New Perspectives in Forest Science

Author: Helder Viana

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789230369

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 213

View: 247

Forest management should allow the sustainable use of forests. This is only possible through solid knowledge in the disciplines that forest science encompasses. The readers of New Perspectives in Forest Science have an excellent source of information on actual trends of forest research and knowledge about the use of forest and landscape. This book has been written by specialists focusing on the following aspects of forest science: C cycle, biomass, forest restoration, forest resources and biodiversity. The authors of this book are of different nationalities and specialties, thus providing diverse perspectives on the subject of forestry. We hope that the chapters of this book can serve both students and researchers, as excellent guides to improve their knowledge on forest science.
New Perspectives on the History of Life Sciences and Agriculture

Author: Denise Phillips

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319121857

Category: Science

Page: 509

View: 609

This volume explores problems in the history of science at the intersection of life sciences and agriculture, from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century. Taking a comparative national perspective, the book examines agricultural practices in a broad sense, including the practices and disciplines devoted to land management, forestry, soil science, and the improvement and management of crops and livestock. The life sciences considered include genetics, microbiology, ecology, entomology, forestry, and deal with US, European, Russian, Japanese, Indonesian, Chinese contexts. The book shows that the investigation of the border zone of life sciences and agriculture raises many interesting questions about how science develops. In particular it challenges one to re-examine and take seriously the intimate connection between scientific development and the practical goals of managing and improving – perhaps even recreating – the living world to serve human ends. Without close attention to this zone it is not possible to understand the emergence of new disciplines and transformation of old disciplines, to evaluate the role and impact of such major figures of science as Humboldt and Mendel, or to appreciate how much of the history of modern biology has been driven by national ambitions and imperialist expansion in competition with rival nations.
New Perspectives in Special Education

Author: Michael Farrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136469169

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 477

This book should be read by everyone who wants to understand special education today. New Perspectives in Special Education opens the door to the fascinating and vitally important world of theory that informs contemporary special education. It examines theoretical and philosophical orientations such as ‘positivism’, ‘poststructuralism’ and ‘hermeneutics’, relating these to contemporary global views of special education. Offering a refreshingly balanced view across a broad range of debates, this topical text guides the reader through the main theoretical and philosophical positions that may be held with regard to special education, and critically examines positions that often go unrecognised and unquestioned by practitioners and academics alike. It helps the reader to engage with and question the positions taken by themselves and others, by providing thinking points and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter. Perspectives covered include: Positivism and empiricism Phenomenology and hermeneutics Historical materialism and critical theory Holism and constructivism Structuralism and post structuralism Pragmatism and symbolic interactionism Psychoanalysis Postmodernism and historical epistemology Anyone wishing to gain a fuller understanding of special education should not be without this stimulating and much needed text.
International Perspectives on Forest School

Author: Sara Knight

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446287064

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 619

Forest School is now implemented across a wide range of settings both nationally and internationally, and this book explores the global similarities between the Forest School approach and how natural spaces are being used all over the world. Written by a range of international authors, the text includes perspectives from: - Sweden - Portugal - Brazil - Germany - Slovenia - South Africa - Australia - USA and Canada - India It considers the impact that global influences have on early learning, and reflects on how the Forest School approach is used in the UK. With case studies, annotated further reading and points for practice this is a key text for all those studying Early Childhood Studies, Early Years and Primary Education. Sara Knight is Principal Lecturer at Anglia Ruskin University. She is a trained Forest School practitioner and author of Forest Schools For All, Risk and Adventure in Early Years Outdoor Play and Forest School and Outdoor Learning (all published by SAGE).
New Perspectives on Risk Communication

Author: Asa Boholm

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317981886

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 830

That risk communication ranks high on the policymaking agenda is beyond discussion today. The field is a point of intersection of social communication, practical management and policy making. It covers such diverse activities as to inform and educate the public about risk, and risk management in order to influence attitudes and behaviour, to act in situations of emergency or crises, to aid in decision-making and to assist in conflict resolution. Communication has grown into a major concern in current risk governance based on network co-ordinated management of public affairs conducted by authorities and companies and is recognized as a key component in the government of risk. This is especially salient in policy fields relating to environmental planning and resource management, urban planning, chemical and food regulation, or infrastructure planning, development and maintenance. This book explores risk communication research with a focus on new theoretical perspectives, research findings, and applied goals. It reflects on a broad range of innovative theoretical perspectives, methodological approaches and empirical areas. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Risk Research.
Training manual on forests and trees for food security and nutrition

