Language, Dementia and Meaning Making

Author: Heidi E. Hamilton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030120214

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 108

This book investigates the ways in which context shapes how cognitive challenges and strengths are navigated and how these actions impact the self-esteem of individuals with dementia and their conversational partners. The author examines both the language used and face maintenance in everyday social interaction through the lens of epistemic discourse analysis. In doing so, this work reveals how changes in cognition may impact the faces of these individuals, leading some to feel ashamed, anxious, or angry, others to feel patronized, infantilized, or overly dependent, and still others to feel threatened in both ways. It further examines how discursive choices made by healthy interactional partners can minimize or exacerbate these feelings. This path-breaking work will provide important insights for students and scholars of sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, medical anthropology, and health communication.
Dementia of the Alzheimer type. Language of the elderly

Author: Sebastian Putzier

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668244535

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 23

View: 801

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,3, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald (Institut für Anglistik/ Amerikanistik), course: Language, Mind and Brain, language: English, abstract: What is to be examined in this paper is the overview of the current research status about language pathology in Alzheimer’s disease. The errors of the language system, visible in the lexicon, semantics, lexical semantics, syntax, etc. in reading, writing and spelling of concerned people will be examined. Furthermore, the neuropathological view on the Alzheimer brain will be explained. In between the last fifteen years, dementia has become one of the main causes of death in industrialized countries. Each year from 1996 to 2006 more than 50-60 percent of the elderly in Germany, Switzerland, Great Britain and the United States of America died of a sort of dementia. Researchers examine disease patterns of dementia and claim coherence between the lifespan of people and the outbreak of dementia diseases. Of course, statistics point out that over the last hundred years the expectancy of life of newborns rose in Germany from 44.8 percent for boys and 48.3 percent for girls in 1901 up to 74.4 percent for boys and 80.5 percent for girls in 1998. Also the lifespan of people aged 60 years and older has risen from 13.1 (males) and 14.2 (females) percent up to 18.9 (males) and 23.2 (females) percent in 1998. Neuropathologists have been working for more than fifty years to examine and catalogue each variety of the dementia diseases, which becomes more and more difficult as specialized braincast equipments and specific knowledge are updated steadily. Since 1994 the 21st September is declared World Alzheimer's DayTM. At this special day of the year, Alzheimer associations prepare information materials and concentrate all their efforts on raising attention about dementia in the eyes of governments, society, medical professionals and people with dementia, their relatives and caregivers.
Dialogue and Dementia

Author: Robert W. Schrauf

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317916611

Category: Psychology

Page: 292

View: 744

This volume takes the positive view that conversation between persons with dementia and their interlocutors is a privileged site for ongoing cognitive engagement. The book aims to identify and describe specific linguistic devices or strategies at the level of turn-by-turn talk that promote and extend conversation, and to explore real-world engagements that reflect these strategies. Final reflections tie these linguistic strategies and practices to wider issues of the "self" and "agency" in persons with dementia. Thematically, the volume fosters an integrated perspective on communication and cognition in terms of which communicative resources are recognized as cognitive resources, and communicative interaction is treated as reflecting cognitive engagement. This reflects perspectives in cognitive anthropology and cognitive science that regard human cognitive activity as distributed and culturally rooted. This volume is intended for academic researchers and advanced students in applied linguistics, linguistic and medical anthropology, nursing, and social gerontology; and practice professionals in speech-language pathology and geropsychology.
Language Barriers and Dementia. Reflection

Author: Zoltan Mursa

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783346303707

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 15

View: 125

Academic Paper from the year 2019 in the subject Health - Nursing Science - Dementia, grade: 80, University of Derby, language: English, abstract: This assignment aims to critically evaluate nurses’ attitudes related to language barriers in the context of communication with people with dementia. Furthermore, a need is felt to reflect on how such attitudes hinder positive practice when communicating with people possessing limited English proficiency and to identify the extent to which nurses take into consideration peoples’ cultures, norms and values. To understand the implications that may arise when professionals display certain attitudes towards people with dementia and limited English language, this assignment will take the form of a reflection which is an important part of nursing practice. Dementia appears to be a major worldwide concern as figures suggest a rapid increase in the number of people diagnosed with this illness. According to Atkins et al (2012), in 2012 almost 25 million people around the globe were diagnosed with dementia and it is expected that by 2040 this number will almost triple. Moreover, World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 estimated that almost 47 million people were considered to have dementia and this number will continue to grow (WHO, 2017). These figures imply huge costs for society. In fact, Knapp et al. (2014) suggests that in the UK the cost of dementia rose to £26 billion per year.
The Dynamics of Dementia Communication

