Polaritonic Chemistry

Author: Javier Galego Pascual​

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030486983

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 701

Polaritonic chemistry is an emergent interdisciplinary field in which the strong interaction of organic molecules with confined electromagnetic field modes is exploited in order to manipulate the chemical structure and reactions of the system. In the regime of strong light-matter coupling the interaction with the electromagnetic vacuum obliges us to redefine the concept of a molecule and consider the hybrid system as a whole. This thesis builds on the foundations of chemistry and quantum electrodynamics in order to provide a theoretical framework to describe these organic light-matter hybrids. By fully embracing the structural complexity of molecules, this theory allows us to employ long-established quantum chemistry methods to understand polaritonic chemistry. This leads to predictions of substantial structural changes in organic molecules and the possibility of significantly influencing chemical reactions both in the excited and ground states of the system.
Frontiers in Optics and Photonics

Author: Federico Capasso

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110710700

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 783

View: 545

This book provides a cutting-edge research overview on the latest developments in the field of Optics and Photonics. All chapters are authored by the pioneers in their field and will cover the developments in Quantum Photonics, Optical properties of 2D Materials, Optical Sensors, Organic Opto-electronics, Nanophotonics, Metamaterials, Plasmonics, Quantum Cascade lasers, LEDs, Biophotonics and biomedical photonics and spectroscopy.
Physics, Chemistry and Application of Nanostructures

Author: V E Borisenko

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814480581

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 628

View: 215

This comprehensive volume presents invited reviews and short notes with exciting new results obtained in fabrication study and application of nanostructures, which promise a new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. The rapid progress in nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanotechnology and quantum processing of information are covered. Contents:Physics of NanostructuresSpintronicsChemistry of NanostructuresNanotechnologyNanostructure Based Devices Readership: Graduate students and researchers in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Keywords:Nanostructures;Nanotechnology;Quantum Computing;Bioinformatics;Nanoelectronics;Spintronics;NanophotonicsKey Features:Provides the most recent collection of results in the fieldCovers areas not presented in any other competing titleContributors are well-known specialists in the field
New Horizons in Computational Chemistry Software

Author: Michael Filatov

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031076589

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 403

This volume presents the current status of software development in the field of computational and theoretical chemistry and gives an overview of the emerging trends. The challenges of maintaining the legacy codes and their adaptation to the rapidly growing hardware capabilities and the new programming environments are surveyed in a series of topical reviews written by the core developers and maintainers of the popular quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics programs. Special emphasis is given to new computational methodologies and practical aspects of their implementation and application in the computational chemistry codes. Modularity of the computational chemistry software is an emerging concept that enables to bypass the development and maintenance bottleneck of the legacy software and to customize the software using the best available computational procedures implemented in the form of self-contained modules. Perspectives on modular design of the computer programs for modeling molecular electronic structure, non-adiabatic dynamics, kinetics, as well as for data visualization are presented by the researchers actively working in the field of software development and application. This volume is of interest to quantum and computational chemists as well as experimental chemists actively using and developing computational software for their research. Chapters "MLatom 2: An Integrative Platform for Atomistic Machine Learning” and “Evolution of the Automatic Rhodopsin Modeling (ARM) Protocol" are available open access under a CC BY 4.0 License via link.springer.com.
Femtochemistry and Femtobiology

Author: Abderrazzak Douhal

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810248666

Category: Science

Page: 854

View: 312

This book contains important contributions from top international scientists on the-state-of-the-art of femtochemistry and femtobiology at the beginning of the new millennium. It consists of reviews and papers on ultrafast dynamics in molecular science.The coverage of topics highlights several important features of molecular science from the viewpoint of structure (space domain) and dynamics (time domain). First of all, the book presents the latest developments, such as experimental techniques for understanding ultrafast processes in gas, condensed and complex systems, including biological molecules, surfaces and nanostructures. At the same time it stresses the different ways to control the rates and pathways of reactive events in chemistry and biology. Particular emphasis is given to biological processes as an area where femtodynamics is becoming very useful for resolving the structural dynamics from techniques such as electron diffraction, and X-ray and IR spectroscopy. Finally, the latest developments in quantum control (in both theory and experiment) and the experimental pulse-shaping techniques are described.
Physics, Chemistry and Applications of Nanostructures

Author: Viktor Evgen?evich Borisenko

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814343909

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 377

This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanobiology as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.
Physics, Chemistry And Applications Of Nanostructures: Reviews And Short Notes - Proceedings Of International Conference Nanomeeting - 2011

