Author: Robert T. Pappalardo

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816528446

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 233

Few worlds are as tantalizing and enigmatic as Europa, whose complex icy surface intimates the presence of an ocean below. Europa beckons for our understanding and future exploration, enticing us with the possibilities of a water-rich environment and the potential for life beyond Earth. This new volume in the Space Science Series, with more than 80 contributing authors, reveals the discovery and current understanding of EuropaÕs icy shell, subsurface ocean, presumably active interior, and myriad inherent interactions within the Jupiter environment. Europa is the foundation upon which the coming decades of scientific advancement and exploration of this world will be built, making it indispensable for researchers, students, and all who hold a passion for exploration.
Research Anthology on Machine Learning Techniques, Methods, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781668462928

Category: Computers

Page: 1516

View: 112

Machine learning continues to have myriad applications across industries and fields. To ensure this technology is utilized appropriately and to its full potential, organizations must better understand exactly how and where it can be adapted. Further study on the applications of machine learning is required to discover its best practices, challenges, and strategies. The Research Anthology on Machine Learning Techniques, Methods, and Applications provides a thorough consideration of the innovative and emerging research within the area of machine learning. The book discusses how the technology has been used in the past as well as potential ways it can be used in the future to ensure industries continue to develop and grow. Covering a range of topics such as artificial intelligence, deep learning, cybersecurity, and robotics, this major reference work is ideal for computer scientists, managers, researchers, scholars, practitioners, academicians, instructors, and students.
Transactions on Rough Sets IV

Author: James F. Peters

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540320166

Category: Computers

Page: 378

View: 722

Volume IV of the Transactions on Rough Sets (TRS) introduces a number of new advances in the theory and application of rough sets. Rough sets and - proximationspaceswereintroducedmorethan30yearsagobyZdzis lawPawlak. These advances have profound implications in a number of research areas such as the foundations of rough sets, approximate reasoning, arti?cial intelligence, bioinformatics,computationalintelligence, cognitivescience, intelligentsystems, datamining,machineintelligence,andsecurity. Inaddition,itisevidentfromthe papers included in this volume that the foundations and applications of rough sets is a very active research area worldwide. A total of 16 researchers from 7 countries are represented in this volume, namely, Canada, India, Norway, S- den, Poland, Russia and the United States of America. Evidence of the vigor, breadth and depth of research in the theory and applications of rough sets can be found in the 10 articles in this volume. Prof. Pawlak has contributed a treatise on the philosophical underpinnings of rough sets. In this treatise, observations are made about the Cantor notion of a set, antinomies arising from Cantor sets, the problem of vagueness (es- cially, vague (imprecise) concepts), fuzzy sets, rough sets, fuzzy vs. rough sets as well as logic and rough sets. Among the many vistas and research directions suggested by Prof. Pawlak, one of the most fruitful concerns the model for a rough membership function, which was incarnated in many di?erent forms since its introduction by Pawlakand Skowronin 1994. Recall, here, that Prof.
Inductive Logic Programming

Author: Tamas Horváth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540201441

Category: Computers

Page: 411

View: 724

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming, ILP 2003, held in Szeged, Hungary in September/October 2003. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. Among the topics addressed are multirelational data mining, complexity issues, theory revision, clustering, mathematical discovery, relational reinforcement learning, multirelational learning, inductive inference, description logics, grammar systems, and inductive learning.
Model Induction from Data

Author: Y.B. Dibike

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9058093565

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 814

There has been an explosive growth of methods in recent years for learning (or estimating dependency) from data, where data refers to known samples that are combinations of inputs and corresponding outputs of a given physical system. The main subject addressed in this thesis is model induction from data for the simulation of hydrodynamic processes in the aquatic environment. Firstly, some currently popular artificial neural network architectures are introduced, and it is then argued that these devices can be regarded as domain knowledge incapsulators by applying the method to the generation of wave equations from hydraulic data and showing how the equations of numerical-hydraulic models can, in their turn, be recaptured using artificial neural networks. The book also demonstrates how artificial neural networks can be used to generate numerical operators on non-structured grids for the simulation of hydrodynamic processes in two-dimensional flow systems and a methodology has been derived for developing generic hydrodynamic models using artificial neural network. The book also highlights one other model induction technique, namely that of support vector machine, as an emerging new method with a potential to provide more robust models.
The Handbook of Rationality

Author: Markus Knauff

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262045070

Category: Psychology

Page: 879

View: 640

The first reference on rationality that integrates accounts from psychology and philosophy, covering descriptive and normative theories from both disciplines. Both analytic philosophy and cognitive psychology have made dramatic advances in understanding rationality, but there has been little interaction between the disciplines. This volume offers the first integrated overview of the state of the art in the psychology and philosophy of rationality. Written by leading experts from both disciplines, The Handbook of Rationality covers the main normative and descriptive theories of rationality—how people ought to think, how they actually think, and why we often deviate from what we can call rational. It also offers insights from other fields such as artificial intelligence, economics, the social sciences, and cognitive neuroscience. The Handbook proposes a novel classification system for researchers in human rationality, and it creates new connections between rationality research in philosophy, psychology, and other disciplines. Following the basic distinction between theoretical and practical rationality, the book first considers the theoretical side, including normative and descriptive theories of logical, probabilistic, causal, and defeasible reasoning. It then turns to the practical side, discussing topics such as decision making, bounded rationality, game theory, deontic and legal reasoning, and the relation between rationality and morality. Finally, it covers topics that arise in both theoretical and practical rationality, including visual and spatial thinking, scientific rationality, how children learn to reason rationally, and the connection between intelligence and rationality.
Centrifugal Pumps

Author: Dimitris Papantonis

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535100515

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 118

View: 694

The structure of a hydraulic machine, as a centrifugal pump, is evolved principally to satisfy the requirements of the fluid flow. However taking into account the strong interaction between the pump and the pumping installation, the need to control the operation, the requirement to operate at best efficiency in order to save energy, the provision to improve the operation against cavitation and other more specific but very interesting and important topics, the object of a book on centrifugal pumps must cover a large field. The present book examines a number of these more specific topics, beyond the contents of a textbook, treating not only the pump's design and operation but also strategies to increase energy efficiency, the fluid flow control, the fault diagnosis.