Author: Alison Wray

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190917807

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 352

View: 413

"This book asks why that is. What is it about communication, as a human social and cognitive practice, that makes it so difficult to manage the disruptions caused by dementia? Why is it so common to feel awkward, confused or irritated when talking with a person living with a dementia? Why is the experience of living with a dementia so personally and socially devastating? What approaches to communication would work best, and why?"--
Speech and Language Disorders in Bilinguals

Author: Alfredo Ardila

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1600215602

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 246

View: 358

During the last years a significant number of papers, books, and monographs devoted to speech and language impairments in bilingual children have been published. Different aspects and questions have been approached and today we have a relatively good understanding of the specific characteristics of the speech and language difficulties potentially observed in bilingual and multilingual children. This interest has been significantly resulted from the potential developmental and educational consequences of bilingualism. Our understanding of the communication disorders in adult populations is notoriously more limited, even though over 50% of the adult population can speak at least another language in addition to his/her native language. That simply means that over 50% of the communication disorders observed in adults are bilingual speech and language disorders: bilingual aphasias, bilingual dementias, bilingual stuttering, etc. This book was written with the specific purpose of filling this gap. The major purpose of this book has been to integrate the state of the art on the different aspects of the communication disorders observed in adult bilinguals. The book is organised in such a way that an integrated perspective of bilingualism is presented: from the normal conditions to the pathology; from the clinical descriptions to the rehabilitation issues; from the biological factors to the cultural variables.
Communication Disability in the Dementias

Author: Karen Bryan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470034538

Category: Medical

Page: 354

View: 471

This book focuses on language and communication issues with older people with mental health problems. Radically revised and updated from the authors’ earlier book, “Communication Disability and the Psychiatry of Old Age”, this book recognizes that language and communication is not just the business of speech and language therapy but is relevant to all staff involved with people who have mental health difficulties. This book focuses on what older people with mental health difficulties require to maintain their independence and to minimize the effects of degenerative disease processes for as long as possible from a speech and language perspective. Relevant to all members of the multidisciplinary team involved within older people’s mental health services Each chapter is evidence-based and factual Reflects the substantial advances in the diagnosis and treatment of dementias
Pragmatics in Dementia Discourse

Author: Boyd H. Davis

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443863759

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 295

View: 892

Alison Wray notes that “Alzheimer’s Disease affects language in many different ways. Directly, language processing is undermined by damage to the language areas of the brain. Indirectly, language is compromised by short term memory loss, distortions in perception, and disturbed semantic representation . . . All of this makes AD an obvious focus of interest for linguists and in particular, those interested in the field of pragmatics – yet a striking amount of what is published about AD language is written by non-linguists. AD language is independently researched in at least psychology, neuroscience, sociology, clinical linguistics and nursing. Each discipline has its own methods, theories, assumptions and values, which affect the research questions asked, the empirical approach taken in answering them, and how the evidence is interpreted. Without a more reliable holistic picture informed by linguistic and applied linguistic theory and methods, approaches to diagnosis and care risk being constrained, and may result in a less than satisfactory experience for all those whose daily life involves the direct or indirect experience of AD.” This book is an attempt to address some of the above issues noted by bringing together a group of researchers whose work focuses on interaction in the context of dementia. The authors represent the fields of linguistics, clinical linguistics, nursing, and speech pathology, and each chapter draws on methods associated with discourse analysis and pragmatics to examine how people with dementia utilize language in the presence of cognitive decline. In addition, the book seeks to generate academic discussion on how researchers can move forward to focus greater attention on this topic. In particular, this collection will inspire researchers involved in mainstream theoretical linguistics and pragmatics to turn their attention to the discourse of dementia and investigate what it has to say about our knowledge of language theories, and, in addition, to challenge what we know about ourselves as subjective beings.
Keeping Love Alive as Memories Fade

Author: Gary Chapman

Publisher: Moody Publishers

ISBN: 9780802494412

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 240

View: 712

Across America and around the world, the five love languages have revitalized relationships and saved marriages from the brink of disaster. Can they also help individuals, couples, and families cope with the devastating diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD)? Coauthors Chapman, Shaw, and Barr give a resounding yes. Their innovative application of the five love languages creates an entirely new way to touch the lives of the five million Americans who have Alzheimer’s, as well as their fifteen million caregivers. At its heart, this book is about how love gently lifts a corner of dementia’s dark curtain to cultivate an emotional connection amid memory loss. This collaborative, groundbreaking work between a healthcare professional, caregiver, and relationship expert will: Provide an overview of the love languages and Alzheimer’s disease, correlate the love languages with the developments of the stages of AD, discuss how both the caregiver and care receiver can apply the love languages, address the challenges and stresses of the caregiver journey, offer personal stories and case studies about maintaining emotional intimacy amidst AD. Keeping Love Alive as Memories Fade is heartfelt and easy to apply, providing gentle, focused help for those feeling overwhelmed by the relational toll of Alzheimer’s. Its principles have already helped hundreds of families, and it can help yours, too.