Documents on British Policy Overseas: v. 1. The Schuman Plan, the Council of Europe and Western European integration, May 1950-December 1952. v. 2. The London Conferences, Anglo-American relations and Cold War strategy, January-June 1950. v. 3. German rearmament, September-December 1950. v. 4. Korea, June 1950-April 1951

Author: Rohan d'Olier Butler

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112033439552

Category: CD-ROMs

Page: 570

View: 132

Accompanying CD-ROMs, in pockets in Ser. 3, v. 1 and 4, contain ... "fully-searchable facsimile documents, [some] of which are otherwise unavailable to researchers."--Page 4 of cover, Ser. 3, v. 4.
Britain and the Economic Problem of the Cold War

Author: Till Geiger

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351954778

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 370

Many accounts of British development since 1945 have attempted to discover why Britain experienced slower rates of economic growth than other Western European countries. In many cases, the explanation for this phenomenon has been attributed to the high level of defence spending that successive British post-war governments adhered to. Yet is it fair to assume that Britain's relative economic decline could have been prevented if policy makers had not spent so much on defence? Examining aspects of the political economy and economic impact of British defence expenditure in the period of the first cold war (1945-1955), this book challenges these widespread assumptions, looking in detail at the link between defence spending and economic decline. In contrast to earlier studies, Till Geiger not only analyses the British effort within the framework of Anglo-American relations, but also places it within the wider context of European integration. By reconsidering the previously accepted explanation of the economic impact of the British defence effort during the immediate post-war period, this book convincingly suggests that British foreign policy-makers retained a large defence budget to offset a sense of increased national vulnerability, brought about by a reduction in Britain's economic strength due to her war effort. Furthermore, it is shown that although this level of military spending may have slightly hampered post-war recovery, it was not in itself responsible for the decline of the British economy.
Britain and the Origins of the Vietnam War

Author: T. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230591660

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 716

British foreign policy towards Vietnam illustrates the evolution of Britain's position within world geopolitics, 1943-1950. It reflects the change of the Anglo-US relationship from equality to dependence, and demonstrates Britain's changing association with its colonies and with the other European imperial spheres within Southeast Asia.
The Invasion of Afghanistan and UK-Soviet Relations, 1979-1982

Author: Richard Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136325489

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 986

This volume examines British policy towards the Soviet Union in the aftermath of the invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979. The documents in this volume, many released into the public realm for the first time, describe the development of British policy towards the Soviet Union during the eventful years 1979-1982. The new Conservative government, under Margaret Thatcher, was determined to strengthen British defences against the perceived Soviet threat and advocated a strong response to the Soviet intervention. East-West relations further deteriorated following the imposition of martial law in Poland in December 1981. The dilemma facing the British government was how to express strong disapproval of Soviet actions while still attempting to maintain a constructive bilateral relationship, and at the same time keep British policy in line with the Western Alliance. The death of President Brezhnev in November 1982, after 18 years in office, brought uncertainty but also new opportunities for relations with the Soviets. This book will be of much interest to students of British politics and foreign policy, Russian history, US foreign policy, Central Asian politics, and IR in general.
European Recovery and the Search for Western Security, 1946-1948

Author: Gill Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315414157

Category: History

Page: 542

View: 856

This volume documents the British Government’s response from mid-1946 to early 1948 to the twin challenges of economic recovery and the search for a meaningful Western security framework in the face of the increasing polarisation of Europe into Eastern and Western spheres of influence. Although relations between the wartime Big Three allies, the UK, US and USSR, had begun to fracture even before the end of hostilities in 1945, it was during 1947 that the postwar division of Europe became sufficiently alarming to prompt decisive action, under American and British leadership, to promote European economic reconstruction and thereby increase Western security. American leadership took the form of two initiatives, enabled by US economic and military strength: the Truman Doctrine for aid to Greece and Turkey, announced in March 1947, and the Economic Recovery Programme or Marshall Plan, first proposed in June 1947. British leadership, under the personal direction of Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, was shown in two ways: in articulating Western Europe’s need for US help in a way that enabled it to be recognised and then accepted; and in helping to coordinate the European response to the US initiatives to maximise their effectiveness. Documentation on the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan forms the core of the volume, but a wide range of material, including intelligence-related documents, has been chosen to illustrate the multiple challenges faced by the Attlee Government during this period. This book will be of much interest to students of British politics, Cold War History, European History and International Relations.
Future in Retrospect

Author: Yaqing Qin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781938134852

