Minerals, Energy, and Economic Development in China

Author: James P. Dorian

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UCSD:31822016613499

Category: Mineral industries

Page: 312

View: 187

China possesses one of the world's largest mining industries, and since 1949 the production of minerals and energy has played a critical role in its economic development. This is the only comprehensive source of information on China's mining sector available today. It presents a wealth of descriptive material, provides a detailed economic analysis of the industry and its role in China's industrialization process. James Dorian examines the history, practices, organizational structure, performance criteria, and constraints of the mining industry, than broadens his study to look at the interaction of the mining industry with other sectors of the Chinese economy. He argues that the growth of the mining industry in China has been instrumental to the nation's economic expansion, and analyzes its possible future after the recent industrial reforms.
Chinese energy and mineral resource development

Author: Herbert Ralph Boeker

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:10613220

Category: Mines and mineral resources

Page: 298

View: 913

China is a country with a large potential for energy and mineral development. Although China is a small factor in world trade, there is a stated commitment to increase mineral commodity exports. The extent of China's resources is not readily apparent, due to incomplete exploration, and failure of the Chinese to fully disclose their mineral resources and reserves data to outsiders. The potential for development must be compared with the likelihood of increased commodity demand associated with the growing Chinese population and economy. Resources development, and economic development in general, are constrained by the inadequate social and physical infrastructure. Problems range from transport capacity limitations to insufficient trained personnel to operate the sophisticated imported equipment. China has sought outside assistance, and is offering payback in-kind, including resources, in order to attract additional assistance. Investment by resource-dependent countries to assure supply is one area offering a great deal of promise. Without outside technical and economic assistance, the chances for China to emerge as a significant mineral exporter are not good.
Mineral Resources Science and Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

Author: Rui-Zhong Hu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642053443

Category: Science

Page: 86

View: 642

As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of mineral resources science. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China's S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China's reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China's modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China's reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation's highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government's decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China's high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.
China's Energy And Mineral Industries

Author: James P. Dorian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429713286

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 257

This book is based on papers presented at the China Energy and Mineral Policies and Planning Conference held at the East-West Center. It discusses the energy and minerals development policies of China as well as the outlook for trade in technology, energy commodities, and minerals.
Energy Policy and Regulation in the People's Republic of China

Author: C. P. Andrews-Speed

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9789041122339

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 405

View: 603

China is the world?s second largest consumer of commercial energy and is therefore a significant contributor to atmospheric pollution. It is becoming a major player in global and regional markets for energy products, services and investment. This book provides an overview of the formulation and implementation of energy policy in China. Part One provides background information on China?s energy sector. Part Two examines the nature of China?s energy policy and of the policy-making process, with examples drawn from the coal and natural gas sectors, as well as from the government?s drive to promote energy conservation and energy efficiency. Part Three focuses on recent efforts to reform the energy sector in China and to regulate it more effectively, paying particular attention to the electrical power sector and to small-scale coal mines. Part Four evaluates, from the perspective of the citizen, policy relating to the electrical power sector and to the closure of small-scale coal mines. Part Five addresses the international dimensions of China?s energy policy, with accounts of both inward and outward investment, and of the international political implications. About the author: Dr Philip Andrews-Speed is Director of the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee, Scotland. He spent fourteen years as a geologist in the international mining and petroleum industries before coming to the Centre in 1994, gaining an LLM in Energy Law and Policy, and joining the academic staff.
Environmental Issues in China Today

Author: Hidefumi Imura

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431541202

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 879

Economic development and environmental issues in China are attracting more and more attention internationally as the country’s large population and vast demands for food, energy, water, minerals, and other resources play an increasingly important role in deciding the fate of the world. There is great interest in learning more about environmental issues in China, but it is not easy to obtain accurate, relevant information because the issues are diverse and are complex phenomena resulting from the interconnections among natural resource constraints and political, social, and institutional systems. This book originally was published in Japanese with the aim of providing Japanese readers with a holistic picture of what was taking place in China with respect to its air, water, energy, and land. The author then prepared an English edition of the same material to use as a book of readings for the Global Environmental Leaders Program at Nagoya University, where he taught many students from Asia and Europe. The book covers the most important environmental issues in China—climatic change, water, air, energy, and resources—together with ongoing policy responses, based on the author’s active involvement in a number of study projects and international cooperation projects in that country. This volume will help readers to understand the causes and results of environmental problems in China and will encourage them to think more deeply about the environmental implications of the country’s rapid economic growth.
China, Oil and Global Politics

Author: Philip Andrews-Speed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136732355

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 624

This book provides a critical overview of how China’s growing need for oil imports is shaping its international economic and diplomatic strategy and how this affects global political relations and behaviour. It draws together the various dimensions of China’s international energy strategy, and provides insights into the impact of this on China’s growing presence across the world.
CIS Energy and Minerals Development

Author: J.P. Dorian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401120128

