Indigenous Language Revitalization in the Americas

Author: Serafin Coronel-Molina

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415810817

Category: America

Page: 320

View: 478

As a field of study and a social practice, language revitalization has grown exponentially in tandem with escalating language endangerment throughout the world. This volume examines the current state of Indigenous language revitalization in the Americas. Focusing on the Americas, home to 15 percent of the world’s Indigenous population, it explores past and recent language revitalization research and initiatives across this vast territory, including "top-down" (official) and "bottom-up" (grassroots) language planning and policy. The book is organized thematically and regionally, with complementary chapters representing work in Canada, the U.S., and the circumpolar North, and in Latin America and the Caribbean. Offering state-of-the-art scholarship and analysis of practice in Indigenous language revitalization throughout the hemisphere, this singular collection, with chapters by both established and emerging scholars – Indigenous and non-Indigenous, all with strong expertise in their topic – is an invaluable resource to widen the research horizon and deepen regional and cross-regional perspectives on language revitalization for Indigenous peoples.
Indigenous Language Revitalization in the Americas

Author: Serafín M. Coronel-Molina

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135092351

Category: Education

Page: 330

View: 537

Focusing on the Americas – home to 40 to 50 million Indigenous people – this book explores the history and current state of Indigenous language revitalization across this vast region. Complementary chapters on the USA and Canada, and Latin America and the Caribbean, offer a panoramic view while tracing nuanced trajectories of "top down" (official) and "bottom up" (grass roots) language planning and policy initiatives. Authored by leading Indigenous and non-Indigenous scholars, the book is organized around seven overarching themes: Policy and Politics; Processes of Language Shift and Revitalization; The Home-School-Community Interface; Local and Global Perspectives; Linguistic Human Rights; Revitalization Programs and Impacts; New Domains for Indigenous Languages Providing a comprehensive, hemisphere-wide scholarly and practical source, this singular collection simultaneously fills a gap in the language revitalization literature and contributes to Indigenous language revitalization efforts.
A World of Indigenous Languages

Author: Teresa L. McCarty

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781788923088

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 549

Spanning Indigenous settings in Africa, the Americas, Aotearoa/New Zealand, Australia, Central Asia and the Nordic countries, this book examines the multifaceted language reclamation work underway by Indigenous peoples throughout the world. Exploring political, historical, ideological, and pedagogical issues, the book foregrounds the decolonizing aims of contemporary Indigenous language movements inside and outside of schools. Many authors explore language reclamation in their own communities. Together, the authors call for expanded discourses on language planning and policy that embrace Indigenous ways of knowing and forefront grassroots language reclamation efforts as a force for Indigenous sovereignty, social justice, and self-determination. This volume will be of interest to scholars, educators and students in applied linguistics, Ethnic/Indigenous Studies, education, second language acquisition, and comparative-international education, and to a broader audience of language educators, revitalizers and policymakers.
A History of the Study of the Indigenous Languages of North America

Author: Marcin Kilarski

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027258977

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 443

View: 580

The languages indigenous to North America are characterized by a remarkable genetic and typological diversity. Based on the premise that linguistic examples play a key role in the origin and transmission of ideas within linguistics and across disciplines, this book examines the history of approaches to these languages through the lens of some of their most prominent properties. These properties include consonant inventories and the near absence of labials in Iroquoian languages, gender in Algonquian languages, verbs for washing in the Iroquoian language Cherokee and terms for snow and related phenomena in Eskimo-Aleut languages. By tracing the interpretations of the four examples by European and American scholars, the author illustrates their role in both lay and professional contexts as a window onto unfamiliar languages and cultures, thus allowing a more holistic view of the history of language study in North America.
Language Planning and Policy in Native America

Author: Teresa L. McCarty

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847698650

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 297

View: 205

Comprehensive in scope and rich in detail, this book explores language planning, language education, and language policy for diverse Native American peoples across time, space, and place. Based on long-term collaborative and ethnographic work with Native American communities and schools, the book examines the imposition of colonial language policies against the fluorescence of contemporary community-driven efforts to revitalize threatened mother tongues. Here, readers will meet those who are on the frontlines of Native American language revitalization every day. As their efforts show, even languages whose last native speaker is gone can be reclaimed through family-, community-, and school-based language planning. Offering a critical-theory view of language policy, and emphasizing Indigenous sovereignties and the perspectives of revitalizers themselves, the book shows how language regenesis is undertaken in social practice, the role of youth in language reclamation, the challenges posed by dominant language policies, and the prospects for Indigenous language and culture continuance current revitalization efforts hold.
Language Planning and Policy in Native America

