Recent regulatory initiatives in the United States have again raised the issue of a 'level regulatory and supervisory playing field' and the degree of competition globally between over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives and organized derivative exchange (ODE) markets. This paper models some important aspects of how an ODE market interrelates with the OTC markets. It analyzes various ways in which an ODE market can respond to competition from the OTC markets and considers whether ODE markets would actually benefit from a more level playing field. Among other factors, such as different transaction costs, different abilities to mitigate credit risk play a significant role in determining the degree of competition between the two types of markets. This implies that a potentially important service ODE markets can provide OTC market participants is to extend clearing services to them. Such services would allow the OTC markets to focus more on providing less competitive contracts/innovations and instead customize its contracts to specific investors' risk preferences and needs.
Recent regulatory initiatives in the United States have again raised the issue of a ''''level regulatory and supervisory playing field'''' and the degree of competition globally between over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives and organized derivative exchange (ODE) markets. This paper models some important aspects of how an ODE market interrelates with the OTC markets. It analyzes various ways in which an ODE market can respond to competition from the OTC markets and considers whether ODE markets would actually benefit from a more level playing field. Among other factors, such as different transaction costs, different abilities to mitigate credit risk play a significant role in determining the degree of competition between the two types of markets. This implies that a potentially important service ODE markets can provide OTC market participants is to extend clearing services to them. Such services would allow the OTC markets to focus more on providing less competitive contracts/innovations and instead customize its contracts to specific investors'' risk preferences and needs.
This latest addition to the Financial Engineering Explained series focuses on the new standards for derivatives valuation, namely, pricing and risk management taking into account counterparty risk, and the XVA's Credit, Funding and Debt value adjustments.
"There are so many ways to use derivatives that I'm almost surprised when someone doesn't use them. Producers and consumers, investors and issuers, hedgers and speculators, governments and financial institutions: almost everyone can use them." - From the Foreword by Fischer Black, Cocreator of the Black-Scholes Model Never before has there been so much interest in equity derivatives-or so much innovation in structuring these products. As new forms of instruments proliferate, their complexity has grown as well. Even equity derivatives professionals are unlikely to know all the details about every existing structure. With equity derivatives comprising one of the most important components of the capital markets, it's more crucial than ever for every financial professional, specialist and nonspecialist alike, to understand how derivative instruments behave, how they're structured, and how to use them profitably. Edited by leading thinkers in the field, The Handbook of Equity Derivatives, Revised Edition, assembles dozens of experts from universities and Wall Street to help the reader gain a practical grasp of the growing variety of financial instruments and how they work. Contributions from such respected authorities as Gary Gastineau, Mark Rubinstein, J. Gregg Whittaker, and Fischer Black outline the full range of the equity derivatives market, from classic warrants, options, and futures to the new and innovative PERCs, equity swaps, and equity-linked bonds. In nonmathematical language, the book provides a clear introduction to equity derivatives, including the fundamentals and history of options, basic equity structures, and pricing determinants, along with a historical perspective on their evolution. You'll find thorough surveys of: * The burgeoning field of synthetic structures-OTC options and exotics, equity swaps, SPINs, SIGNs, PENs, MITTs, and SuperShares * U.S. and foreign derivatives traded on organized exchanges * Issuer derivative structures, such as warrants, convertibles, PERCs, and unbundled stock units * The unique tax, legal, accounting, and regulatory features of derivatives * How to make the most profitable use of the many equity derivative products * Why some financial instruments succeed-and others fail * The future of the equity derivative market- place Whether you're a finance student becoming familiar with the field or a practicing professional seeking better ways to exploit the tremendous potential of equity derivatives for profit, The Handbook of Equity Derivatives, Revised Edition belongs on your bookshelf. "I heartily endorse The Handbook of Equity Derivatives . . . while the market is continuously inventing new instruments and discarding older ones, the clarity and straightforward nature of the handbook hints at a longevity that will make it useful for many years to come." - Stephen A. Ross Sterling Professor of Economics and Finance, MIT (on the first edition) The most relied-upon resource on equity derivative instruments, their structure, and diverse global markets- now extensively revised and updated Once, equity derivatives were exotic instruments relegated to the hands of specialists. Today, they are among the institutional investor's most popular tools for managing risk and uncovering new profit opportunities. Recognized for its authoritative contributors and its accessible, comprehensive coverage of the entire field, The Handbook of Equity Derivatives has become the standard reference on the subject for specialist and nonspecialist alike. Now, this essential resource has been carefully updated and revised to cover the most current innovations in these continually evolving investment vehicles, including: * Comprehensive coverage of the all-important OTC market * Basic equity structures and how they work * Pricing determinants * PERCs, SPIDERs, and WEBs * The Black-Scholes model * The best uses for and profit potential of new derivative products * Key accounting, tax, and regulatory issues
Exchange-Traded Derivatives provides an overview of the global listed futures and options markets, and how individual exchanges and products are adapting to a new operating environment - an environment characterized by rapid, almost continuous, change. This book serves as an ideal resource on the 21st century listed derivative markets, products and instruments. Divided into three parts, Exchange-Traded Derivatives begins by providing an overall understanding of the marketplace and the forces that have, and are, altering the operating environment - stressing how exchanges need to change in order to cope with the challenges. The author then provides a comprehensive description of leading established exchanges, detailing their origins and structure, range of products and services, strengths and 'weaknesses'. The book concludes with a look at emerging marketplaces - those in developing countries as well as new "electronic" platforms - that are likely to increase in importance over the coming years. Exchange-Traded Derivatives is a valuable reference for fund managers, corporate treasurers, corporate risk managers, CFOs and those seeking a detailed guide to the world's derivative exchanges and products.
