Hate Speech and Human Rights in Eastern Europe

Author: Viera Pejchal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000057690

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 622

Hate Speech and Human Rights. Democracies need to understand these terms to properly adapt their legal frameworks. Regulation of hate speech exposes underlining and sometimes invisible societal values such as security and public order, equality and non-discrimination, human dignity, and other democratic vital interests. The spread of hatred and hate speech has intensified in many corners of the world over the last decade and its regulation presents a conundrum for many democracies. This book presents a three-prong theory describing three different but complementary models of hate speech regulation which allows stakeholders to better address this phenomenon. It examines international and national legal frameworks and related case law as well as pertinent scholarly literature review to highlight this development. After a period of an absence of free speech during communism, post-communist democracies have sought to build a framework for the exercise of free speech while protecting public goods such as liberty, equality and human dignity. The three-prong theory is applied to identify public goods and values underlining the regulation of hate speech in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, two countries that share a political, sociological, and legal history, as an example of the differing approaches to hate speech regulation in post-communist societies due to divergent social values, despite identical legal frameworks. This book will be of great interest to scholars of human rights law, lawyers, judges, government, NGOs, media and anyone who would like to understand values that underpin hate speech regulations which reflect values that society cherishes the most.
Human Rights Responsibilities in the Digital Age

Author: Jonathan Andrew

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509938858

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 442

This book examines the tangled responsibilities of states, companies, and individuals surrounding human rights in the digital age. Digital technologies have a huge impact – for better and worse – on human lives; while they can clearly enhance some human rights, they also facilitate a wide range of violations. States are expected to implement efficient measures against powerful private companies, but, at the same time, they are drawn to technologies that extend their own control over citizens. Tech companies are increasingly asked to prevent violations committed online by their users, yet many of their business models depend on the accumulation and exploitation of users' personal data. While civil society has a crucial part to play in upholding human rights, it is also the case that individuals harm other individuals online. All three stakeholders need to ensure that technology does not provoke the disintegration of human rights. Bringing together experts from a range of disciplines, including law, international relations, and journalism, this book provides a detailed analysis of the impact of digital technologies on human rights, which will be of interest to academics, research students and professionals concerned by this issue.
Ethnicity and Mass Media in South Eastern Europe

Author: Nikolai Genov

Publisher: Lit Verlag

ISBN: STANFORD:36105124027157

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 917

Not the mass media, but other powerful domestic and international factors provoked the ethnic conflicts in South Eastern Europe and determined the paths and mechanisms of their settlement. Nevertheless, it is a proven fact that on various occasions the use of guns was well prepared by hate speech used by the mass media in their coverage of interethnic relations. And vice versa, the efforts to find solutions for interethnic tensions and conflicts have been often facilitated by the moderate or neutral coverage of events by the mass media. Nikolai Genov is professor of sociology at the Free University in Berlin (Germany).
Freedom of Speech

Author: Uladzislau Belavusau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135071981

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 510

This book considers the issue of free speech in transitional democracies focusing on the socio-legal developments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. In showing how these Central and Eastern European countries have engaged with free speech models imported from the Council of Europe / EU and the USA, the book offers valuable insights into the ways States have responded to challenges associated with transformation from communism to Western democracy. The book first explores freedom of expression in European and American law looking particularly at hate speech, historical revisionism, and pornography. It subsequently enquires into the role and perspectives of those European (mandatory) and US-American (persuasive) models for the constitutional debate in Central and Eastern Europe. The study offers an original interpretation of the "European" model of freedom of expression, beyond the mechanisms of the Council of Europe. It encompasses the relevant aspects of EU law (judgments of the Court of Justice and the harmonised EU instruments) as mandatory standards for courts and legislators, including those in transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The book argues for de-criminalisation of historical revisionism and pornography, and illuminates topics such as genocide denial, the rise of Prague and Budapest as Europe’s porno-capitals, anti-Semitism and anti-Gypsyism, religious obscurantism and homophobia, virulent Islamophobia, and the glorification of terrorism. The research methodology in this study combines a descriptive case law assessment (comparative constitutional, public international, and EU law) with a normative critique stemming from post-structuralist scrutiny, rhetoric, postmodern legal movements, legal history, history of ideas, and art criticism. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of, comparative constitutional law, law and society, human rights and European law as well as political philosophers.
Online Political Hate Speech in Europe

Author: Giovanni Ziccardi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788113663

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 425

Thought-provoking and timely, this book addresses the increasingly widespread issue of online political hatred in Europe. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, it examines both the contributions of new technologies, in particular social networks, to the rise of this phenomenon, and the legal and political contexts in which it is taking place. Giovanni Ziccardi also evaluates possible remedies for the situation, including both legal and technological solutions, and outlines the potential for a unified European framework to counter the spread of hatred online.
Racism and Human Rights

Author: Raphael Walden

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401760317

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 228

The topical and thought-provoking articles in this volume have been contributed by leading authorities and discuss some of the key issues currently facing the human rights community. Many were originally circulated by the CCJO as its contribution to the vigorous debate at the World Conference Against Racism. The issues discussed include, among others, human rights and the Security Council, slavery, racism on the internet, and religion and human rights. The Consultative Council of Jewish Organizations (CCJO) was founded in 1946 by the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Rene Cassin, who was also its president for many years. As an NGO in consultative status with the United Nations, it has played an active role in the growth of international human rights, both by participating in UN activities, and by lending its weight to human rights campaigns worldwide. For more information see the website www.ccjo.org.
Freedom of Speech

Author: Uladzislau Belavusau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1138935123

