Chinese Propaganda Posters: From Revolution to Modernization

Author: Stefan Landsberger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315481241

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 891

Brightly coloured prints, portraying model behaviour or a better future, have been a ubiquitous element of Chinese political culture from Imperial times until present. As economic reform swept the People's Republic in the 1980s, visual propaganda ceased to depict the tanned and muscular labourers in a proletarian utopia, so typical of preceding decades. Instead, Western icons of progress and development were employed: high-speed bullet trains, spacecraft, high-rise buildings, gridlocked free-ways and projections of general affluence. Socialist Realism was phased out by design and mixed- media techniques that were influenced by Western advertising. This lavishly illustrated study traces the development of the style and content of the Chinese propaganda poster in the decade of reform, from its traditional origins to its use as a tool for political and economic purposes.
Collecting Prints, Posters, and Ephemera

Author: Ruth E. Iskin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781501338519

Category: Art

Page: 304

View: 991

Why did collectors seek out posters and collect ephemera during the late-nineteenth and the twentieth centuries? How have such materials been integrated into institutional collections today? What inspired collectors to build significant holdings of works from cultures other than their own? And what are the issues facing curators and collectors of digital ephemera today? These are among the questions tackled in this volume-the first to examine the practices of collecting prints, posters, and ephemera during the modern and contemporary periods. A wide range of case studies feature collections of printed materials from the United States, Latin America, France, Germany, Great Britain, China, Japan, Russia, Iran, and Cuba. Fourteen essays and one roundtable discussion, all specially commissioned from art historians, curators, and collectors for this volume, explore key issues such as the roles of class, politics, and gender, and address historical contexts, social roles, value, and national and transnational aspects of collecting practices. The global scope highlights cross-cultural connections and contributes to a new understanding of the place of prints, posters and ephemera within an increasingly international art world.
Redefining Propaganda in Modern China

Author: James Farley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000225761

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 797

Usage of the political keyword 'propaganda' by the Chinese Communist Party has changed and expanded over time. These changes have been masked by strong continuities spanning periods in the history of the People's Republic of China from the Mao Zedong era (1949–76) to the new era of Xi Jinping (2012–present). Redefining Propaganda in Modern China builds on the work of earlier scholars to revisit the central issue of how propaganda has been understood within the Communist Party system. What did propaganda mean across successive eras? What were its institutions and functions? What were its main techniques and themes? What can we learn about popular consciousness as a result? In answering these questions, the contributors to this volume draw on a range of historical, cultural studies, propa­ganda studies and comparative politics approaches. Their work captures the sweep of propaganda – its appearance in everyday life, as well as during extraordinary moments of mobilization (and demobilization), and its systematic continuities and discontinuities from the perspective of policy-makers, bureaucratic function­aries and artists. More localized and granular case studies are balanced against deep readings and cross-cutting interpretive essays, which place the history of the People's Republic of China within broader temporal and comparative frames. Addressing a vital aspect of Chinese Communist Party authority, this book is meant to provide a timely and comprehensive update on what propaganda has meant ideologically, operationally, aesthetically and in terms of social experience.
Unending Capitalism

Author: Karl Gerth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521868464

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 382

View: 955

In this provocative account, Karl Gerth argues that consumerism rather than communism explains the history of China since 1949.
China's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

Author: Woei Lien Chong

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742518744

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 433

Treating China's Cultural Revolution as much more than a political event, this innovative volume explores its ideological dimensions. The contributors focus especially on the CR's discourse of heroism and messianism and its demonization of the enemy as reflected in political practice, official literature, and propaganda art, arguing that these characteristics can be traced back to hitherto-neglected undercurrents of Chinese tradition. Moreover, while most studies of the Cultural Revolution are content to point to the discredited cult of heroism and messianism, this book also explores the alternative discourses that have flourished to fill the resulting vacuum. The contributors analyze the intense intellectual and artistic ferment in post-Mao China that embody resistance to CR ideology, as well as the urgent quest for authentic individuality, new forms of social cohesion, and historical truth. Contributions by: Anne-Marie Brady, Woei Lien Chong, Lowell Dittmer, Monika Gaenssbauer, Nick Knight, Stefan R. Landsberger, Nora Sausmikat, Barend J. ter Haar, Natascha Vittinghoff, and Lan Yang.
Collecting the Revolution

