Photocatalytic nanomaterials have a great potential in such applications as reduction of carbon dioxide and degradation of various pollutants. They are equally important in the production and storage of energy, e.g. in the conversion of solar energy to electricity, and the production of hydrogen in photoelectrochemical cells. Research on synthesis, characterization and specific applications is reported for titanium oxide and a number of other promising catalysts, such as silver phosphate, cerium oxide, zinc oxide and zinc sulfide.
Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials: Environmental Health and Safety discusses the reactive properties of FNMs used in a range of applications, and their toxic impact on the environment. Nanomaterials have unique properties that can make them highly reactive. This reactivity can cause unwanted interactions with living cells, an increase in oxidative stress or damage to genetic material - resulting in damage to the environment and local wildlife. This negative impact is often further increased after surface functionalization of nanomaterials with other materials which offer unique properties of their own. To ensure environmental safety and ecological balance, rigorous toxicity testing of functionalized nanomaterials (FNMs) is necessary. This book discusses the toxicological uncertainties of FNMs and the limitations of FNMs in a range of applications. Later chapters propose methods to reliably assess the harm that functionalized nanomaterials can cause to the environment and wildlife, as well covering recent developments in the field of environmental health safety. The book concludes with a discussion on the future prospects of safe functionalized nanomaterials. Offers a novel, integrated approach, bridging the gap between FNMs and environmental health and safety Analyses the reactive properties of FNMs and their toxicological potential Provides an in-depth look at the impact of functionalized nanomaterials on the environment
The book describes the basic principles of transforming nano-technology into nano-engineering with a particular focus on chemical engineering fundamentals. This book provides vital information about differences between descriptive technology and quantitative engineering for students as well as working professionals in various fields of nanotechnology. Besides chemical engineering principles, the fundamentals of nanotechnology are also covered along with detailed explanation of several specific nanoscale processes from chemical engineering point of view. This information is presented in form of practical examples and case studies that help the engineers and researchers to integrate the processes which can meet the commercial production. It is worth mentioning here that, the main challenge in nanostructure and nanodevices production is nowadays related to the economic point of view. The uniqueness of this book is a balance between important insights into the synthetic methods of nano-structures and nanomaterials and their applications with chemical engineering rules that educates the readers about nanosclale process design, simulation, modelling and optimization. Briefly, the book takes the readers through a journey from fundamentals to frontiers of engineering of nanoscale processes and informs them about industrial perspective research challenges, opportunities and synergism in chemical Engineering and nanotechnology. Utilising this information the readers can make informed decisions on their career and business.
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) uniquely combine superparamagnetic performance with dimensions that are smaller than or similar size to molecular analytes. Recently, functionalized MNPs are predicted to be a driver for technology and business in this century and hold the promise of high performance materials that will significantly influence all aspects of society. Functionalized MNPs are creating new possibilities for development and innovation in different analytical procedures. Despite their participation in modern development, they are in their infancy and largely unexplored for their practical applications in analysis. This book will provide quality research and practical guidance to analytical scientists, researchers, engineers, quality control experts and laboratory specialists. It covers applications of functionalized MNPs in all stages of analytical procedures. Their incorporation has opened new possibilities for sensing, extraction and detection enabling an increase in sensitivity, magnifying precision and improvement in the detection limit of modern analysis. Toxicity, safety, risk, and legal aspects of functionalized MNPs and the future of analytical chemistry with respect to their use is covered. The book provides an integrated approach for advanced analytical methods and techniques for postgraduates and researchers looking for a reference outlining new and advanced techniques surrounding the applications of functionalized nanomaterials in analytical chemistry.