All are agreed that the digital economy contributes to a dynamic evolution of markets and competition. Nonetheless, concerns are increasingly raised about the market dominance of a few key players. Because these companies hold the power to drive rivals out of business, regulators have begun to seek scope for competition enforcement in cases where companies claim that withholding data is needed to satisfy customers and cut costs. This book is the first focus on how competition law enforcement tools can be applied to refusals of dominant firms to give access data on online platforms such as search engines, social networks, and e-commerce platforms – commonly referred to as the ‘gatekeepers’ of the Internet. The question arises whether the denial of a dominant firm to grant competitors access to its data could constitute a ‘refusal to deal’ and lead to competition law liability under the so-called ‘essential facilities doctrine', according to which firms need access to shared knowledge in order to be able to compete. A possible duty to share data with rivals also brings to the forefront the interaction of competition law with data protection legislation considering that the required information may include personal data of individuals. Building on the refusal to deal concept, and using a multidisciplinary approach, the analysis covers such issues and topics as the following: – data portability; – interoperability; – data as a competitive advantage or entry barrier in digital markets; – market definition and dominance with respect to data; – disruptive versus sustaining innovation; – role of intellectual property regimes; – economic trade-off in essential facilities cases; – relationship of competition enforcement with data protection law and – data-related competition concerns in merger cases. The author draws on a wealth of relevant material, including EU and US decision-making practice, case law, and policy documents, as well as economic and empirical literature on the link between competition and innovation. The book concludes with a proposed framework for the application of the essential facilities doctrine to potential forms of abuse of dominance relating to data. In addition, it makes suggestions as to how data protection interests can be integrated into competition policy. An invaluable contribution to ongoing academic and policy discussions about how data-related competition concerns should be addressed under competition law, the analysis clearly demonstrates how existing competition tools for market definition and assessment of dominance can be applied to online platforms. It will be of immeasurable value to the many jurists, business persons, and academics concerned with this very timely subject.
"The first port of call for anyone looking to truly understand derivatives markets, appreciate the role they play within the global financial system and develop the technical knowledge to trade." Matthew Thompson, Chief Strategy & Business Development Officer, Dubai Mercantile Exchange "An essential read for anyone serious about understanding the impact of derivatives and technology on the global financial market." Kevin Thorogood, Global Head, Investment Banking/Energy Trading, Thunderhead Ltd "We have used Francesca for training on derivatives in the past. She demonstrates a passion for these markets and for learning. In a fast changing world, the combination of technical learning and practical experience that Francesca applies is helpful in keeping abreast of market developments." Rachael Hoey, Director, Business Development, CLS YOUR ESSENTIAL COMPANION TO THE DERIVATIVES MARKETS Mastering Derivatives Markets provides full up-to-the-minute explanations — with worked examples and screen shots — covering the basics of options, swaps and futures across the key asset classes: rates, currency, equity, commodity and credit. This book is relevant to anyone working within the financial markets, from the new entrant to the seasoned trader looking for updates, and to non-trading personnel working in IT, legal, compliance, risk, credit and operations. Please note that the 'look inside' feature is currently displaying the content of Mastering Derivatives Markets Third Edition, this will be updated soon. Mastering Derivatives Markets Fourth Edition has been completely revised and features new chapters on: The most up to date thinking in the market OTC clearing Regulation Benchmarking Electronic futures trading in the FX market New insights into the commodities markets Carbon trading and environmental products
The essential guide to EU competition law for students in one volume; extracts from key cases, academic works, and legislation are paired with incisive critique and commentary from an expert author team. In this fast-paced subject area, the authors carefully highlight the most important cases, legislation, and developments to allow students to navigate the breadth of legislation and case law. With their clear explanations and commentary, the authors provide invaluable support to students as they approach this complex and highly technical area of law. Extracts provide opportunities for students to understand the law in practice, and to see its relevance to business. Indispensable for undergraduate and postgraduate students alike, this is the standalone guide to the competition law of the EU. Online resources: The text is accompanied by online resources containing: -An additional chapter on State Aid -Web links -Updates in the law