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251320280

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 92

View: 337

Currently in Tanzania, training institutions for professionals in cross-cutting sectors such as forestry and agriculture do not adequately capture the role of forest and tree resources for food security and nutrition, leading to dependency on one sector – agriculture – to cater for food and nutrition diversity. This undervalues the fundamental role of forest ecosystem services for sustainable agriculture by regulating water flows, stabilizing soils, maintaining soil fertility, regulating the climate, and providing habitat for wild pollinators and predators of agricultural pests. Provision of education on sustainable forests and trees for food security and nutrition at all levels seems to be the most conceivable entry point to ensure that adequate knowledge and skills are imparted to professionals. The goals of this training manual are to: enhance the recognition and significance of forestry to food security and nutrition through the sustainable management and use of forests and trees2; enhance the food security and nutrition benefits from the forests and trees; enhance and stimulate research and training capacity; strengthen institutional frameworks by incorporating food security and nutrition objectives in forest management policies, programmes and projects; and develop value chains based on forest and tree resources for sustainable development in the country. The overall objective is to create awareness and enable increased investment in the forestry sector for food security and nutrition in Tanzania. This training manual is also meant to serve as a useful tool for sharing and exchanging knowledge and experiences across different regions (within the country) and beyond.
Biotechnology Development and threat of Climate Change in Africa

Author: Odunayo C. Adebooye

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783736934023

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 165

Basically, the contemporary manipulation of identifiable living cells and bacteria in industrial and scientific processes has been functionally essentialized by the desire to improve on the state of the human condition in this modernizing era. Meanwhile, the prevalent globalizing culture has made it feasible for quick exchange of information and, indeed, instant spread of cogent empirical knowledge. Such is the case with biotechnological development, which seeks to enhance agricultural productivity; health care delivery and, of course, the realization of the focal target of the ‘Millennium Development Goals’ (MDGs), that is ‘halving extreme poverty by 2015’. As noble as this innovation seems however, its application in Nigeria as obtainable in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa has been largely uncoordinated, or at best, attenuated; ostensibly due to inactivity on the part of the political leadership. This study focuses on the explication of varying interpretations of the reality of biotechnological incorporation within Nigerian configuration. On the part of the policy planners, have usual proclamations been met with desired actions in the bid to localize such innovation in the country? Are they conscious of its long-run human, social and environmental implications? On the other hand, are the people – the supposed direct beneficiaries of such adaptation aware of its existence and usefulness? How do they perceive and construct its reality? These and related issues are addressed in this study. The methods of In-depth Interviews (IDIs) and Evaluation Research (ER) are engaged as the study’s modes of inquiry, while Berger and Luckmann’s ‘The Social Construction of Reality’ is adopted as its theoretical platform.
2018 The State of the World’s Forests

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251305614

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 139

View: 676

Nearly three years ago, world leaders agreed to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – the central framework for guiding development policies throughout the world. This edition of The State of the World’s Forests is aimed at enhancing our understanding of how forests and their sustainable management contribute to achieving several of the SDGs. Time is running out for the world’s forests: we need to work across sectors, bring stakeholders together, and take urgent action. The State of the World’s Forests 2018 identifies actions that can be taken to increase the contributions of forests and trees that are necessary to accelerate progress towards the SDGs. It is now critical that steps be taken to work more effectively with the private sector, and the informal forest sector must be transformed in order to bring broader economic, social and environmental benefits. Seventy years ago, when FAO completed its first assessment of the world’s forest resources, the major concern was whether there would be enough timber to supply global demand; now we recognize the greater global relevance of our forests and trees. For the first time, The State of the World’s Forests 2018 provides an assessment of the contribution of forests and trees to our landscapes and livelihoods. The purpose of this publication is to provide a much wider audience with an understanding of why forests and trees matter for people, the planet and posterity.