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 574

This book considers the issue of free speech in transitional democracies focusing on the socio-legal developments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. In showing how these Central and Eastern European countries have engaged with free speech models imported from the Council of Europe / EU and the USA, the book offers valuable insights into the ways States have responded to challenges associated with transformation from communism to Western democracy. The book first explores freedom of expression in European and American law looking particularly at hate speech, historical revisionism, and pornography. It subsequently enquires into the role and perspectives of those European (mandatory) and US-American (persuasive) models for the constitutional debate in Central and Eastern Europe. The study offers an original interpretation of the "European" model of freedom of expression, beyond the mechanisms of the Council of Europe. It encompasses the relevant aspects of EU law (judgments of the Court of Justice and the harmonised EU instruments) as mandatory standards for courts and legislators, including those in transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The book argues for de-criminalisation of historical revisionism and pornography, and illuminates topics such as genocide denial, the rise of Prague and Budapest as Europe's porno-capitals, anti-Semitism and anti-Gypsyism, religious obscurantism and homophobia, virulent Islamophobia, and the glorification of terrorism. The research methodology in this study combines a descriptive case law assessment (comparative constitutional, public international, and EU law) with a normative critique stemming from post-structuralist scrutiny, rhetoric, postmodern legal movements, legal history, history of ideas, and art criticism. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of, comparative constitutional law, law and society, human rights and European law as well as political philosophers.
Regulation of Speech in Multicultural Societies

Author: Marcel Maussen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317507819

Category: Social Science

Page: 165

View: 169

This book focuses on the way in which public debate and legal practice intersect when it comes to the value of free speech and the need to regulate "offensive", "blasphemous" or "hate" speech, especially, though not exclusively where such speech is thought to be offensive to members of ethnic and religious minorities. The themes addressed are of great significance for contemporary societies in many parts of the world, including Europe and North America, and although the volume focuses principally on the European context, it also addresses the theme on an international level. Contributions look at the transnational intertextuality of the debate, as well as comparing approaches to regulation in different countries (notably between the European Court of Human Rights and the United States Supreme Court). This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
The Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime

Author: Nathan Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136684364

Category: Social Science

Page: 459

View: 640

This edited collection brings together many of the world's leading experts, both academic and practitioner, in a single volume handbook that examines key international issues in the field of hate crime. Collectively it examines a range of pertinent areas with the ultimate aim of providing a detailed picture of the hate crime 'problem' in different parts of the world. The book is divided into four parts: An examination, covering theories and concepts, of issues relating to definitions of hate crime, the individual and community impacts of hate crime, the controversies of hate crime legislation, and theoretical approaches to understanding offending. An exploration of the international geography of hate, in which each chapter examines a range of hate crime issues in different parts of the world, including the UK, wider Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. Reflections on a number of different perspectives across a range of key issues in hate crime, examining areas including particular issues affecting different victim groups, the increasingly important influence of the Internet, and hate crimes in sport. A discussion of a range of international efforts being utilised to combat hate and hate crime. Offering a strong international focus and comprehensive coverage of a wide range of hate crime issues, this book is an important contribution to hate crime studies and will be essential reading for academics, students and practitioners interested in this field.
Rights Before Courts

Author: Wojciech Sadurski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402030061

Category: Education

Page: 404

View: 363

Challenging the conventional wisdom that constitutional courts are the best device that democratic systems have for the protection of individual rights, Wojciech Sadurski examines carefully the most recent wave of activist constitutional courts: those that have emerged after the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe. In contrast to most other analysts and scholars he does not take for granted that they are a "force for the good", but rather subjects them to critical scrutiny against the background of a wide-ranging comparative and theoretical analysis of constitutional judicial review in the modern world. He shows that, in the region of Central and Eastern Europe, their record in protecting constitutional rights has been mixed, and their impact upon the vibrancy of democratic participation and public discourse about controversial issues often negative. Sadurski urges us to reconsider the frequently unthinking enthusiasm for the imposition of judicial limits upon constitutional democracy. In the end, his reflections go to the very heart of the fundamental dilemma of constitutionalism and political theory: how best to find the balance between constitutionalism and democracy? The lively, if imperfect, democracies in Central and Eastern Europe provide a fascinating terrain for raising this question, and testing traditional answers. This innovative, wide-ranging and thought-provoking book will become essential reading for scholars and students alike in the fields of comparative constitutionalism and political theory, particularly for those with an interest in legal and political developments in the postcommunist world
Language Rights

Author: V. Pupavac

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137284044

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 317

View: 252

Exploring language rights politics in theoretical, historical and international context, this book brings together debates from law, sociolinguistics, international politics, and the history of ideas. The author argues that international language rights advocacy supports global governance of language and questions freedoms of speech and expression.
Human Rights and Citizenship Education

Author: Nektaria Palaiologou

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527522114

Category: Education

Page: 305

View: 248

This volume examines different conceptualizations of ‘human rights’, ‘citizenship’ and ‘interculturalism’, as well as their inter-relationships in different national contexts. This intersection, in its various combinations, is explored theoretically, pedagogically and practically, with the studies investigating whether certain human rights demands reveal patterns that are incompatible with citizenship and multiculturalist claims. Contributions also explore the theoretical and practical bases on which human rights, citizenship and intercultural education should be grounded, as well as how human rights, citizenship and intercultural education can join forces to make policy, practice and research stronger and more robust. The issues explored in this volume continue to feature on policy agendas at local, national and international levels at a time when considerable changes are taking place within and across societies. Particularly in Europe, the current refugee and migration crisis complicates this situation further, creating new, complex challenges for countries and regions, including how to respond productively and justly to the migration of peoples; how to complement existing legal frameworks and modes of governance to face threats to social justice, security and social cohesion of political and civil societies; and how to develop new rights that increase participation in social and political life, especially in groups that are vulnerable and marginalized. As shown here, however, these challenges provide unique opportunities to re-imagine the transformative potential of the intersection among intercultural, human rights and citizenship education in different situations and contexts.