Quantum Signatures of Chaos

Author: Fritz Haake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319975801

Category: Science

Page: 659

View: 662

This classic text provides an excellent introduction to a new and rapidly developing field of research. Now well established as a textbook in this rapidly developing field of research, the new edition is much enlarged and covers a host of new results.
Quantum Chaos and Mesoscopic Systems

Author: N.E. Hurt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792344596

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 950

4. 2 Variance of Quantum Matrix Elements. 125 4. 3 Berry's Trick and the Hyperbolic Case 126 4. 4 Nonhyperbolic Case . . . . . . . 128 4. 5 Random Matrix Theory . . . . . 128 4. 6 Baker's Map and Other Systems 129 4. 7 Appendix: Baker's Map . . . . . 129 5 Error Terms 133 5. 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 5. 2 The Riemann Zeta Function in Periodic Orbit Theory 135 5. 3 Form Factor for Primes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 5. 4 Error Terms in Periodic Orbit Theory: Co-compact Case. 138 5. 5 Binary Quadratic Forms as a Model . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 6 Co-Finite Model for Quantum Chaology 141 6. 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . 141 6. 2 Co-finite Models . . . . . 141 6. 3 Geodesic Triangle Spaces 144 6. 4 L-Functions. . . . . . . . 145 6. 5 Zelditch's Prime Geodesic Theorem. 146 6. 6 Zelditch's Pseudo Differential Operators 147 6. 7 Weyl's Law Generalized 148 6. 8 Equidistribution Theory . . . . . . . . . 150 7 Landau Levels and L-Functions 153 7. 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 7. 2 Landau Model: Mechanics on the Plane and Sphere. 153 7. 3 Landau Model: Mechanics on the Half-Plane 155 7. 4 Selberg's Spectral Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . 157 7. 5 Pseudo Billiards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 7. 6 Landau Levels on a Compact Riemann Surface 159 7. 7 Automorphic Forms . . . . . 160 7. 8 Maass-Selberg Trace Formula 162 7. 9 Degeneracy by Selberg. . . . 163 7. 10 Hecke Operators . . . . . . . 163 7. 11 Selberg Trace Formula for Hecke Operators 167 7. 12 Eigenvalue Statistics on X . . . . 169 7. 13 Mesoscopic Devices. . . . . . . . 170 7. 14 Hall Conductance on Leaky Tori 170 7.
Quantum Chaos and Quantum Dots

Author: Katsuhiro Nakamura

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198525893

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 195

Dynamics of billiard balls and their role in physics have received wide attention since the monumental lecture by Lord Kelvin at the turn of the 19th century. Billiards can nowadays be created as quantum dots in the microscopic world enabling one to envisage the so-called quantum chaos, i.e.quantum manifestation of chaos of billiard balls. In fact, owing to recent progress in advanced technology, nanoscale quantum dots, such as chaotic stadium and antidot lattices analogous to the Sinai Billiard, can be fabricated at the interface of semiconductor heterojunctions. This book begins itsexploration of the effect of chaotic electron dynamics on ballistic quantum transport in quantum dots with a puzzling experiment on resistance fluctuations for stadium and circle dots. Throughout the text, major attention is paid to the semiclassical theory which makes it possible to interpretquantum phenomena in the language of the classical world. Chapters one to four are concerned with the elementary statistical methods (curvature, Lyapunov exponent, Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy and escape rate), which are needed for a semiclassical description of transport in quantum dots. Chapters fiveto ten discuss the topical subjects in the field, including the ballistic weak localization, Altshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillation, partial time-reversal symmetry, persistent current, Arnold diffusion and Coulomb blockade.
Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems

Author: Hans-Thomas Elze

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540206396

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 403

View: 837

The contributions to this volume are based on selected lectures from the first international workshop on decoherence, information, complexity and entropy (DICE). The aim of this volume is to reflect the growing importance ot common concepts behind seemingly different fields such as quantum mechanics, general relativity and statistical physics in a form accessible to nonspecialist researchers. Many presentations include original results which published here for the first time.
Compendium of Quantum Physics

