An Assessment of Cameroons Wind and Solar Energy Potential: A Guide for a Sustainable Economic Development

Author: Bobbo Nfor Tansi

Publisher: Diplomica Verlag

ISBN: 9783842870284

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

View: 302

Cameroon has vast renewable energy resource potentials, with a hydropower potential of about 55, 200MW, second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa. So far, its energy needs are met by 4.8% hydropower (which accounts for less than 5% of its total hydropower potential), 0% wind and 0% solar. Cameroons? energy sector still goes through insufficient electrical energy production, especially during the heart of the dry season, which runs from December through March. Coincidentally, the wind and solar power potentials for Cameroon are at their peak during these months and could conveniently supplement for the shortfalls in generation during these periods. In this research, technical analyses were carried out to determine the wind and solar energy resource potentials for Cameroon using the RETScreen software tool provided by CANMET Canada. These analysis revealed that the northern regions of Cameroon had higher wind and solar resource potentials than any other location in Cameroon. A 2MW installed wind energy capacity would be capable of generating well over 1.5GWh electrical energy per year, while a 2KW installed solar energy capacity will be capable of generating well over 3MWh electrical energy per year. In the final sections, financial analysis were carried out to determine the economic viability of such projects and the possibility for self-financing. Emission analyses were also done based on the ability for such projects to offset greenhouse gas emissions and ensure sustainability in the energy sector. The analysis for Maroua revealed that 78.6tCO2/yr for wind and 0.1tCO2/yr for solar could be reduced by those installations. Finally, the legislations and legal frameworks governing the energy sector in Cameroon were dissected to determine possible weaknesses and constraints limiting the use, promotion and development of the full potential of Cameroon?s renewable energy resources.
Hydropower in the New Millennium

Author: B. Honningsvag

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000108002

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 933

The power sector has undergone a liberalization process both in industrialized and developing countries, involving market regimes, as well as ownership structure. These processes have called for new and innovative concepts, affecting both the operation of existing hydropower plants and transmission facilities, as well as the development and implementation of new projects. At the same time a sharper focus is being placed on environmental considerations. In this context it is important to emphasize the obvious benefits of hydropower as a clean, renewable and sustainable energy source. It is however also relevant to focus on the impact on the local environment during the planning and operation of hydropower plants. New knowledge and methods have been developed that make it possible to mitigate the local undesirable effects of such projects. Development and operation of modern power systems require sophisticated technology. Continuous research and development in this field is therefore crucial to maintaining hydropower as a competitive and environmentally well-accepted form of power generation.
Draft Susitna Hydropower Feasibility Analysis

Author: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Alaska District

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:41701647

Category: Hydroelectric power plants

Page: 64

View: 334

"The function of this environmental assessment is to conduct a systematic and analytical assessment of the environmental impacts, including ways to minimize adverse impacts, related to the field activities of the project feasibility analysis as detailed in the June 1978 'Plan of Study for Susitna Feasibility Analysis.' This project feasibility will consist of engineering, economic, social, and biological studies which are considered necessary to establish the feasibility of developing the upper Susitna hydropower potential."--Page [1].
DC Microgrids

Author: Nikita Gupta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119777595

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 561

The electric grid is on the threshold of a paradigm shift. In the past few years, the picture of the grid has changed dramatically due to the introduction of renewable energy sources, advancements in power electronics, digitalization, and other factors. All these megatrends are pointing toward a new electrical system based on Direct Current (DC). DC power systems have inherent advantages of no harmonics, no reactive power, high efficiency, over the conventional AC power systems. Hence, DC power systems have become an emerging and promising alternative in various emerging applications, which include distributed energy sources like wind, solar and Energy Storage System (ESS); distribution networks; smart buildings, remote telecom systems; and transport electrification like electric vehicles (EVs) and shipboard. All these applications are designed at different voltages to meet their specific requirements individually because of the lack of standardization. Thus, the factors influencing the DC voltages and system operation needed to be surveyed and analyzed, which include voltage standards, architecture for existing and emerging applications, topologies and control strategies of power electronic interfaces, fault diagnosis and design of the protection system, optimal economical operation, and system reliability. This groundbreaking new volume presents these topics and trends of DC microgrids, bridging the research gap on DC microgrid architectures, control and protection challenges to enable wide-scale implementation of energy-efficient DC microgrids. Whether for the veteran engineer or the student, this is a must-have for any library.
Future Energy

Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780081028872

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 822

View: 357

Future Energy: Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for Our Planet, Third Edition provides scientists and decision-makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions necessary for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The third edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 40 chapters on all aspects of future energy, with each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools needed to make informed decisions Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts from each particular field Includes many new chapters that cover topics on conventional oil and fossil fuels, a new section on energy storage, and a look at new energy
Comprehensive Energy Systems

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128149256

Category: Science

Page: 5540

View: 490

Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language
Development of Water Resources in India

Author: Vikas Garg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319551258

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 537

View: 819

This proceedings volume, with more than 30 chapters, is based on the presentations given at the National Conference on Water Resources and Hydropower (WRHP-2016) and represents the state-of-the-art in water resources in India. It includes experimental investigations, field studies, theoretical developments, numerical methods, as well as engineering achievements in water resources. The contributions are organised under four main topics: • Water Resources and Management: covers the issues related to water resources planning and management, water conservation, flood mitigation, policies and governance, conflict over rivers and planning of groundwater evolution, Assessment of Sedimentation, Surface water quality, Rainfall assessment, • Climate Change and Global Warming: includes chapters on the impact of climate on water resources and groundwater, hydrological impacts of climate change, Ground Water Contaminants, Assessment of Evaporation and evapotranspiration effects on global warming • Hydraulic Structures: presents contributions on fluvial hydraulics,flow through Weirs, Open Channel flow, river flood control, scour and erosion, dam and dowstream block failures and protection, Losses in pipes By combining these topics, the book provides a valuable resource for practitioners and researchers, including field engineers, academicians, planners, health specialists, disaster managers, decision makers and policy makers engaged in various aspects of water resources and hydropower. The WRHP-2016 was organised in association with the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttrakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited and the Indian Society for Hydraulics, Pune and was held in University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India from June 17-18, 2016.
Geospatial Technology for Water Resource Applications

Author: Prashant K. Srivastava

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315353821

Category: Nature

Page: 326

View: 456

This book advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of geospatial technologies related to water resource management. It presents recent developments and applications specifically by utilizing new earth observation datasets such as TRMM/GPM, AMSR E/2, SMOS, SMAP and GCOM in combination with GIS, artificial intelligence, and hybrid techniques. By linking geospatial techniques with new satellite missions for earth and environmental science, the book promotes the synergistic and multidisciplinary activities of scientists and users working in the field of hydrological sciences.