Author: Valerij S Gurin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814460576

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 512

This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices.Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanobiology as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.
Polariton Physics

Author: Arash Rahimi-Iman

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030393335

Category: Science

Page: 275

View: 327

This book offers an overview of polariton Bose–Einstein condensation and the emerging field of polaritonics, providing insights into the necessary theoretical basics, technological aspects and experimental studies in this fascinating field of science. Following a summary of theoretical considerations, it guides readers through the rich physics of polariton systems, shedding light on the concept of the polariton laser, polariton microcavities, and the technical realization of optoelectronic devices with polaritonic emissions, before discussing the role of external fields used for the manipulation and control of exciton–polaritons. A glossary provides simplified summaries of the most frequently discussed topics, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with the content. The book pursues an uncomplicated and intuitive approach to the topics covered, while also providing a brief outlook on current and future work. Its straightforward content will make it accessible to a broad readership, ranging from research fellows, lecturers and students to interested science and engineering professionals in the interdisciplinary domains of nanotechnology, photonics, materials sciences and quantum physics.
Modern Optics and Photonics

Author: Gagik Yu Kryuchkyan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814313261

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 861

This volume is based on the works presented at the conference ?Modern Problems in Optics and Photonics-2009?, held in Yerevan Armenia. Covering virtually all actual themes in Optics: Structured media and quantum nanostructures, Quantum optics and quantum information, Spectroscopy and dynamics of atoms, both theoretical and experimental worksare examined and discussed extensively. This volume would capture the interest of experienced scientists as important, original results of 27 leading researchers from Armenia, Australia, Germany, Greece, India, Latvia, Russia, Singapore and United Kingdom are included. Surely, this volume could serve as an advanced textbook for graduate and undergraduate students as it contains not only the original works of prominent authors, but also detailed introductions and descriptions of early results of the presented branches of the optics.
Quantum Simulations with Photons and Polaritons

Author: Dimitris G. Angelakis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319520254

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 160

This book reviews progress towards quantum simulators based on photonic and hybrid light-matter systems, covering theoretical proposals and recent experimental work. Quantum simulators are specially designed quantum computers. Their main aim is to simulate and understand complex and inaccessible quantum many-body phenomena found or predicted in condensed matter physics, materials science and exotic quantum field theories. Applications will include the engineering of smart materials, robust optical or electronic circuits, deciphering quantum chemistry and even the design of drugs. Technological developments in the fields of interfacing light and matter, especially in many-body quantum optics, have motivated recent proposals for quantum simulators based on strongly correlated photons and polaritons generated in hybrid light-matter systems. The latter have complementary strengths to cold atom and ion based simulators and they can probe for example out of equilibrium phenomena in a natural driven-dissipative setting. This book covers some of the most important works in this area reviewing the proposal for Mott transitions and Luttinger liquid physics with light, to simulating interacting relativistic theories, topological insulators and gauge field physics. The stage of the field now is at a point where on top of the numerous theory proposals; experiments are also reported. Connecting to the theory proposals presented in the chapters, the main experimental quantum technology platforms developed from groups worldwide to realize photonic and polaritonic simulators in the laboratory are also discussed. These include coupled microwave resonator arrays in superconducting circuits, semiconductor based polariton systems, and integrated quantum photonic chips. This is the first book dedicated to photonic approaches to quantum simulation, reviewing the fundamentals for the researcher new to the field, and providing a complete reference for the graduate student starting or already undergoing PhD studies in this area.
Semiconductor Photonics of Nanomaterials and Quantum Structures

Author: Arash Rahimi-Iman

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030693527

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 158

This book introduces the wider field of functional nanomaterials sciences, with a strong emphasis on semiconductor photonics. Whether you are studying photonic quantum devices or just interested in semiconductor nanomaterials and their benefits for optoelectronic applications, this book offers you a pedagogical overview of the relevant subjects along with topical reviews. The book discusses different yet complementary studies in the context of ongoing international research efforts, delivering examples from both fundamental and applied research to a broad readership. In addition, a hand-full of useful optical techniques for the characterization of semiconductor quantum structures and materials are addressed. Moreover, nanostructuring methods for the production of low-dimensional systems, which exhibit advantageous properties predominantly due to quantum effects, are summarized. Science and engineering professionals in the interdisciplinary domains of nanotechnology, photonics, materials sciences, and quantum physics can familiarize themselves with selected highlights with eyes towards photonic applications in the fields of two-dimensional materials research, light–matter interactions, and quantum technologies.