Quantum-based Electronic Devices and Systems

Author: Mitra Dutta

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810237006

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 666

This volume includes highlights of the theories and experimental findings that underlie essential phenomena occurring in quantum-based devices and systems as well as the principles of operation of selected novel quantum-based electronic devices and systems. A number of the emerging approaches to creating new types of quantum-based electronic devices and systems are also discussed.
Terahertz Sensing Technology: Electronic devices and advanced systems technology

Author: Dwight L. Woolard

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812383341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

View: 828

The last research frontier in high frequency electronics now lies in the so-called THz (or submillimeter-wave) regime between the traditional microwave and infrared domains. Significant scientific and technical challenges within the terahertz (THz) frequency regime have recently motivated an array of new research activities. During the last few years, major research programs have emerged that are focused on advancing the state of the art in THz frequency electronic technology and on investigating novel applications of THz frequency sensing. This book serves as a detailed reference for the new THz frequency technological advances that are emerging across a wide spectrum of sensing and technology areas.
Terahertz Sensing Technology - Vol 1: Electronic Devices And Advanced Systems Technology

Author: Michael S Shur

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814486309

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

View: 329

The last research frontier in high frequency electronics now lies in the so-called THz (or submillimeter-wave) regime between the traditional microwave and infrared domains. Significant scientific and technical challenges within the terahertz (THz) frequency regime have recently motivated an array of new research activities. During the last few years, major research programs have emerged that are focused on advancing the state of the art in THz frequency electronic technology and on investigating novel applications of THz frequency sensing. This book serves as a detailed reference for the new THz frequency technological advances that are emerging across a wide spectrum of sensing and technology areas.
Phonons in Nanostructures

Author: Michael A. Stroscio

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139430326

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 864

This book focuses on the theory of phonon interactions in nanoscale structures with particular emphasis on modern electronic and optoelectronic devices. The continuing progress in the fabrication of semiconductor nanostructures with lower dimensional features has led to devices with enhanced functionality and even novel devices with new operating principles. The critical role of phonon effects in such semiconductor devices is well known. There is therefore a great need for a greater awareness and understanding of confined phonon effects. A key goal of this book is to describe tractable models of confined phonons and how these are applied to calculations of basic properties and phenomena of semiconductor heterostructures. The level of presentation is appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering with some background in quantum mechanics and solid state physics or devices. A basic understanding of electromagnetism and classical acoustics is assumed.
Advanced Electronic Technologies and Systems Based on Low-Dimensional Quantum Devices

Author: M. Balkanski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401589659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 841

This volume on Advanced Electronic Technologies and Systems based on Low Dimensional Quantum Devices closes a three years series of NATO -AS!' s. The first year was focused on the fundamental properties and applications. The second year was devoted to Devices Based on Low-Dimensional Semiconductor Structures. The third year is covering Systems Based on Low-Dimensional Quantum Semiconductor Devices. The three volumes containing the lectures given at the three successive NATO -ASI's constitute a complete review on the latest advances in semiconductor Science and Technology from the methods of fabrication of the quantum structures through the fundamental physics am basic knowledge of properties and projection of performances to the technology of devices and systems. In the first volume: " Fabrication, Properties and Application of Low Dimensional Semiconductors" are described the practical ways in which quantum structures are produced, the present status of the technology, difficulties encountered, and advances to be expected. The basic theory of Quantum Wells, Double Quantum Wells and Superlattices is introduced and the fundamental aspects of their optical properties are presented. The effect of reduction of dimensionality on lattice dynamics of quantum structures is also discussed. In the second volume: " Devices Based on Low Dimensional Structures" the fundamentals of quantum structures and devices in the two major fields: Electro-Optical Devices and Pseudomorphic High Eectron Mobility Transistors are extensively discussed.
Cellular Automata

Author: Alejandro Salcido

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533071725

Category: Computers

Page: 442

View: 749

Modelling and simulation are disciplines of major importance for science and engineering. There is no science without models, and simulation has nowadays become a very useful tool, sometimes unavoidable, for development of both science and engineering. The main attractive feature of cellular automata is that, in spite of their conceptual simplicity which allows an easiness of implementation for computer simulation, as a detailed and complete mathematical analysis in principle, they are able to exhibit a wide variety of amazingly complex behaviour. This feature of cellular automata has attracted the researchers' attention from a wide variety of divergent fields of the exact disciplines of science and engineering, but also of the social sciences, and sometimes beyond. The collective complex behaviour of numerous systems, which emerge from the interaction of a multitude of simple individuals, is being conveniently modelled and simulated with cellular automata for very different purposes. In this book, a number of innovative applications of cellular automata models in the fields of Quantum Computing, Materials Science, Cryptography and Coding, and Robotics and Image Processing are presented.
Topics In Nanoscience - Part I: Basic Views, Complex Nanosystems: Typical Results And Future