Author: Emily R. Williams

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538150689

Category: China

Page: 240

View: 413

"An exploration of British engagements with Chinese Cultural Revolution material culture over the period 1966 to the present. It examines the ways in which the Cultural Revolution and Chinese Communism was more broadly understood, mediated, and represented through its art and propaganda and material culture"--
Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

Author: Edward L. Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134549535

Category: History

Page: 1158

View: 543

This is the first reference book to digest this vast cultural output and make it accessible to the English-speaking world. It contains nearly 1,200 entries written by an international team of specialists, to enable readers to explore a range of diverse and fascinating cultural subjects from prisons to rock groups, underground Christian churches to TV talk shows and radio hotlines. Experimental artists with names such as 'Big-Tailed Elephants' and 'The North-Pole Group' nestle between the covers alongside entries on lotteries, gay cinema, political jokes, sex shops, theme parks, 'New Authoritarians' and 'Little Emperors'. While the focus of the Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture is on mainland China since 1980, it also includes longer, specially commissioned entries on various aspects of contemporary culture in Hong Kong and Taiwan. Including full and up-to-date references for further reading, this is an indispensable reference tool for all teachers and students of contemporary Chinese culture. It will also be warmly embraced as an invaluable source of cultural context by tourists, journalists, business people and others who visit China.
Encyclopaedia of Propaganda

Author: Robert Cole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317471981

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 800

View: 769

The Encyclopedia of Propaganda examines all aspects of propaganda through history, and is organized in an A to Z format. The set defines the arenas in which propaganda is used such as politics, war, advertising and media; pinpoints the political systems in which it is used, such as Nazism, Communism and McCarthyism; and describes notable progenitors of propaganda and their works, including Hitler and "Mein Kampf", Machiavelli and "The Prince", Sun Tzu and "The Art of War", and Plato and "The Republic". "The Encyclopedia of Propaganda" also examines noteworthy individuals who have employed propaganda to further their own agenda, including Walt Disney, Fidel Castro, Jane Fonda, the Rev. Jerry Falwell, Saddam Hussein, Rush Limbaugh and Eleanor Roosevelt. Organizations which have utilized propaganda in a systematic fashion are also included, among them the Black Panther Party, the Sandinista National Liberation Front, and the People for Ethical Treatment of Animals. This well organized, easy-to-use reference should be a valuable research tool for students of world history, politics and literature.
Terror and the Arts

Author: M. Hyvärinen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230614130

Category: Art

Page: 252

View: 313

This book advances the argument that the arts, from film and literature to painting and comics, offer qualitatively different readings of terror and trauma that endeavor to resist the exploitation and perpetuation of violence.
Migrating the Black Body

Author: Leigh Raiford

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295999586

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 411

Migrating the Black Body explores how visual media�from painting to photography, from global independent cinema to Hollywood movies, from posters and broadsides to digital media, from public art to graphic novels�has shaped diasporic imaginings of the individual and collective self. How is the travel of black bodies reflected in reciprocal black images? How is blackness forged and remade through diasporic visual encounters and reimagined through revisitations with the past? And how do visual technologies structure the way we see African subjects and subjectivity? This volume brings together an international group of scholars and artists who explore these questions in visual culture for the historical and contemporary African diaspora. Examining subjects as wide-ranging as the appearance of blackamoors in Russian and Swedish imperialist paintings, the appropriation of African and African American liberation images for Chinese Communist Party propaganda, and the role of YouTube videos in establishing connections between Ghana and its international diaspora, these essays investigate routes of migration, both voluntary and forced, stretching across space, place, and time.