Effective Industrial Membrane Processes: Benefits and Opportunities

Author: M.K. Turner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401136822

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 234

The aim of the Technical Advisory Committee, in planning the c~:>Dtent of this meeting, was to illustrate the range of separation processes in which the use of membranes was practical and effective at an industrial scale. As Professor Strathmann reveals, the market for process equipment built around membranes is now worth about $5x1(f annually, and it seemed important to review this technology, and to point the direction of future technical advances. All but the most critical reader should find some items of interest. The Committee would admit to not fulftlling all of thier aims, although those delegates who attended the meeting in Edinburgh judged it a success. In the event it provided representative examples of processes from the food and beverage industry, from water treatment, and from the chemical industry, of which the removal of alcohol from fermented beverages, shipboard desalination and solvent recovery are three. The major uses of charged membranes and sterile processes are not covered, nor 9 is the largest market, $1.2x10 annually, for artificial kidney dialysis. However, it is interesting to see artificial kidney now finding an alternative use as a reactor for the production of monoclonal antibodies. We are also reminded by Professor Michel of the importance and efficiency of natural membranes in the kidney under conditions where fouling is crucial to their performance and enhances their selectivity.
Nanostructured Polymer Membranes, Volume 2

Author: Visakh P. M.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118831809

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 332

The 2nd volume on applications with discuss the various aspects of state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for gas and vapor separation of polymer membranes, membranes for wastewater treatment, polymer electrolyte membranes and methanol fuel cells, polymer membranes for water desalination, optical, electrochemical and anion/polyanion sensors, polymeric pervaporation membranes, organic-organic separation, biopolymer electrolytes for energy devices, carbon nanoparticles for pervaporation polymeric membranes, and mixed matrix membranes for nanofiltration application.
Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Author: K. Scott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401106276

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 970

Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.
Environmental Water

Author: V.K. Gupta

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 9780444594037

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 751

The world is facing a drinking water crisis. Besides continuous population growth, uneven distribution of water resources and periodic droughts have forced scientists to search for new and effective water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies. Therefore, there is a great need for the development of suitable, inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment and reuse or conservation methods. This title discusses different types of wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling techniques, like adsorption, membrane filtration and reverse osmosis. It also provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies or their combinations for specific applications so that one can select the exact and accurate technology without any problem. The book comprises detailed discussion on the application of various technologies for water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies and provides an update on the development in water treatment, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, bridging the current existing information gap. Each chapter is also documented by references and updated citations. Provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies to industrialists and government authorities for the selection of exact, inexpensive technologies for specific problem solving Discusses the developments of inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling Gives information on the application of analytical techniques, such as GC, LC, IR, and XRF for analysing and measuring water Provides an updated development in water treatment technologies, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, enabling to choose a problem-specific solution Completely updates the current knowledge in this field, bridging the current existing information gap
Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes

Author: Dionisio da Silva Biron

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319586045

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 91

View: 963

This book covers diverse types of ceramic membranes applied in separation processes. The authors present the preparation methods and well as the main application of ceramic membranes. Modules, microfiltration and ultrafiltration are topics described within the text. The final chapter focuses on water and wastewater treatment by membranes separation processes.
Membrane Technology in Water and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Peter Hillis

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781847551351

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 228

Presenting a useful reference to the current state of membrane technology and its likely future growth, this book covers all aspects of the technology and its applications in the water industry. Drawing on the experience of international experts, Membrane Technology in Water and Wastewater Treatment encompasses many practical applications of specific membranes, including MF, UF, NF, RO and EDR, in the treatment of ground and surface water, backwash water, seawater, and industrial and domestic wastewater. Novel applications, process enhancements and the latest systems are also discussed. This book is an excellent guide to membrane technology and will be of great interest to water companies, industrialists, legislative bodies and anyone with an interest in the technology or its applications.
Water Management, Purificaton, and Conservation in Arid Climates, Volume II

Author: Mattheus F. A. Goosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482278828

