Nature/Natur (Englisch/Deutsch)

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 9783159619392

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 166

Der Begriff der ›Natur‹ ist so etwas wie ein Bedeutungs-Chamäleon und wird entsprechend leicht missbraucht. Mill wendet sich in seinem kurzen Essay mit Macht gegen Behauptungen, etwas sei ›natürlich‹ und deshalb schon gut (etwa die ›natürlichen Wesenseigenschaften von Mann und Frau‹ oder das ›natürliche‹ Recht). Ihn interessieren vielmehr normative Prinzipien: Es sei die oberste Pflicht des Menschen als Individuum und als Gattung, die Natur zu moralisieren. Die Pflicht des Menschen besteht nämlich nicht darin, der äußeren oder inneren instinktiven Natur zu folgen, sondern die innere wie die äußere Natur durch Kultivierung zu verbessern – ein Ansatz, der in Zeiten bedrohter Natur und ökologischer Probleme neue Relevanz gewinnt. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der gedruckten Ausgabe: Buch und E-Book können parallel benutzt werden.
The Social Nature of Man – falsifiable / Die soziale Natur des Menschen – falsifizierbar

Author: Peter Schlötter

Publisher: Carl-Auer Verlag

ISBN: 9783849790189

Category: Psychology

Page: 190

View: 570

The author's fundamental empirical study of system constellations with life-sized figures from the year 2005 could also be realised in China in 2015. In this book, he proves that the perception of the position in a space actually follows the generally comprehensible semantics of a language and this is hardly any different in China than it is in Germany. Thus, gestural language can be described as a "global language". It is concerned with the exploration of the social nature of man as well as human social gravitational forces with the help of the new research discipline "sociothesie". Thereby, the concept of a "social affected space" can be empirically substantiated. Die grundlegende empirische Studie des Autors über Systemaufstellungen mit lebensgroßen Figuren aus dem Jahr 2005 konnte 2015 auch in China realisiert werden. Er weist in diesem Buch nach, dass die Wahrnehmung der Position im Raum tatsächlich der allgemein verständlichen Semantik einer Sprache folgt und dies in China kaum anders ist als in Deutschland. Die Zeichensprache kann demnach als "Weltsprache" bezeichnet werden. Es geht um die Erforschung der sozialen Natur des Menschen sowie der humanen sozialen Schwerkräfte mit Hilfe der neuen Forschungsdisziplin "Soziothesie". Damit kann das Konzept eines "sozialen Wirkraumes" empirisch begründet werden.
Avenging Nature

Author: Eduardo Valls Oyarzun

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781793621450

Category: Nature

Page: 258

View: 604

“Nature, thou art my goddess”—Edmund’s bold assertion in King Lear could easily inspire and, at the same time, function as a lamentation of the inadequate respect of nature in culture. In this volume, international experts provide multidisciplinary exploration of the insubordinate representations of nature in modern and contemporary literature and art. The work foregrounds the need to reassess how nature is already, and has been for a while, striking back against human domination. From the perspective of literary studies, art, history, media studies, ethics and philosophy, and ethnology and anthropology, Avenging Nature highlights the need of assessing insurgent discourses that—converging with counter-discourses of race, gender or class—realize the empowerment of nature from its subaltern position. Acknowledging the argument that cultural representations of nature establish a relationship of domination and exploitation of human discourse over nonhuman reality and that, in consequence, our regard for nature as humanist critics is instrumental and anthropocentric, the present volume advocates for the view that the time has come to finally perceive nature’s vengeance and to critically probe into nature’s ongoing revenge against the exploitation of culture.
Women and Nature?

Author: Douglas A Vakoch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351682404

Category:

Page:

View: 902

Women and Nature? Beyond Dualism in Gender, Body, and Environment provides a historical context for understanding the contested relationships between women and nature, and it articulates strategies for moving beyond the dualistic theories and practices that often frame those relationships. In 1974, Francoise d'Eaubonne coined the term "ecofeminism" to raise awareness about interconnections between women's oppression and nature's domination in an attempt to liberate women and nature from subordination. Since then, ecofeminism has attracted scholars and activists from various disciplines and positions to assess the relationship between the cultural human and the natural non-human through gender reconsiderations. The contributors to this volume present critical and constructive perspectives on ecofeminism throughout its history, from the beginnings of ecofeminism in the 1970s through to contemporary and emerging developments in the field, drawing on animal studies, postcolonialism, film studies, transgender studies, and political ecology. This interdisciplinary and international collection of essays demonstrates the ongoing relevance of ecofeminism as a way of understanding and responding to the complex interactions between genders, bodies, and the natural environment. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of ecofeminism as well as those involved in environmental studies and gender studies more broadly. ?
Mediating Nature

Author: Sidney I. Dobrin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429678165

Category: Computers

Page: 174

View: 165

Mediating Nature considers how technology acts as a mediating device in the construction and circulation of images that inform how we see and know nature. Scholarship in environmental communication has focused almost exclusively on verbal rather than visual rhetoric, and this book engages ecocritical and ecocompositional inquiry to shift focus onto the making of images. Contributors to this dynamic collection focus their efforts on the intersections of digital media and environmental/ecological thinking. Part of the book’s larger argument is that analysis of mediations of nature must develop more critical tools of analysis toward the very mediating technologies that produce such media. That is, to truly understand mediations of nature, one needs to understand the creation and production of those mediations, right down to the algorithms, circuit boards, and power sources that drive mediating technologies. Ultimately, Mediating Nature contends that ecological literacy and environmental politics are inseparable from digital literacies and visual rhetorics. The book will be of interest to scholars and students working in the fields of Ecocriticism, Ecocomposition, Media Ecology, Visual Rehtoric, and Digital Literacy Studies.
Screening Nature