Author: Wolfram Schommers

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789811243875

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 836

With the development of the scanning tunneling microscope, nanoscience became an important discipline. Single atoms could be manipulated in a controlled manner, and it became possible to change matter at its 'ultimate' level; it is the level on which the properties of matter emerge. This possibility enables to construct and to produce devices, materials, etc. with very small sizes and completely new properties. That opens up new perspectives for technology and is in particular relevant in connection with nano-engineering.Nanosystems are unimaginably small and very fast. No doubt, this is an important characteristic. But there is another feature, possibly more relevant, in connection with nanoscience and nanotechnology. The essential point here is that we work at the 'ultimate level'. This is the smallest level at which the properties of our world emerge, at which functional matter can exist. In particular, at this level biological individuality comes into existence. This situation can be expressed in absolute terms: This is not only the strongest material ever made, this is the strongest material it will ever be possible to make (D Ratner and M Ratner, Nanotechnology and Homeland Security). This is a very general statement. All aspects of matter are concerned here. Through the variation of the composition various forms of matter emerge with different items.Nanosystems are usually small, but they offer nevertheless the possibility to vary the structure of atomic (molecular) ensembles, creating a diversity of new material-specific properties. A large variety of experimental possibilities come into play and flexible theoretical tools are needed at the basic level. This is reflected in the different disciplines: In nanoscience and nanotechnology we have various directions: Materials science, functional nanomaterials, nanoparticles, food chemistry, medicine with brain research, quantum and molecular computing, bioinformatics, magnetic nanostructures, nano-optics, nano-electronics, etc.The properties of matter, which are involved within these nanodisciplines, are ultimate in character, i.e., their characteristic properties come into existence at this level. The book is organized in this respect.
VLSI-SoC: Design and Engineering of Electronics Systems Based on New Computing Paradigms

Author: Nicola Bombieri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030234256

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 223

This book contains extended and revised versions of the best papers presented at the 26th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2018, held in Verona, Italy, in October 2018. The 13 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from the 27 papers (out of 106 submissions) presented at the conference. The papers discuss the latest academic and industrial results and developments as well as future trends in the field of System-on-Chip (SoC) design, considering the challenges of nano-scale, state-of-the-art and emerging manufacturing technologies. In particular they address cutting-edge research fields like heterogeneous, neuromorphic and brain-inspired, biologically-inspired, approximate computing systems.
Topics in High Field Transport in Semiconductors

Author: Kevin F. Brennan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812799920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 964

This book examines some of the charge carrier transport issues encountered in the field of modern semiconductor devices and novel materials. Theoretical approaches to the understanding and modeling of the relevant physical phenomena, seen in devices that have very small spatial dimensions and that operate under high electric field strength, are described in papers written by leading experts and pioneers in this field. In addition, the book examines the transport physics encountered in novel materials such as wide band gap semiconductors (GaN, SiC, etc.) as well as organic semiconductors. Topics in High Field Transport in Semiconductors provides a comprehensive overview that will be beneficial to newcomers as well as engineers and researchers engaged in this exciting field. Contents: Foreword (K F Brennan & P P Ruden); Quantum Transport in Semiconductor Devices (D K Ferry et al.); Quantum Transport and Its Simulation with the Wigner-Function Approach (C Jacoboni et al.); Bloch Dynamics in Spatially Local Inhomogeneous Electric Fields (J P Reynolds et al.); Collision Broadening Through Sequences of Scattering Events: Theory, Consequences and Modeling Within Semiclassical Monte Carlo (L F Register & B Fisher); Transport in a Polarization-Induced 2D Electron Gas (B K Ridley & N A Zakhleniuk); Impact Ionization and High Field Effects in Wide Band Gap Semiconductors (M Reigrotzki et al.); Simulation of Carrier Transport in Wide Band Gap Semiconductors (E Bellotti et al.); Electrical Transport in Organic Semiconductors (I H Campbell & D L Smith). Readership: Researchers and graduate students in the field of semiconductors.
Topics In Nanoscience (In 2 Parts)

Author: Wolfram Schommers

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789811256134

Category: Science

Page: 876

View: 537

With the development of the scanning tunneling microscope, nanoscience became an important discipline. Single atoms could be manipulated in a controlled manner, and it became possible to change matter at its 'ultimate' level; it is the level on which the properties of matter emerge. This possibility enables to construct and to produce devices, materials, etc. with very small sizes and completely new properties. That opens up new perspectives for technology and is in particular relevant in connection with nano-engineering.Nanosystems are unimaginably small and very fast. No doubt, this is an important characteristic. But there is another feature, possibly more relevant, in connection with nanoscience and nanotechnology. The essential point here is that we work at the 'ultimate level'. This is the smallest level at which the properties of our world emerge, at which functional matter can exist. In particular, at this level biological individuality comes into existence. This situation can be expressed in absolute terms: This is not only the strongest material ever made, this is the strongest material it will ever be possible to make (D Ratner and M Ratner, Nanotechnology and Homeland Security). This is a very general statement. All aspects of matter are concerned here. Through the variation of the composition various forms of matter emerge with different items.Nanosystems are usually small, but they offer nevertheless the possibility to vary the structure of atomic (molecular) ensembles, creating a diversity of new material-specific properties. A large variety of experimental possibilities come into play and flexible theoretical tools are needed at the basic level. This is reflected in the different disciplines: In nanoscience and nanotechnology we have various directions: Materials science, functional nanomaterials, nanoparticles, food chemistry, medicine with brain research, quantum and molecular computing, bioinformatics, magnetic nanostructures, nano-optics, nano-electronics, etc.The properties of matter, which are involved within these nanodisciplines, are ultimate in character, i.e., their characteristic properties come into existence at this level. The book is organized in this respect.