Chinese Propaganda Posters: From Revolution to Modernization

Author: Stefan Landsberger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315481234

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 881

Brightly coloured prints, portraying model behaviour or a better future, have been a ubiquitous element of Chinese political culture from Imperial times until present. As economic reform swept the People's Republic in the 1980s, visual propaganda ceased to depict the tanned and muscular labourers in a proletarian utopia, so typical of preceding decades. Instead, Western icons of progress and development were employed: high-speed bullet trains, spacecraft, high-rise buildings, gridlocked free-ways and projections of general affluence. Socialist Realism was phased out by design and mixed- media techniques that were influenced by Western advertising. This lavishly illustrated study traces the development of the style and content of the Chinese propaganda poster in the decade of reform, from its traditional origins to its use as a tool for political and economic purposes.
Chinese Propaganda Posters: From Revolution to Modernization

Author: Stefan Landsberger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315481241

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 724

Brightly coloured prints, portraying model behaviour or a better future, have been a ubiquitous element of Chinese political culture from Imperial times until present. As economic reform swept the People's Republic in the 1980s, visual propaganda ceased to depict the tanned and muscular labourers in a proletarian utopia, so typical of preceding decades. Instead, Western icons of progress and development were employed: high-speed bullet trains, spacecraft, high-rise buildings, gridlocked free-ways and projections of general affluence. Socialist Realism was phased out by design and mixed- media techniques that were influenced by Western advertising. This lavishly illustrated study traces the development of the style and content of the Chinese propaganda poster in the decade of reform, from its traditional origins to its use as a tool for political and economic purposes.
Collecting Prints, Posters, and Ephemera

Author: Ruth E. Iskin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781501338502

Category: Art

Page: 308

View: 958

Why did collectors seek out posters and collect ephemera during the late-nineteenth and the twentieth centuries? How have such materials been integrated into institutional collections today? What inspired collectors to build significant holdings of works from cultures other than their own? And what are the issues facing curators and collectors of digital ephemera today? These are among the questions tackled in this volume-the first to examine the practices of collecting prints, posters, and ephemera during the modern and contemporary periods. A wide range of case studies feature collections of printed materials from the United States, Latin America, France, Germany, Great Britain, China, Japan, Russia, Iran, and Cuba. Fourteen essays and one roundtable discussion, all specially commissioned from art historians, curators, and collectors for this volume, explore key issues such as the roles of class, politics, and gender, and address historical contexts, social roles, value, and national and transnational aspects of collecting practices. The global scope highlights cross-cultural connections and contributes to a new understanding of the place of prints, posters and ephemera within an increasingly international art world.
Unending Capitalism

Author: Karl Gerth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521868464

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 628

In this provocative account, Karl Gerth argues that consumerism rather than communism explains the history of China since 1949.
Redefining Propaganda in Modern China

Author: James Farley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000225761

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 341

Usage of the political keyword 'propaganda' by the Chinese Communist Party has changed and expanded over time. These changes have been masked by strong continuities spanning periods in the history of the People's Republic of China from the Mao Zedong era (1949–76) to the new era of Xi Jinping (2012–present). Redefining Propaganda in Modern China builds on the work of earlier scholars to revisit the central issue of how propaganda has been understood within the Communist Party system. What did propaganda mean across successive eras? What were its institutions and functions? What were its main techniques and themes? What can we learn about popular consciousness as a result? In answering these questions, the contributors to this volume draw on a range of historical, cultural studies, propa­ganda studies and comparative politics approaches. Their work captures the sweep of propaganda – its appearance in everyday life, as well as during extraordinary moments of mobilization (and demobilization), and its systematic continuities and discontinuities from the perspective of policy-makers, bureaucratic function­aries and artists. More localized and granular case studies are balanced against deep readings and cross-cutting interpretive essays, which place the history of the People's Republic of China within broader temporal and comparative frames. Addressing a vital aspect of Chinese Communist Party authority, this book is meant to provide a timely and comprehensive update on what propaganda has meant ideologically, operationally, aesthetically and in terms of social experience.
Collecting the Revolution

Author: Emily R. Williams

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538150689

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 585

Collecting the Revolution is an exploration of British engagements with Chinese Cultural Revolution material culture from 1966 to the present. It examines the ways in which the Cultural Revolution and Chinese Communism more broadly was understood, mediated, and represented through its art, propaganda, and material culture.
China's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