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 371

View: 511

This three volume series presents a broad and integrated approach to water management, purification, and conservation in arid climates. Volume one includes an introductory chapter on water problems and water resources in arid climates followed by specific chapters covering various aspects of water management. Volumes two and three deal with water p
Engineering Processes for Bioseparations


Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483292106

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 250

View: 745

The use of biotechnology in chemical synthesis offers up numerous advantages to the engineer in the process industries, but it also presents a number of fundamental challenges and difficulties which impinge directly on separation process requirements. The use of biochemical separations has grown significantly during the past decade, and is especially used in process industries such as healthcare and food processing. However it is becoming increasingly more important in areas such as recycling and waste-water treatment and as industry shifts towards cleaner processes biochemical separations will continue to grow. The two main objectives of this book are to focus on the application of existing separation process techniques to the recovery and purification of biologically derived products and to examine the state of knowledge of new techniques which have future potential. Within these objectives the complexities and breadth of problems associated with biological separations are discussed, specific engineering techniques are featured and their adaptation to biochemical separations are highlighted.
Water Management, Purificaton, and Conservation in Arid Climates

Author: Mattheus F. A. Goosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1566767709

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 99

This three volume series presents a broad and integrated approach to water management, purification, and conservation in arid climates. Volume one includes an introductory chapter on water problems and water resources in arid climates followed by specific chapters covering various aspects of water management. Volumes two and three deal with water purification and water conservation, respectively. Many textbooks on water issues normally deal with only one of these areas. This series covers all three areas with an emphasis on the problems faced by arid regions. The three volume series will appeal to industry specialists in desalination and wastewater treatment, irrigation engineers, graduate and undergraduate students in hydrology, water management and conservation professionals, government personnel involved in water resources development, decision makers, environmentalists, employees of the petrochemical industry, and individuals wishing to specialize in water management, purification and conservation.
Membrane and Desalination Technologies

Author: Lawrence K. Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781597452786

Category: Science

Page: 716

View: 515

In this essential new volume, Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies, a panel of expert researchers provide a wealth of information on membrane and desalination technologies. An advanced chemical and environmental engineering textbook as well as a comprehensive reference book, this volume is of high value to advanced graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists, and designers of water and wastewater treatment systems. This is an essential part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series, an incredible collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. Chapters adopt the series format, employing methods of practical design and calculation illustrated by numerical examples, including pertinent cost data whenever possible, and exploring in great detail the fundamental principles of the field. Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies is an essential guide for researchers, highlighting the latest developments in principles of membrane technology, membrane systems planning and design, industrial and municipal waste treatments, desalination requirements, wastewater reclamation, biofiltration, and more.
Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment in Rural Regions

Author: Sarbatly, Rosalam

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799826477

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 820

As a basic human need, water and its treatment are of the utmost importance. However, some rural areas are disadvantaged and have difficulty in effectively treating their water supply, which can affect the health and safety of their region. To protect and defend citizens, research must supply effective and applicable methods in securing the safety and drinkability of water. Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment in Rural Regions is an essential publication that discusses the fabrication and characterization of membranes, processes and operations, and specific applications of membranes on water and wastewater treatment. Moreover, the book discusses selected promising aspects of membrane usage in the industry with a focus on palm oil mill industry, sewage management and treatment, and water treatment in rural areas. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics including membrane processes, water production, and transport resistances, this book is ideally designed for engineers, chemists, environmentalists, public officials, researchers, academicians, students, and industry professionals.
Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook

Author: Munir Cheryan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1566765986

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 550

View: 454

Soon after its publication in 1987, the first edition of Ultrafiltration Handbook became recognized as the leading handbook on ultrafiltration technology. Reviews in professional journals praised it as an authoritative and substantive information resource on this technology. Now a completely, updated and expanded edition is available under the title, Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook. This practical handbook systematically covers the basics of this technology from its scientific fundamentals to a wide range of industrial applications. The presentation is clear and concise with the emphasis on practical use. Many schematics and micrographs illustrate membranes, equipment and processes. Numerous tables and graphs provide useful data on specifications and performance. The updated information is useful to all those involved in the use of separation and filtration in industrial processes.