Nanotechnology has developed remarkably in recent years and, applied in the food industry, has allowed new industrial advances, the improvement of conventional technologies, and the commercialization of products with new features and functionalities. This progress offers the potential to increase productivity for producers, food security for consumers and economic growth for industries. Food Applications of Nanotechnology presents the main advances of nanotechnology for food industry development. The fundamental concepts of the technique are presented, followed by examples of application in several sectors, such as the enhancement of flavor, color and sensory characteristics; the description of the general concepts of nano-supplements, antimicrobial nanoparticles and other active compounds into food; and developments in the field of packaging, among others. In addition, this work updates readers on the industrial development and the main regulatory aspects for the safety and commercialization of nanofoods. Features: Provides a general overview of nanotechnology in the food industry Discusses the current status of the production and use of nanomaterials as food additives Covers the technological developments in the areas of flavor, color and sensory characteristics of food and food additives Reviews nanosupplements and how they provide improvements in nutritional functionality Explains the antibacterial properties of nanoparticles for food applications This book will serve food scientists and technologists, food engineers, chemists and innovators working in food or ingredient research and new product development. Gustavo Molina is associate professor at the UFVJM (Diamantina—Brazil) in Food Engineering and head of the Laboratory of Food Biotechnology and conducts scientific and technical research. His research interests are focused on industrial biotechnology. Dr. Inamuddin is currently working as assistant professor in the chemistry department of Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He is also a permanent faculty member (assistant professor) at the Department of Applied Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. He has extensive research experience in multidisciplinary fields of analytical chemistry, materials chemistry, and electrochemistry and, more specifically, renewable energy and environment. Prof. Abdullah M. Asiri is professor of organic photochemistry and has been the head of the chemistry department at King Abdulaziz University since October 2009, as well as the director of the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) since 2010. His research interest covers color chemistry, synthesis of novel photochromic and thermochromic systems, synthesis of novel coloring matters and dyeing of textiles, materials chemistry, nanochemistry and nanotechnology, polymers, and plastics. Franciele Maria Pelissari graduated in Food Engineering; earned her master’s degree (2009) at the University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Brazil; and her PhD (2013) at the University of Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, Brazil. Since 2013, she has been associate professor at the Institute of Science and Technology program at the Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri (UFVJM), Diamantina, Brazil, in Food Engineering, and also full professor in the graduate program in Food Science and Technology.
Exponential growth in population and improved standards of living demand increasing amount of freshwater and are putting serious strain on the quantity of naturally available freshwater worldwide. Water Management: Social and Technological Perspectives discusses developments in energy-efficient water production, management, wastewater treatment, and social and political aspects related to water management and re-use of treated water. It features a scientific and technological perspective to meeting current and future needs, discussing such technologies as membrane separation using reverse osmosis, the use of nanoparticles for adsorption of impurities from wastewater, and the use of thermal methods for desalination. The book also discusses increasing the efficiency of water usage in industrial, agricultural, and domestic applications to ensure a sustainable system of water production, usage, and recycling. With 30 chapters authored by internationally renowned experts, this work offers readers a comprehensive view of both social and technological outlooks to help solve this global issue.
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Technology & Engineering
The design and study of materials is a pivotal component to new discoveries in the various fields of science and technology. By better understanding the components and structures of materials, researchers can increase its applications across different industries. Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a compendium of the latest academic material on investigations, technologies, and techniques pertaining to analyzing the synthesis and design of new materials. Through its broad and extensive coverage on a variety of crucial topics, such as nanomaterials, biomaterials, and relevant computational methods, this multi-volume work is an essential reference source for engineers, academics, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking innovative perspectives in the field of materials science and engineering.
This book covers nanomaterials in tissue engineering for regenerative therapies of heart, skin, eye, skeletal muscle, and the nervous system. The book emphasizes fundamental design concepts and emerging forms of nanomaterials in soft- and hard-tissue engineering. FEATURES Fills a gap in the literature related to the application of nanomaterials in hard- and soft-tissue regeneration, repair, and restructure Discusses a variety of applications, including cardiac, kidney, liver, bone, wound healing, artificial organs, and dental Presents advantages and limitations of various nanomaterials alongside future challenges Functional Nanomaterials for Regenerative Tissue Medicines is essential for academics and industry professionals working in tissue engineering, biomedicine, biopharmaceuticals, and nanotechnology. It is primarily intended for materials researchers (to develop the platforms related to tissue regeneration) as well as clinicians (to learn and apply nanomaterials in their practice) and industrial scientists (to develop commercial blood substitute products).
This book explores the development of nanopesticides and tests of their biological activity against target organisms. It also covers the effects of nanopesticides in the aquatic and terrestrial environments, along with related subjects including fate, behaviour, mechanisms of action and toxicity. Moreover, the book discusses the potential risks of nanopesticides for non-target organisms, as well as regulatory issues and future perspectives.
Size Up the Short- and Long-Term Effects of GrapheneThe Graphene Science Handbook is a six-volume set that describes graphene's special structural, electrical, and chemical properties. The book considers how these properties can be used in different applications (including the development of batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic cells, and supercapac