Author: Anat Pick

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781782382270

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 304

View: 810

Environmentalism and ecology are areas of rapid growth in academia and society at large. Screening Nature is the first comprehensive work that groups together the wide range of concerns in the field of cinema and the environment, and what could be termed “posthuman cinema.” It comprises key readings that highlight the centrality of nature and nonhuman animals to the cinematic medium, and to the language and institution of film. The book offers a fresh and timely intervention into contemporary film theory through a focus on the nonhuman environment as principal register in many filmic texts. Screening Nature offers an extensive resource for teachers, undergraduate students, and more advanced scholars on the intersections between the natural world and the worlds of film. It emphasizes the cross-cultural and geographically diverse relevance of the topic of cinema ecology.
Making Nature Sacred

Author: John Gatta

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199883103

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 544

Since colonial times, the sense of encountering an unseen, transcendental Presence within the natural world has been a characteristic motif in American literature and culture. American writers have repeatedly perceived in nature something beyond itself-and beyond themselves. In this book, John Gatta argues that the religious import of American environmental literature has yet to be fully recognized or understood. Whatever their theology, American writers have perennially construed the nonhuman world to be a source, in Rachel Carson's words, of "something that takes us out of ourselves." Making Nature Sacred explores how the quest for "natural revelation" has been pursued through successive phases of American literary and intellectual history. And it shows how the imaginative challenge of "reading" landscapes has been influenced by biblical hermeneutics. Though focused on adaptations of Judeo-Christian religious traditions, it also samples Native American, African American, and Buddhist forms of ecospirituality. It begins with Colonial New England writers such Anne Bradstreet and Jonathan Edwards, re-examines pivotal figures such as Henry Thoreau and John Muir, and takes account of writings by Mary Austin, Rachel Carson, and many others along the way. The book concludes with an assessment of the "spiritual renaissance" underway in current environmental writing, as represented by five noteworthy poets and by authors such as Wendell Berry, Annie Dillard, Marilynne Robinson, Peter Matthiessen, and Barry Lopez. This engaging study should appeal not only to students of literature, but also to those interested in ethics and environmental studies, religious studies, and American cultural history.
Pasture Landscapes and Nature Conservation

Author: Bernd Redecker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642559532

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 368

One of the main problems and aims of nature conservation in Europe is to protect semi-open landscapes. The development during the past decades is characterized by an ongoing intensivation of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures lying fallow caused by changing economic conditions on the other hand. In several countries the estabishment of larger "pasture landscapes" with a mixed character of open grassland combined with shrubs and forests has been recognized as one solution to this problem. The book gives an overview of the European projects concerning to this topic - nature conservation policy and strategies, scientific results and practical experiences creating large scale grazing systems.
Images of Human Nature

Author: Donald J. Munro

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400859740

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 212

In this volume Donald Munro, author of important studies on early and contemporary China, provides a critical analysis of the doctrines of the Sung Neo-Confucian philosopher Chu Hsi (1130-1200). For nearly six centuries Confucian orthodoxy was based on Chu Hsi's commentaries on Confucian classics. These commentaries were the core of the curriculum studied by candidates for the civil service in China until 1905 and provided guidelines both for personal behavior and for official policy. Munro finds the key to the complexities of Chu Hsi's thought in his mode of discourse: the structural images of family, stream of water, mirror, body, plant, and ruler. Furthermore, he discloses the basic framework of Chu Hsi's ethics and the theory of human nature that is provided by these illustrative images. As revealed by Munro, Chu Hsi's thought is polarized between family duty and a broader altruism and between obedience to external authority and self-discovery of moral truth. To understand these tensions moves us toward clarifying the meaning of each idea in the sets. The interplay of these ideas, selectively emphasized over time by later Confucians, is a background for explaining modern Chinese thought. In it, among other things, Confucianism and Marxism-Leninism co-exist. Originally published in 1988. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Nature-Inspired Algorithms for Optimisation

Author: Raymond Chiong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642002670

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 539

Nature-Inspired Algorithms have been gaining much popularity in recent years due to the fact that many real-world optimisation problems have become increasingly large, complex and dynamic. The size and complexity of the problems nowadays require the development of methods and solutions whose efficiency is measured by their ability to find acceptable results within a reasonable amount of time, rather than an ability to guarantee the optimal solution. This volume 'Nature-Inspired Algorithms for Optimisation' is a collection of the latest state-of-the-art algorithms and important studies for tackling various kinds of optimisation problems. It comprises 18 chapters, including two introductory chapters which address the fundamental issues that have made optimisation problems difficult to solve and explain the rationale for seeking inspiration from nature. The contributions stand out through their novelty and clarity of the algorithmic descriptions and analyses, and lead the way to interesting and varied new applications.
Understanding the Rights of Nature

Author: Mihnea Tanasescu

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783839454312

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 390

Rivers, landscapes, whole territories: these are the latest entities environmental activists have fought hard to include in the relentless expansion of rights in our world. But what does it mean for a landscape to have rights? Why would anyone want to create such rights, and to what end? Is it a good idea, and does it come with risks? This book presents the logic behind giving nature rights and discusses the most important cases in which this has happened, ranging from constitutional rights of nature in Ecuador to rights for rivers in New Zealand, Colombia, and India. Mihnea Tanasescu offers clear answers to the thorny questions that the intrusion of nature into law is sure to raise.