Changes in American Morality: Of the People; By the People; For the Self

Author: Frank S. Farello

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595192137

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 981

CHANGES IN AMERICAN MORALITY: OF THE PEOPLE; BY THE PEOPLE; FOR THE SELF, contends that America has lost touch with the fundamental ethics of its founding principles. This, coupled with the deleterious effects of individualism; liberalism; materialism, and relegating religion to the fringes of the public forum, has undermined America’s achievement of a truly “common good.” The result is a serious deterioration of our former collectively conceived moral compass in favor of a more personally composed moral code. This code often blurs the boundaries between “right and wrong” as the attainment of an unbridled “self-satisfaction” takes precedence above all else. Therefore, America has become a nation of competing individuals, each seeking to extract ever-increasing levels of personal pleasure and fulfillment from every possible source, often at the expense of our collective civil and social associations; our local communities—even our families. With the works of the Founders and many of America’s recent and modern social thinkers as references, Mr. Farello achieves a thorough examination and explanation of the evolution of many of America’s current social ills, and arrives at a number of solid solutions to those problems. This book is must reading for anyone concerned with American society’s current direction.
Everyday Ethics and Social Change

Author: Anna Peterson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231520553

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 265

Americans increasingly cite moral values as a factor in how they vote, but when we define morality simply in terms of a voter's position on gay marriage and abortion, we lose sight of the ethical decisions that guide our everyday lives. In our encounters with friends, family members, nature, and nonhuman creatures, we practice a nonutilitarian morality that makes sacrifice a rational and reasonable choice. Recognizing these everyday ethics, Anna L. Peterson argues, helps us move past the seemingly irreconcilable conflicts of culture and refocus on issues that affect real social change. Peterson begins by divining a "second language" for personal and political values, a vocabulary derived from the loving and mutually beneficial relationships of daily life. Even if our interactions with others are fleeting and fragmentary, they provide a viable alternative to the contractual and atomistic attitudes of mainstream culture. Everyday ethics point toward a more just, humane, and sustainable society, and to acknowledge moments of grace in our daily encounters is to realize a different way of relating to people and nonhuman nature an alternative ethic to cynicism and rank consumerism. In redefining the parameters of morality, Peterson enables us to make fundamental problems such as the distribution of wealth, the use of public land and natural resources, labor and employment policy, and the character of political institutions the preferred focus of debate and action.
The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance

Author: Alex Rajczi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190946845

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 202

Millions of Americans lack health insurance, and as a result, thousands suffer and die every year. Philosophers have argued that an ideal society would avoid these problems by guaranteeing universal access to health insurance, but what about concerns that a universal health insurance system would be inefficient, create excessive fiscal risk, or impose excessive taxes or other personal costs? In The Ethics of Universal Health Insurance, Alex Rajczi shows how defenders of universal health insurance can address the ethical issues raised by these objections and make the moral case for an American universal health insurance system that improves on the gains made in the Affordable Care Act. Engaging with these objections helps us uncover fascinating philosophical issues that have been previously overlooked. It also leads us to a deeper understanding of progressive and conservative views on distributive justice and provides us with a framework for examining debates about any part of the social safety net- in America and elsewhere.
Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance

Author: Giacalone

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765628657

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 378

View: 926

An explanation of how and why the economic downturn of 2007 became the Great Recession of 2008 and 2009. It explores the root causes of the cycle of boom and bust of the economy. It describes social equity in terms of its arguments and claims in political, economic, and social circumstances.
Argument and Change in World Politics

Author: Neta C. Crawford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521002796

Category: Political Science

Page: 466

View: 552

Arguments have consequences in world politics that are as real as the military forces of states or the balance of power among them. Neta Crawford proposes a theory of argument in world politics which focuses on the role of ethical arguments in fostering changes in long-standing practices. She examines five hundred years of history, analyzing the role of ethical arguments in colonialism, the abolition of slavery and forced labour, and decolonization. Pointing out that decolonization is the biggest change in world politics in the last five hundred years, the author examines ethical arguments from the sixteenth century justifying Spanish conquest of the Americas, and from the twentieth century over the fate of Southern Africa. The book also offers a prescriptive analysis of how ethical arguments could be deployed to deal with the problem of humanitarian intervention. Co-winner of the APSA Jervis-Schroeder Prize for the best book on international history and politics.
Creating Realities