Author: T. L. McCarty

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847698629

Category: Education

Page: 297

View: 516

Comprehensive in scope yet full of ethnographic detail, this book examines the history of language policy by and for Native Americans, and contemporary language revitalization initiatives. Offering a critical-theory view and emphasizing the perspectives of revitalizers themselves, the book explores innovative language regenesis projects, the role of Indigenous youth in language reclamation, and prospects for Native American language and culture continuance.
The Oxford Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

Author: James W. Tollefson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190458904

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 656

View: 951

This Handbook provides a state-of-the-art account of research in language policy and planning (LPP). Through a critical examination of LPP, the Handbook offers new direction for a field in theoretical and methodological turmoil as a result of the socio-economic, institutional, and discursive processes of change taking place under the conditions of Late Modernity. Late Modernity refers to the widespread processes of late capitalism leading to the selective privatization of services (including education), the information revolution associated with rapidly changing statuses and functions of languages, the weakening of the institutions of nation-states (along with the strengthening of non-state actors), and the fragmentation of overlapping and competing identities associated with new complexities of language-identity relations and new forms of multilingual language use. As an academic discipline in the social sciences, LPP is fraught with tensions between these processes of change and the still-powerful ideological framework of modern nationalism. It is an exciting and energizing time for LPP research. This Handbook propels the field forward, offering a dialogue between the two major historical trends in LPP associated with the processes of Modernity and Late Modernity: the focus on continuity behind the institutional policies of the modern nation-state, and the attention to local processes of uncertainty and instability across different settings resulting from processes of change. The Handbook takes great strides toward overcoming the long-standing division between "top-down" and "bottom-up" analysis in LPP research, setting the stage for theoretical and methodological innovation. Part I defines alternative theoretical and conceptual frameworks in LPP, emphasizing developments since the ethnographic turn, including: ethnography in LPP; historical-discursive approaches; ethics, normative theorizing, and transdisciplinary methods; and the renewed focus on socio-economic class. Part II examines LPP against the background of influential ideas about language shaped by the institutions of the nation-state, with close attention to the social position of minority languages and specific communities facing profound language policy challenges. Part III investigates the turmoil and tensions that currently characterize LPP research under conditions of Late Modernity. Finally, Part IV presents an integrative summary and directions for future LPP research.
Handbook of Heritage, Community, and Native American Languages in the United States

Author: Terrence G. Wiley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136332494

Category: Education

Page: 424

View: 212

Co-published by the Center for Applied Linguistics Timely and comprehensive, this state-of-the-art overview of major issues related to heritage, community, and Native American languages in the United States, based on the work of noted authorities, draws from a variety of perspectives—the speakers; use of the languages in the home, community, and wider society; patterns of acquisition, retention, loss, and revitalization of the languages; and specific education efforts devoted to developing stronger connections with and proficiency in them. Contributions on language use, programs and instruction, and policy focus on issues that are applicable to many heritage language contexts. Offering a foundational perspective for serious students of heritage, community, and Native American languages as they are learned in the classroom, transmitted across generations in families, and used in communities, the volume provides background on the history and current status of many languages in the linguistic mosaic of U.S. society and stresses the importance of drawing on these languages as societal, community, and individual resources, while also noting their strategic importance within the context of globalization.
Engaging Native American Publics

Author: Paul V. Kroskrity

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317361282

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 493

Engaging Native American Publics considers the increasing influence of Indigenous groups as key audiences, collaborators, and authors with regards to their own linguistic documentation and representation. The chapters critically examine a variety of North American case studies to reflect on the forms and effects of new collaborations between language researchers and Indigenous communities, as well as the types and uses of products that emerge with notions of cultural maintenance and linguistic revitalization in mind. In assessing the nature and degree of change from an early period of "salvage" research to a period of greater Indigenous "self-determination," the volume addresses whether increased empowerment and accountability has truly transformed the terms of engagement and what the implications for the future might be.
American Indians at Risk [2 volumes]

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313397653

Category: Social Science

Page: 811

View: 123

This essential reference work enables a deeper understanding of contemporary challenges in the lives of American Indians and Alaskan Natives today, carefully reviewing their unique problems and proposing potential solutions. • Provides a current and comprehensive analysis of contemporary problems facing American Indians • Documents the challenges of American Indians, identifies how they are qualitatively different from those of other minority groups in the United States, and presents potential solutions • Evaluates the effectiveness of both proposed and implemented solutions to problems in American Indian culture • Written by experts on American Indian affairs, including many who have lived, worked, and taught in Indian country, and are American Indians themselves