Author: Woei Lien Chong

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742518744

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 264

Treating China's Cultural Revolution as much more than a political event, this innovative volume explores its ideological dimensions. The contributors focus especially on the CR's discourse of heroism and messianism and its demonization of the enemy as reflected in political practice, official literature, and propaganda art, arguing that these characteristics can be traced back to hitherto-neglected undercurrents of Chinese tradition. Moreover, while most studies of the Cultural Revolution are content to point to the discredited cult of heroism and messianism, this book also explores the alternative discourses that have flourished to fill the resulting vacuum. The contributors analyze the intense intellectual and artistic ferment in post-Mao China that embody resistance to CR ideology, as well as the urgent quest for authentic individuality, new forms of social cohesion, and historical truth. Contributions by: Anne-Marie Brady, Woei Lien Chong, Lowell Dittmer, Monika Gaenssbauer, Nick Knight, Stefan R. Landsberger, Nora Sausmikat, Barend J. ter Haar, Natascha Vittinghoff, and Lan Yang.
Encyclopaedia of Propaganda

Author: Robert Cole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317471981

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 800

View: 751

The Encyclopedia of Propaganda examines all aspects of propaganda through history, and is organized in an A to Z format. The set defines the arenas in which propaganda is used such as politics, war, advertising and media; pinpoints the political systems in which it is used, such as Nazism, Communism and McCarthyism; and describes notable progenitors of propaganda and their works, including Hitler and "Mein Kampf", Machiavelli and "The Prince", Sun Tzu and "The Art of War", and Plato and "The Republic". "The Encyclopedia of Propaganda" also examines noteworthy individuals who have employed propaganda to further their own agenda, including Walt Disney, Fidel Castro, Jane Fonda, the Rev. Jerry Falwell, Saddam Hussein, Rush Limbaugh and Eleanor Roosevelt. Organizations which have utilized propaganda in a systematic fashion are also included, among them the Black Panther Party, the Sandinista National Liberation Front, and the People for Ethical Treatment of Animals. This well organized, easy-to-use reference should be a valuable research tool for students of world history, politics and literature.
Terror and the Arts

Author: M. Hyvärinen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230614130

Category: Art

Page: 252

View: 528

This book advances the argument that the arts, from film and literature to painting and comics, offer qualitatively different readings of terror and trauma that endeavor to resist the exploitation and perpetuation of violence.
Migrating the Black Body

Author: Leigh Raiford

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295999586

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 161

Migrating the Black Body explores how visual media�from painting to photography, from global independent cinema to Hollywood movies, from posters and broadsides to digital media, from public art to graphic novels�has shaped diasporic imaginings of the individual and collective self. How is the travel of black bodies reflected in reciprocal black images? How is blackness forged and remade through diasporic visual encounters and reimagined through revisitations with the past? And how do visual technologies structure the way we see African subjects and subjectivity? This volume brings together an international group of scholars and artists who explore these questions in visual culture for the historical and contemporary African diaspora. Examining subjects as wide-ranging as the appearance of blackamoors in Russian and Swedish imperialist paintings, the appropriation of African and African American liberation images for Chinese Communist Party propaganda, and the role of YouTube videos in establishing connections between Ghana and its international diaspora, these essays investigate routes of migration, both voluntary and forced, stretching across space, place, and time.
Cultural China 2020

Author: Séagh Kehoe

Publisher: University of Westminster Press

ISBN: 9781914386220

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 363

Cultural China is a unique annual publication for up-to-date, informed, and accessible commentary about Chinese and Sinophone languages, cultural practices, politics and production, and their critical analysis. It builds on the University of Westminster’s Contemporary China Centre Blog, providing additional reflective introductory pieces to contextualise each of the eight chapters. The articles in this Review speak to the turbulent year that was 2020 as it unfolded across cultural China. Thematically, they range from celebrity culture, fashion and beauty, to religion and spirituality, via language politics, heritage, and music. Pieces on representations of China in Britain and the Westminster Chinese Visual Arts Project reflect our particular location and home. Many of the articles in this book focus on the People’s Republic of China, but they also draw attention to the multiple Chinese and Sinophone cultural practices that exist within, across, and beyond national borders. The Review is distinctive in its cultural studies-based approach and contributes a much-needed critical perspective from the Humanities to the study of cultural China. It aims to promote interdisciplinary dialogue and debate about the social, cultural, political, and historical dynamics that inform life in cultural China today, offering academics, activists, practitioners, and politicians a key reference with which to situate current events in and relating to cultural China in a wider context.