Author: Erhan Simsek

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783839447994

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 255

Business is woven into the very fabric of American life, yet rarely surfaces in the nation's literary history. Even in novels about business, it proves an elusive motif that fails to mirror actual business organizations. This book argues that literary representations of business remain ineffable because business serves potential aesthetic functions, subtly yet meaningfully impacting readers. Exploring the complex representation of business in realist, naturalist and modernist works, Erhan Simsek reveals these functions by analyzing how the motif intertwines with social developments, literary movements and author biographies. He thus illuminates the motif itself while highlighting the utility of a focus on the changing functions of literature.
The Ethics, Epistemology, and Politics of Richard Rorty

Author: Giancarlo Marchetti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000472745

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 883

This book features fourteen original essays that critically engage the philosophy of Richard Rorty, with an emphasis on his ethics, epistemology, and politics. Inspired by James’ and Dewey’s pragmatism, Rorty urged us to rethink the role of science and truth with a liberal-democratic vision of politics. In doing so, he criticized philosophy as a sheer scholastic endeavor and put it back in touch with our most pressing cultural and human needs. The essays in this volume employ the conceptual tools and argumentative techniques of analytic philosophy and pragmatism and demonstrate the relevance of Rorty’s thought to the most urgent questions of our time. They touch on a number of topics, including but not limited to structural injustice, rule-following, Black feminist philosophy, legal pragmatism, moral progress, relativism, and skepticism. This book will be of interest to a wide range of scholars across disciplines who are engaging with the work of Richard Rorty.
Point of Purchase

Author: Sharon Zukin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415945976

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 155

A sociologist reveals how shopping has changed American life, its influence radiating out into the economic and cultural sectors, impacting everything from fashion to the internet, while also inspiring consumerism all over the world and promoting the "american dream" abroad.
Everyday Ethics and Social Change

Author: Anna Lisa Peterson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231148733

Category: Philosophy

Page: 201

View: 926

Americans increasingly cite moral values as a factor in how they vote, but when we define morality simply in terms of a voter's position on gay marriage and abortion, we lose sight of the ethical decisions that guide our everyday lives. In our encounters with friends, family members, nature, and nonhuman creatures, we practice a nonutilitarian morality that makes sacrifice a rational and reasonable choice. Recognizing these everyday ethics, Anna L. Peterson argues, helps us move past the seemingly irreconcilable conflicts of culture and refocus on issues that affect real social change. Peterson begins by divining a "second language" for personal and political values, a vocabulary derived from the loving and mutually beneficial relationships of daily life. Even if our interactions with others are fleeting and fragmentary, they provide a viable alternative to the contractual and atomistic attitudes of mainstream culture. Everyday ethics point toward a more just, humane, and sustainable society, and to acknowledge moments of grace in our daily encounters is to realize a different way of relating to people and nonhuman nature--an alternative ethic to cynicism and rank consumerism. In redefining the parameters of morality, Peterson enables us to make fundamental problems such as the distribution of wealth, the use of public land and natural resources, labor and employment policy, and the character of political institutions the preferred focus of debate and action.
Between Enterprise and Ethics

Author: John Hendry

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191533112

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 267

We live in a 'bimoral' society, in which people govern their lives by two contrasting sets of principles. On the one hand there are the principles associated with traditional morality. Although these allow a modicum of self-interest, their emphasis is on our duties and obligations to others: to treat people honestly and with respect, to treat them fairly and without prejudice, to help and care for them when needed, and ultimately, to put their needs above our own. On the other hand there are the principles associated with the entrepreneurial self-interest. These also impose obligations, but of a much more limited kind. Their emphasis is competitive rather than cooperative: to advance our own interests rather than to meet the needs of others. Both sets of principles have always been present in society but in recent years traditional moral authorities have lost much of their force and the morality of self-interest has acquired a much greater social legitimacy, over a much wider field of behaviour, than ever before. The result of this is that in many situations it is no longer at all apparent which set of principles should take precedence. In this book John Hendry traces the cultural and historical origins of the 'bimoral' society and explores the challenges it poses for the world of business and management. The developments that have led to the 'bimoral' society have also led to new, more flexible forms of organizing, which have released people's entrepreneurial energies and significantly enhanced the creative capacities of business. Working within these organizations, however, is fraught with moral tensions as obligations and self-interest conflict and managers are pulled in all sorts of different directions. Managing them successfully poses major new challenges of leadership, and 'moral' management, as the technical problem-solving that previously characterised managerial work is increasingly accomplished by technology and market mechanisms. The key role of management becomes the political and moral one of determining purposes and priorities, reconciling divergent interests, and nurturing trust in interpersonal relationships. Exploring these tensions and challenges, Hendry identifies new issues for contemporary management and puts recognized issues into context. He also explores the challenges posed for a post-traditional society as it seeks to regulate and govern an increasingly powerful and global business sector.