab · Post tensioned concrete beams · Box girders - Design of steel bridges Gerry Parke and John Harding, University of Surrey · Plate girders · Box girders · Orthotropic plates · Trusses - Design of composite bridges David Collings, Robert Benaim and Associates · Steel beam and concrete · Steel box and concrete · Timber and concrete - Design of arch bridges Professor Clive Melbourne, University of Salford · Analysis · Masonry · Concrete · Steel · Timber - Seismic analysis of design Professor Elnashai, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine · Modes of failure in previous earthquakes · Conceptual design issues · Brief review of seismic design codes - Cable stayed bridges - Daniel Farquhar, Mott Macdonald · Analysis · Design · Construction - Suspension bridges Vardaman Jones and John Howells, High Point Rendel · Analysis · Design · Construction - Moving bridges Charles Birnstiel, Consulting engineer · History · Types · Special problems - Substructures Peter Lindsell, Peter Lindsell and Associates · Abutments · Piers - Other structural elements Robert Broome et al, WS Atkins · Parapets · Bearings · Expansion joints - Protection Mike Mulheren, University of Surrey · Drainage · Waterproofing · Protective coating/systems for concrete · Painting system for steel · Weathering steel · Scour protection · Impact protection - Management systems and strategies Perrie Vassie, Transport Research Laboratory · Inspection · Assessment · Testing · Rate of deterioration · Optimal maintenance programme · Prioritisation · Whole life costing · Risk analysis - Inspection, monitoring, and assessment Charles Abdunur, Laboratoire Central Des Ponts et Chaussées · Main causes of deterioration · Investigation methods · Structural evaluation tests · Stages of structural assessment · Preparing for recalculation - Repair and Strengthening John Darby, Consulting Engineer · Repair of concrete structures · Metal structures · Masonry structures · Replacement of structures
An international team of experts has joined forces to produce the Bridge Engineering Handbook. They address all facets-the planning, design, inspection, construction, and maintenance of a variety of bridge structures-creating a must-have resource for every bridge engineer. This unique, comprehensive reference provides the means to review standard practices and keep abreast of new developments and state-of-the-art practices. Comprising 67 chapters in seven sections, the authors present: Fundamentals: Provides the basic concepts and theory of bridge engineering Superstructure Design: Discusses all types of bridges Substructure Design: Addresses columns, piers, abutments, and foundations Seismic Design: Presents the latest in seismic bridge design Construction and Maintenance: Focuses on the practical issues of bridge structures Special Topics: Offers new and important information and unique solutions Worldwide Practice: Summarizes bridge engineering practices around the world. Discover virtually all you need to know about any type of bridge: Reinforced, Segmental, and Prestressed Concrete Steel beam and plate girder Steel box girder Orthotropic deck Horizontally curved Truss Arch Suspension Cable-stayed Timber Movable Floating Railroad Special attention is given to rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance, and the Bridge Engineering Handbook offers over 1,600 tables, charts, and illustrations in ready-to-use format. An abundance of worked-out examples give readers step-by-step design procedures and the section on Worldwide Practice provides a broad and valuable perspective on the "big picture" of bridge engineering.