Community Justice Centres

Author: Sarah Murray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000480252

Category: Law

Page: 98

View: 838

This book examines the phenomenon of Community Justice Centres and their potential to transform the justice landscape by tackling the underlying causes of crime. Marred by recidivism, addiction, family violence, overflowing courtrooms, crippling prison spending and extreme rates of incarceration, the criminal justice system is in crisis. Community Justice Centres seek to combat this by tackling the underlying causes of crime in a particular neighbourhood and working with local people to redesign the experience of justice and enhance the notion of community. A Community Justice Centre houses a court which works with an interdisciplinary team to address the causes of criminality such as drug addiction, cognitive impairment, mental illness, poverty, abuse and intergenerational trauma. The community thus becomes a key agent of change, partnering with the Centre to tackle local issues and improve safety and community cohesion. This book, based on research into this innovative justice model, examines case studies from around the world, the challenges presented by the model and the potential for bringing its learnings into the mainstream. This book will appeal to academics in law and criminology as well as psychology; it will also be of considerable interest to people working in the criminal justice system, including the police, government policy advisers, psychologists and social workers.
Community Justice

Author: David R. Karp

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780742574441

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 542

In this book, several leading scholars examine the central concerns of this emerging field. Subjects discussed include the role of community organizations in crime prevention; the structural and cultural issues underlying the concentration of race, poverty, and crime; community policing; and community prosecution and sanctioning.
Community Justice

Author: Todd R Clear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135145712

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 912

Community Justice discusses concepts of community within the context of justice policy and programs, and addresses the important relationship between the criminal justice system and the community in the USA. Taking a bold stance in the criminal justice debate, this book argues that crime management is more effective through the use of informal (as opposed to formal) social control. It demonstrates how an increasing number of criminal justice elements are beginning to understand that the development of partnerships within the community that enhance informal social control will lead to a stabilization and possible a decline in crime, especially violent crime, and make communities more liveable. Borrowing from an eclectic toolbox of ideas and strategies - community organizing, environmental crime prevention, private-public partnerships, justice initiatives – Community Justice puts forward a new approach to establishing safe communities, and highlights the failure of the current American justice system in its lack of vision and misuse of resources. Providing detailed information about how community justice fits within each area of the criminal justice system, and including relevant case studies to exemplify this philosophy in action, this book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of subjects such as criminology, law and sociology.
Restorative Community Justice

Author: Gordon Bazemore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317521709

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 917

An anthology of original essays, this book presents debates over practice, theory, and implementation of restorative justice. Attention is focused on the movement’s direction toward a more holistic, community-oriented approach to criminal justice intervention.
Victims of Crime and Community Justice

Author: Brian Williams

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781843101956

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 790

Can a victim's experience really be improved purely by diminishing the rights of offenders and increasing penalties for offending? Dr Williams lays bare the assumptions about victims and offenders that currently restrict efficient policy-making.
Community Justice in Australia

Author: Brian Stout

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000833171

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 228

This new edition of Community Justice in Australia expands on the discussion of how people who have committed offences can be engaged in the community. It considers how the concept of community justice can be successfully applied within Australia by social workers, criminologists, parole officers and anyone working in the community with both adults and young people. The book defines community justice and applies the concept to the Australian context. It then explains theories of offending behaviour, considers relevant Australian legislation, policy and intervention strategies and examines the implications for both young people and adults. Restorative justice is also discussed. The latter part of the book focuses on practical issues including working in community justice organisations, technology, public protection and desistance approaches. Each chapter contains an engagement with the implications of community justice approaches for Indigenous groups and features reflective questions, practical tasks and guidance for further reading. This accessible and practical book will be indispensable for instructors, students and practitioners working in the community with people who have committed offences.
Values in criminology and community justice

Author: Cowburn, Malcolm

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781447320630

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 976

The way we think about crime and the way that society responds to it are imbued with values that can determine what is considered important and what gets attention. Sometimes values that are claimed may not be the values expressed in practice, as we see in the multiple and confusing discourses about victims and offenders, punishment and protection, rights and responsibilities. This collection of writings considers values in crime theory, criminal justice and research practice, uncovering the many different 'sides' – to echo Howard Becker's famous phrase – that criminologists, policy makers and researchers take. It spans Marxist, postmodernist and feminist perspectives on criminology, analyses of the dynamics of race, gender and age, research methods and ethics, the working of the criminal justice system and engages with current debates about new challenges for criminology, such as the green movement and Islamophobia. This is a timely and thought-provoking collection which will be of interest to academics and students in criminology and criminal justice, and on professional courses, such as probation and youth justice practice.
The Role of Community in Restorative Justice

