Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412960526

Category: Social Science

Page: 433

View: 322

Using a lively, informal writing style to address research methods questions, The Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice sheds light on how criminal research is conducted and helps students understand and appreciate the results. This brief textbook, derived from Bachman and Schutt's popular The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Third Edition, offers more concise examples and less coverage of more complex methods than the original. Using both quantitative and qualitative studies, The Fundamentals of Research delineates how each methodology has been used to improve our understanding of criminal justice-related issues. Key Features and Benefits Applies research methodology with plenty of in-depth examples taken from real criminal justice research, helping students better understand the "big picture" of research methods and their policy implications for the field Combines qualitative and quantitative approaches, providing a balanced and complete view of research methods Integrates ethical concerns and ethical decision making throughout the text, encouraging students to appreciate the ethical dilemmas researchers face at each step of the research process Includes extensive end-of-chapter exercises and appendices, with step-by-step procedures for conducting literature reviews and guidance on how to read and analyze research articles
Handbook on Moving Corrections and Sentencing Forward

Author: Pamela K. Lattimore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000204834

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 358

This volume addresses major issues and research in corrections and sentencing with the goal of using previous research and findings as a platform for recommendations about future research, evaluation, and policy. The last several decades witnessed major policy changes in sentencing and corrections in the United States, as well as considerable research to identify the most effective strategies for addressing criminal behavior. These efforts included changes in sentencing that eliminated parole and imposed draconian sentences for violent and drug crimes. The federal government, followed by most states, implemented sentencing guidelines that greatly reduced the discretion of the courts to impose sentences. The results were a multifold increase in the numbers of individuals in jails and prisons and on community supervision—increases that have only recently crested. There were also efforts to engage prosecutors and the courts in diversion and oversight, including the development of prosecutorial diversion programs, as well as a variety of specialty courts. Penal reform has included efforts to understand the transitions from prison to the community, including federal-led efforts focused on reentry programming. Community corrections reforms have ranged from increased surveillance through drug testing, electronic monitoring, and in some cases, judicial oversight, to rehabilitative efforts driven by risk and needs assessment. More recently, the focus has included pretrial reform to reduce the number of people held in jail pending trial, efforts that have brought attention to the use of bail and its disproportionate impact on people of color and the poor. This collection of chapters from leading researchers addresses a wide array of the latest research in the field. A unique approach featuring responses to the original essays by active researchers spurs discussion and provides a foundation for developing directions for future research and policymaking.
Prosecuting Political Violence

Author: Michael Loadenthal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000345827

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 673

This volume unpacks the multidimensional realities of political violence, and how these crimes are dealt with throughout the US judicial system, using a mixed methods approach. The work seeks to challenge the often-noted problems with mainstream terrorism research, namely an overreliance on secondary sources, a scarcity of data-driven analyses, and a tendency for authors not to work collaboratively. This volume inverts these challenges, situating itself within primary-source materials, empirically studied through collaborative, inter-generational (statistical) analysis. Through a focused exploration of how these crimes are influenced by gender, ethnicity, ideology, tactical choice, geography, and citizenship, the chapters offered here represent scholarship from a pool of more than sixty authors. Utilizing a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods, including regression and other forms of statistical analysis, Grounded Theory, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Corpus Linguistics, and Discourse Analysis, the researchers in this book explore not only the subject of political violence and the law but also the craft of research. In bringing together these emerging voices, this volume seeks to challenge expertism, while privileging the empirical. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and political violence, criminology, and US politics.
The Palgrave Handbook of Prison and the Family

Author: Marie Hutton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030127442

