Evaluating Human Genetic Diversity

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309184746

Category: Science

Page: 102

View: 199

This book assesses the scientific value and merit of research on human genetic differences--including a collection of DNA samples that represents the whole of human genetic diversity--and the ethical, organizational, and policy issues surrounding such research. Evaluating Human Genetic Diversity discusses the potential uses of such collection, such as providing insight into human evolution and origins and serving as a springboard for important medical research. It also addresses issues of confidentiality and individual privacy for participants in genetic diversity research studies.
Genomic Diversity

Author: Surinder Singh Papiha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461542636

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 799

One of the major themes of human population genetics is assaying genetic variation in human populations. The ultimate goal of this objective is to understand the extent of genetic diversity and the use of this knowledge to reconstruct our evolutionary history. The discipline had undergone a revolutionary transition with the advent of molecular techniques in the 1980s. With this shift, statistical methods have also been developed to perceive the biological and molecular basis of human genetic variation. Using the new perspectives gained during the above transition, this volume describes the applications of molecular markers spanning the autosomal, Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial genome in the analysis of human diversity in contemporary populations. This is the first reference book of its kind to bring together data from these diverse sets of markers for understanding evolutionary histories and relationships of modern humans in a single volume.
Genetic Variation and Its Maintenance

Author: Derek F. Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521332575

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 591

This volume considers the genetic variability of human populations, particularly in the tropics: its origins and maintenance, and its contribution to the phenotypic variability of complex characters. The first section deals with the ways of analysing genetic variation and provides a valuable review of relevant developments in molecular biology. The origin and maintenance of genetic diversity is considered in the second section with data presented for Pacific, African, Asian and Central American populations. The final section concerns characters in which the genetic contribution to variability is complex and shows how such characters may be used to elucidate biological problems of affinity and differentiation, of adaptation and survival. Published as part of the Decade of the Tropics research programme of the International Union of Biological Sciences, this volume will be of particular interest to human geneticists, physical and biological anthropologists.
Human Genetic Diversity

Author: Julian C. Knight


ISBN: OCLC:642312278


Page: 432

View: 684

This text describes the progress which has been made in defining the extent and nature of human genetic variation. It provides a framework for understanding how research in this area is revolutionising our knowledge of human origins and the genetic basis of disease, as well as common traits such as obesity.--Résumé de l'éditeur.
Human Biodiversity

Author: Jonathan Marks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351514620

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 476

Are humans unique? This simple question, at the very heart of the hybrid field of biological anthropology, poses one of the false of dichotomies—with a stereotypical humanist answering in the affirmative and a stereotypical scientist answering in the negative. The study of human biology is different from the study of the biology of other species. In the simplest terms, people's lives and welfare may depend upon it, in a sense that they may not depend on the study of other scientific subjects. Where science is used to validate ideas—four out of five scientists preferring a brand of cigarettes or toothpaste—there is a tendency to accept the judgment as authoritative without asking the kinds of questions we might ask of other citizens' pronouncements.
Discuss the distribution of genetic diversity found in human and chimpanzee populations

Author: Christine Langhoff

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783638195263

Category: Science

Page: 10

View: 965

Essay from the year 2002 in the subject Biology - Genetics / Gene Technology, grade: 1.1 (A+), Oxford University (New College), 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the mid-1980s one of the most important studies by Sibley and Ahlquist on our relationship to apes and monkeys found that our closest relatives are the chimpanzees and the bonobos. The study of genetic diversity within both human and chimpanzee populations has been of major interest as researchers have been and are still trying to find out about the differences in genetic diversity between the two otherwise so closely related species. The genetic diversity refers to the amount of genetic variation found in a population. It has been discovered that chimpanzees have a greater total genetic diversity than humans, but that there are exceptions such as in the major histocompatibility complex in which chimpanzees display a low genetic diversity. I am going to explore how the total genetic diversity is surveyed in and distributed among human and chimpanzee populations and I am going to compare their levels of total diversity. I am also going to explore whether different types of polymorphism reveal the same patterns of distribution within and among populations.
Human Evolutionary Genetics

Author: Mark Jobling

Publisher: Garland Pub

ISBN: 0815341482

Category: Nature

Page: 670

View: 832

"Now in full color, this new edition of Human evolutionary genetics has been brought up-to-date with the many advances and discoveries made since the publication of the highly regarded first edition. The focus of the book is human genetic diversity: the mechanisms that generate it, how we study it, its implications in evolution, and its implications today. It will be an invaluable resource for anyone studying human evolution, genetic variation, population genetics, and biological anthropology"--
Genetic Diversity and Human Behavior

Author: J.N. Spuhler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351517928

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 455

Genetic differences in humans, like those between individuals of any animal or plant species and those between species, are all products of the evolutionary development of the living world. These differences, with their behavioral consequences, can only be understood in the light of evolution. Our understanding of evolution, however, has itself evolved. The Darwin- Wallace theory of evolution appeared in the nineteenth century. Since then, development of evolutionary thought has gone through several stages. The contributions in this volume describe those stages.