Hazardous waste in the environment is one of the most difficult challenges facing our society. The purpose of this book is to provide a background of the many aspects of hazardous waste, from its sources to its consequences, focusing on the risks posed to human health and the environment. It explains the legislation and regulations surrounding hazardous waste; however, the scope of the book is much broader, discussing agents that are released into the environment that might not be classified as hazardous waste under the regulatory system, but nonetheless pose substantial hazards to human health and the environment. It provides a background of some of the major generators of hazardous wastes, explains the pathways by which humans and wildlife are exposed, and includes discussion of the adverse health effects linked to these pollutants. It provides numerous case studies of hazardous waste mismanagement that have led to disastrous consequences, and highlights the deficiencies in science and regulation that have allowed the public to be subjected to myriad potentially hazardous agents. Finally, it provides a discussion of measures that will need to be taken to control society’s hazardous waste problem. This book was designed to appeal to a wide range of audiences, including students, professionals, and general readers interested in the topic. Provides information about sources of and health risks posed by hazardous waste Explains the legislation and regulations surrounding hazardous waste Includes numerous case studies of mismanagement, highlights deficiencies in science and regulation and discusses measures to tackle society’s hazardous waste problems
Since the publication of the first edition in 1984, the handling and disposal of toxic materials has changed dramatically. To address current developments in the field, this new edition incorporates new material by 13 additional contributors, expanding the original single-authored work by 100 percent. Among the topics covered in this edition are: the Toxic Substances Control Act, SARA and Superfund, fires and explosions in standard and nuclear facilities, personal protective equipment and respiratory equipment, long-term toxicity, medical care and surveillance for hazardous waste workers, aqueous foams, remediation of contaminated sites, and much more. This edition also includes scenarios of mock trials designed to help train lawyers in this specialty.
The amount of hazardous waste in the United States has been estimated at 275 million metric tons in licensed sites alone. Is the health of Americans at risk from exposure to this toxic material? This volume, the first of several on environmental epidemiology, reviews the available evidence and makes recommendations for filling gaps in data and improving health assessments. The book explores: Whether researchers can infer health hazards from available data. The results of substantial state and federal programs on hazardous waste dangers. The book presents the results of studies of hazardous wastes in the air, water, soil, and food and examines the potential of biological markers in health risk assessment. The data and recommendations in this volume will be of immediate use to toxicologists, environmental health professionals, epidemiologists, and other biologists.
The federal Superfund program for cleaning up America's inactive toxic waste sites is noteworthy not only for its enormous cost - $15.2 billion has been authorized thus far - but also for its unique design. The legislation that created Superfund provided the Environmental Protection Agency with a diverse set of policy tools. Preeminent among them is a civil liability scheme that imposes responsibility for multimillion dollar cleanups on businesses and government units linked - even tangentially - to hazardous waste sites. Armed with this potent policy implement, the agency can order the parties who are legally responsible for the toxic substances at a site to clean it up, with large fines and damages for failure to comply. EPA can also offer conciliatory measures to bring about voluntary, privately financed cleanup; or it can launch a cleanup initially paid for by Superfund and later force the responsible parties to reimburse the government. In this book, Thomas W. Church and Robert T. Nakamura provide the first in-depth study of Superfund operations at hazardous waste sites. They examine six Superfund cleanups, including three regions and both 'hard' and 'easy' sites, to ask 'what works?' Based on detailed case studies, the book describes various strategies that have been applied by government regulators and lawyers and the responses to those different strategies by businesses and local government officials. The authors characterize the implementation strategies used by the EPA as prosecution, accommodation, and public works. They point out that the choice of strategy involves setting priorities among Superfund's competing objectives. They conclude that the best implementation strategy is one that considers the context of each site and the particular priorities in each case. Looking toward the reauthorization of Superfund, they also offer recommendations for improvements in the organization of the program and discuss proposals for change in its liability scheme.
An explanation of the hazardous waste regulatory program of the US Environmental Protection Agency. Wagner, senior environmental analyst, Labaat-Anderson, Inc., examines hazardous waste regulations under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, and presents steps a company must take to comply with these laws. Contains extensive appendixes outlining regulatory compliance checklists, information sources, and acronyms. Annotation(c) 2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
The first of its kind, this new book takes a unique look at hazardous wastes. Designed in a compact form, it is an easy-to-understand book on the chemistry and toxicology of hazardous substances and wastes. It begins with a basic coverage of chemistry and biochemistry, environmental chemical processes, and toxicology. Detailed chapters discuss the chemistry and toxicology of inorganic and organic hazardous substances and biohazards. The fully documented text explains procedures for eliminating, detoxifying, and disposing of hazardous wastes with continual reference to their basic chemistry and toxicology. Hazardous Waste Chemistry, Toxicology, and Treatment is an indispensable reference guide for everyone involved with hazardous substances, wastes, toxicology, and basic chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry. This title is an ideal textbook for senior and graduate level courses studying hazardous substances, hazardous wastes, and industrial hygiene.