Category: Social Science

Page: 525

View: 960

This handbook brings together the international research focussing on prisoners’ families and the impact of imprisonment on them. Under-researched and under-theorised in the realm of scholarship on imprisonment, this handbook encompasses a broad range of original, interdisciplinary and cross-national research. This volume includes the experiences of those from countries often unrepresented in the prisoner’s families’ literature such as Russia, Australia, Israel and Canada. This broad coverage allows readers to consider how prisoners’ families are affected by imprisonment in countries embracing very different penal philosophies; ranging from the hyper-incarceration being experienced in the USA to the less punitive, more welfare-orientated practices under Scandinavian ‘exceptionalism’. Chapters are contributed by scholars from numerous and diverse disciplines ranging from law, nursing, criminology, psychology, human geography, and education studies. Furthermore, contributions span various methodological and epistemological approaches with important contributions from NGOs working in this area at a national and supranational level. The Palgrave Handbook of Prison and the Family makes a significant contribution to knowledge about who prisoners’ families are and what this status means in practice. It also recognises the autonomy and value of prisoners’ families as a research subject in their own right.
Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet D. Bachman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506326696

Category: Social Science

Page: 1202

View: 671

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice: With Selected Readings, by well-known researchers Ronet D. Bachman, Russell K. Schutt, and Peggy S. Plass, is a unique resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice, amply illustrated by carefully selected and edited research articles from the leading journals in the field. Each of these articles features an introduction, written to draw the student’s attention to the specific concept(s) from the chapter that are illustrated in the article, and a series of questions about the article, designed to help the student think critically about and reflect on these concepts. In this way, students not only learn how to conduct research, but also learn why it is important to do so. Building off the widely adopted Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, the additional readings increase students’ understanding of complex issues being investigated in the field today and how those issues are being researched. Additional instructor resources and study tools can be found online at study.sagepub.com/bachmanfrccjsr.
Revitalizing Victimization Theory

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000367928

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 231

Revitalizing Victimization Theory: Revisions, Applications, and New Directions revises some of the major perspectives in victimization theory, applies theoretical perspectives to the victimization of vulnerable populations, and carves out new theoretical territory that is clearly needed but has yet to be developed. With the exception of a handful of isolated works in the mid-twentieth century, theory and research on victimization did not come into its own until the late 1970s with the articulation of lifestyle and routine activity theories. Research conducted within this tradition continues to be an important part of the overall criminological enterprise, and a large body of empirical knowledge has been generated. Nevertheless, theoretical advances in the study of victimization have largely stalled within the field of criminology. Indeed, little in the way of new theoretical headway has been made in well over a decade. This is an ideal time to revitalize victimization theory, and this volume does just that. It is an ambitious project that will hopefully reignite the kinds of theoretical discussions that once held the attention of the field. The work included here will shape the future of victimization theory and research in years to come. This volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.
Fundamentals of Criminal Justice

Author: Steven Barkan

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763754242

Category: Law

Page: 624

View: 351

The criminal justice system is a key social institution pertinent to the lives of citizens everywhere. Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: A Sociological View, Second Edition provides a unique social context to explore and explain the nature, impact, and significance of the criminal justice system in everyday life. This introductory text examines important sociological issues including class, race, and gender inequality, social control, and organizational structure and function.
Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Michael G. Maxfield

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781337517119

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 644

Featuring real-world examples throughout and comprehensive coverage of quantitative and qualitative methods, the market-leading RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY combines the scholarship, accuracy, and conversational tone of Earl Babbie's best-selling THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH with Mike Maxfield's expertise in criminology and criminal justice. Providing the most comprehensive, authoritative introduction to criminal justice research available today -- and enhanced by new examples, research, applications, and built-in study tools -- the eighth edition continues its focus on getting students to DO research. Updates include the latest techniques and technologies for sampling and surveys as well as current methods in content analysis and secondary data analysis. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Criminal Justice and Forensic Science

Author: Lisa Smith

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350306080

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 845

An accessible guide for students across a variety of disciplines who are studying forensic evidence throughout the criminal justice system. Containing up to date and classic case studies, photos and examples, it assumes no prior scientific knowledge to ensure the discussion is clear but comprehensive.