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 967

The former Soviet Union possessed some of the world's largest reserves of energy and mineral resources. With the dissolution of the country in 1991, the former Soviet republics are now exercising complete control over their mining industries. The new Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) consists of several new nations, well-endowed in hydrocarbons, metals, and industrial materials; efforts are now underway to boost development activities and attract foreign investment. Commonwealth members today are implementing policies to regulate energy and mineral development and enhance economic growth. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the energy and minerals industries of the CIS and other former Soviet republics outside the Commonwealth. Prospects for international cooperation and trade in hydrocarbons, metals, and nonmetals are examined, as are opportunities for joint ventures and technology transfers in mining. Economic relations between the CIS and several Asian nations are also analyzed. Contributors to the book from throughout the Commonwealth, Asia, Europe, and North America have a wide variety of backgrounds in the energy and mineral fields, including government, academia, and industry.
Resource Security and Governance

Author: Xinting Jia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317190554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 206

China’s phenomenal economic growth in the past 30 years has witnessed the rise of its global natural resources companies. At the same time, the emerging of a middle class in China and their desire to improve living standards including better dwelling conditions, better health and nutrition, has driven strong demand in mineral resources, energy and quality food. The so called ‘socialist market economy’ in China has seen this growing demand being met partially by companies with ‘national significance’. In the resources sector, these companies are represented by companies listed in stock exchanges in China as well as globally such as in New York and London; at the same time, most of these companies are also controlled by the Chinese government. China’s resources companies have expanded overseas in search of new acquisition targets whilst seeking to extend their global reach with a focus on resource rich countries. The expansion of these companies internationally, and the unique ownership structure of these companies, has posed challenges for regulators, trading partners of these companies, investors and other interested parties seeking to understand how these companies are governed and the implications of government ownership for resource security globally. Resource Security and Governance: The Globalisation of China’s Natural Resources Companies contains case studies of the global expansion efforts of Chinese global natural resources companies; it reviews the governance structures of these companies and analyses how these have affected the inter-relationship between these companies and their trading partners, governments, regulators in targeted countries and investors globally. In addition, this book examines how the unique structure of these companies may affect resource security globally and touches on other related matters such as climate change, and air and water security in China.
China Rising

Author: David Goodman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136214585

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 952

China's dramatic economic growth since the 1970s has seemed inexorable. The resulting rise in international profile has provoked a lively argument regarding the fundamental economic and strategic challenges to the rest of the world that China now presents. China Rising examines the extent to which that country's future foreign policy stance may be shaped by its own agendas and constrained through interdependence and interaction with the outside world. In the process it also questions the extent to which the rest of the world can attempt to shape that future to non-Chinese interests with any chance of success. Most debates regarding China's future international position tend to be polarised between those advocating containment and those wishing to see Beijing given a much freer hand. China Rising provides a refreshing alternative to both.
Chinese Economy Post-Mao

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00816592K

Category: China

Page: 912

View: 984

John P. Hardt -- China's post-Mao economic future / Robert F. Dernberger and David Fasenfest -- Recent Chinese economic performance and prospects for the ten-year plan / Nicholas R. Lardy -- The political dynamics of the People's Republic of China / William W. Whitson -- The Chinese development model / Alexander Eckstein -- Soviet perceptions of China's economic development / Leo A. Orleans -- Economic modernization in post-Mao China: policies, problems, and prospects / Nai-Ruenn Chen -- China: shift of economic gears in mid-1970s / Arthur G. Ashbrook, Jr. -- Political conflict and industrial growth in China: 1965-1977 / Robert Michael Field, Kathleen M. McGlynn, and William B. Abnett -- A survey of China's machine-building industry / Jack Craig, Jim Lewek, and Gordon Cole -- China's energetics: a system analysis / Vaclav Smil -- China's mineral economy / K. P. Wang -- China's electric power industry / William Clarke -- Population growth in the People's Republic of China / John S. Aird -- Technology and science: some issues in China's modernization / Jon Sigurdson -- Chinese employment policy in 1949-78 with special emphasis on women in rural production / Marina Thorborg -- Chinese agricultural production / Henry J. Groen and James A. Kilpatrick -- China's grain trade / Frederic M. Surls -- The evolution of policy and capabilities in China's agricultural technology / Thomas B. Wiens -- China's international trade and finance / Richard E. Batsavage and John L. Davie -- The Sino-American commercial relationship / Martha Avery and William Clarke -- Contracts, practice and law in trade with China: some observations / Stanley Lubman -- An analysis of China's hard currency exports: recent trends, present problems, and future potential / Hedija H. Kravalis -- The impact of most-favored-nation tariff treatment on U.S. imports from the People's Republic of China / Philip T. Lincoln, Jr., and James A. Kilpatrick -- The impact of U.S. most-favored-nation tariff treatment on PRC exports / Helen Raffel, Robert E. Teal, and Cheryl McQueen -- Chinese relations with the Third World / Carol Fogarty -- The impact of aid on Albanian industrial development: the Soviet Union and China as major trading partners / Adi Schnytzer.