Author: Fernanda Fonseca Rosenblatt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317510543

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 861

Although restorative justice is probably one of the most talked about topics in contemporary criminology, little has been written about how community involvement in restorative justice translates into practice. While advocates have presented the community as an essential pillar of restorative justice, the rationale for why and how this is the case remains underdeveloped and largely unchallenged. This book offers an empirical and theoretical explanation of what ‘community involvement’ means and what work it does in restorative justice. Drawing on an empirical case study and the wider sociological literature, The Role of Community in Restorative Justice examines the involvement of the community in one selected practice of restorative justice and also considers the implications of the English and Welsh experience for development of a more coherent framework for operationalizing community involvement in restorative justice practices. It is argued that restorative justice programmes need to start from a more concrete and up-to-date notion of community. While operationalizing community involvement, they need to acknowledge, all at once: the importance of place; the importance of family links, friendship and other social ties; and the importance of similar social traits and identities. This book is essential reading for students, researchers and academics in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, community studies, policy studies, social policy and socio-legal studies. This book will also be valuable reading for a variety of practitioners and policymakers, particularly working with restorative justice and youth justice.
Restorative Justice

Author: Ruth Ann Strickland

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 0820457582

Category: Law

Page: 156

View: 653

Restorative justice, employed in both ancient and modern societies, is designed to repair the harm that a criminal offense inflicts on victims, offenders, and communities. Today, backlogged court dockets, dissatisfaction with the adversarial process, and overcrowded prisons have incited a necessary discussion of alternatives for dealing with the accused and the convicted. This book examines how restorative justice works - promoting healing by emphasizing the restoration of victims' emotional and material losses, creating forums for negotiation, problem-solving, and dialogue between affected parties, and empowering communities and victims by inviting their participation. Restorative Justice discusses the method's beneficial and detrimental effects on, and implications for, defendants, victims, the courtroom workgroup, corrections and the community.
Handbook of Restorative Justice

Author: Gerry Johnstone

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781843921516

Category: Law

Page: 674

View: 698

Discusses the key concepts and principles of restorative justice; explains how the campaign for restorative justice arose and developed into an influential social movement; describes the variety of restorative justice practices; and identifies and examines key issues within the restorative justice movement.
Restorative Justice

Author: Gerry Johnstone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136643934

Category: Law

Page: 196

View: 353

Restorative justice is one of the most talked about developments in the field of crime and justice. Its advocates and practitioners argue that state punishment, society's customary response to crime, neither meets the needs of crime victims nor prevents reoffending. In its place, they suggest, should be restorative justice, in which families and communities of offenders encourage them to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions, express repentance and repair the harm they have done. First published in 2002, Restorative Justice: Ideas, Values, Debates is renowned worldwide as an accessible, balanced and invaluable analysis of the argument that restorative justice can provide an attractive alternative to traditional responses to crime. The second edition includes a new chapter identifying and analyzing fundamental shifts and developments in restorative justice thinking over the last decade. It suggests that the campaign for restorative justice has not only grown rapidly in the last decade, but has also changed in its focus and character. What started as a campaign to revolutionize criminal justice has evolved into a social movement that aspires to implant restorative values into the fabric of everyday life. This new edition explores the implications of this development for restorative justice’s claim to provide a feasible and desirable alternative to mainstream thinking on matters of crime and justice. This book provides an essential introduction to the most fundamental and distinctive ideas of restorative justice and will appeal to students of criminology, law or related disciplines or researchers and professionals with an interest in crime and justice issues. In addition it extends the debate about the meaning of restorative justice – pros, cons and wider significance – hence it will also be of interest to those already familiar with the topic.
Introduction to Criminal Justice

Author: Lawrence F. Travis III

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780323290708

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 815

This student-friendly introductory text describes the criminal justice process—outlining the decisions, practices, people, and issues involved. It provides a solid introduction to the mechanisms of the criminal justice system, with balanced coverage of the issues presented by each facet of the process, including a thorough review of practices and controversies in law enforcement, the criminal courts, and corrections. Systems approach to the criminal justice process provides students with an excellent foundation in the discipline Each chapter is enhanced by important terms, boxes, photos, and review questions An easy-to-access glossary offers a complete collection of essential terms in criminal justice