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 892

What were the new People's Republic of China's policies to the Universal Postal Union in its early years? How did they help China promote its national interests in the world stage? Why did China train Albanian interns in the Cold War? Was it out of "communist fraternity" or was it part of China's concerted public diplomacy efforts? And what role has China's medical assistance to developing countries, especially those in Africa, played in its foreign affairs? Penned by well-known international relations scholars from China, the eight essays in this volume attempt to answer those questions and more. Based on rich literature, including some newly declassified files from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this volume introduces some of the most interesting and significant, but lesser-known, episodes in the diplomatic history of the People's Republic of China, and tries to shed light on their implications and impact on China's diplomacy. Contents:Revolutionary Patriotism: China's Policies to the UPU (1950–1951) (Han Changqing and Yao Baihui)A Relook at China's Policy to Assist Vietnam in Its Resistance War Against France (Niu Jun)The Sino-Albania Alliance Revisited: The Role of Ideology in Alliance Formation and Disintegration (Cheng Xiaohe)Diplomatic Commitment and Strategic Communication and Testing: Vance's Visit to China and the Normalization of China–US Diplomatic Relations (Han Changqing and Wu Wencheng)China's Economic Aid to the DPRK after the Sino-Soviet Split (1961–1965) (Dong Jie)Ideology and Public Diplomacy-Interpreting China's Training Program for Albanian Interns during the Cold War (Jiang Huajie)Ideological Output in Technical Assistance: China's Political and Ideological Education towards Vietnamese Interns in China in the Cold War Period (You Lan)Chinese Medical Team Abroad for Assistance: History, Achievement and Impact (Li Anshan) Readership: Students, researchers, and academics who are interested in China's foreign affairs, diplomacy, and diplomatic history.
The Nordic Countries in the Early Cold War, 1944-51

Author: Tony Insall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136809842

Category: History

Page: 441

View: 803

This book is a collection of diplomatic documents describing the development of British relations with the Nordic countries between the end of the Second World War and the defeat of the Labour Government in 1951. The end of the Second World War brought hopes of building a new society in Western Europe. This volume documents Foreign Office concerns about the range of problems, both multilateral and bilateral, which still remained to be resolved in the Nordic area, and describes the evolution of policies to deal with them. The Soviet Union, which in May 1945 already occupied parts of Norway and Denmark and dominated Finland, was perceived as a growing threat. The Nordic region was considered to be of significant strategic importance during this period. The documents describe the process whereby Britain attempted to encourage Scandinavian countries away from their support for neutrality and, by enlisting American support, began the process which led to the signature of the Atlantic Treaty in 1949, signed by Norway, Denmark and Iceland. They also include material describing the establishment of Information Research Department (formed to counteract Soviet propaganda) and illustrating some of its methods. Some documents not previously in the public domain have been declassified for this volume. Most are drawn from the archives of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, but there are also a number of Prime Ministerial and Cabinet Office documents. This book will be of much interest to students of the Cold War, European history, British political history, international history and IR in general.
The Brussels and North Atlantic Treaties, 1947-1949

Author: Tony Insall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134736843

Category: History

Page: 668

View: 169

This volume documents the drafting, negotiation and signature of the treaty that has been the cornerstone of European defence for the past sixty-five years: the North Atlantic Treaty signed in April 1949. The story begins at the end of 1947, when the British Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, became convinced of the need to persuade the United States of America, which had emerged from the Second World War as the pre-eminent global military and economic power and one of the only two superpowers, to underwrite the future security of Western Europe. It progresses through the negotiation of the Brussels Treaty of March 1948—an essential prerequisite to securing American participation in a wider defensive system—and ends with the signature of the North Atlantic Treaty after a series of setbacks, difficulties and security threats. The documents, drawn from the archives of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Cabinet Office and No. 10 (with some transferred into the public domain for the first time), demonstrate how diplomatic skills and determination, inspired by Bevin’s vision, led to a system of collective security that played an indispensable part in the preservation of peace between East and West for the rest of the twentieth century. This book will be of much interest to students of the Cold War, European and American history, British political history, international history and IR in general.
The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 1945-1953

Author: Samuel R. Williamson Jr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137058829

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 321

The United States took almost a decade after Hiroshima and Nagasaki to develop a coherent strategy of nuclear deterrence. This comprehensive study by two careful and well-informed historians provides the best explanation we have of why this process took so long; it also suggests the inherent difficulties of relying on nuclear weapons to provide security in the first place. Required reading for anyone interested in the early history of the nuclear era.
The US, the UN and the Korean War

Author: Robert Barnes

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780857724809

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 316

Military, social and economic historians have long appreciated the significance of the conflict in Korea in shaping the post-war world. The policy of containment was formed, China was established as an important military power, and the US increased its military expenditure fourfold as a result of a conflict which killed over 33,000 Americans. What has been less appreciated is the role played by the United Nations and the British Commonwealth in influencing US strategy at this time of crisis: the Truman administration invested time and effort into gaining UN approval for the conflict in Korea, and the course of the war was adapted to keep UN allies, often holding crucial strategic positions in other Cold War theatres, in tow. Robert Barnes develops a fresh perspective on these fluctuating relationships, the tensions between Washington and its British Commonwealth allies and their impact on the direction of the conflict in order to challenge the common view that the United States was able to use its dominant position within the UN to pursue its Cold War ambitions with impunity. This important new interpretation is supported by evidence from a wealth of sources, from official government records to private papers and memoirs written by the most important American and Commonwealth personalities directly involved in shaping the UN's response to the conflict. This study presents a thorough deconstruction of the decision-making process behind US handling of the Korean War from the outbreak of conflict in 1950 to the Geneva Conference of 1954. This will be essential reading for students of International Relations, Cold War Studies and modern History.