Author: Daniel Greenberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540706267

Category: Science

Page: 901

View: 288

With contributions by leading quantum physicists, philosophers and historians, this comprehensive A-to-Z of quantum physics provides a lucid understanding of key concepts of quantum theory and experiment. It covers technical and interpretational aspects alike, and includes both traditional and new concepts, making it an indispensable resource for concise, up-to-date information about the many facets of quantum physics.
Philosophy of Quantum Information and Entanglement

Author: Alisa Bokulich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139487665

Category: Science

Page:

View: 356

Recent work in quantum information science has produced a revolution in our understanding of quantum entanglement. Scientists now view entanglement as a physical resource with many important applications. These range from quantum computers, which would be able to compute exponentially faster than classical computers, to quantum cryptographic techniques, which could provide unbreakable codes for the transfer of secret information over public channels. These important advances in the study of quantum entanglement and information touch on deep foundational issues in both physics and philosophy. This interdisciplinary volume brings together fourteen of the world's leading physicists and philosophers of physics to address the most important developments and debates in this exciting area of research. It offers a broad spectrum of approaches to resolving deep foundational challenges - philosophical, mathematical, and physical - raised by quantum information, quantum processing, and entanglement. This book is ideal for historians, philosophers of science and physicists.
Theory of Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures

Author: Eckehard Schöll

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461558071

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 391

View: 633

Recent advances in the fabrication of semiconductors have created almost un limited possibilities to design structures on a nanometre scale with extraordinary electronic and optoelectronic properties. The theoretical understanding of elec trical transport in such nanostructures is of utmost importance for future device applications. This represents a challenging issue of today's basic research since it requires advanced theoretical techniques to cope with the quantum limit of charge transport, ultrafast carrier dynamics and strongly nonlinear high-field ef fects. This book, which appears in the electronic materials series, presents an over view of the theoretical background and recent developments in the theory of electrical transport in semiconductor nanostructures. It contains 11 chapters which are written by experts in their fields. Starting with a tutorial introduction to the subject in Chapter 1, it proceeds to present different approaches to transport theory. The semiclassical Boltzmann transport equation is in the centre of the next three chapters. Hydrodynamic moment equations (Chapter 2), Monte Carlo techniques (Chapter 3) and the cellular au tomaton approach (Chapter 4) are introduced and illustrated with applications to nanometre structures and device simulation. A full quantum-transport theory covering the Kubo formalism and nonequilibrium Green's functions (Chapter 5) as well as the density matrix theory (Chapter 6) is then presented.
Statistical Benchmarks for Quantum Transport in Complex Systems

Author: Mattia Walschaers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319931517

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 666

This book introduces a variety of statistical tools for characterising and designing the dynamical features of complex quantum systems. These tools are applied in the contexts of energy transfer in photosynthesis, and boson sampling. In dynamical quantum systems, complexity typically manifests itself via the interference of a rapidly growing number of paths that connect the initial and final states. The book presents the language of graphs and networks, providing a useful framework to discuss such scenarios and explore the rich phenomenology of transport phenomena. As the complexity increases, deterministic approaches rapidly become intractable, which leaves statistics as a viable alternative.
Coherent Dynamics of Complex Quantum Systems

Author: Vladimir M. Akulin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540292715

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 972

Coherent Dynamics of Complex Quantum Systems is aimed at senior-level undergraduate students in the areas of atomic, molecular, and laser physics, physical chemistry, quantum optics and quantum informatics. It should help them put particular problems in these fields into a broader scientific context and thereby take advantage of the well-elaborated technique of the adjacent fields.
Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science

Author: Alwyn Scott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135455583

Category: Reference

Page: 1104

View: 771

In 438 alphabetically-arranged essays, this work provides a useful overview of the core mathematical background for nonlinear science, as well as its applications to key problems in ecology and biological systems, chemical reaction-diffusion problems, geophysics, economics, electrical and mechanical oscillations in engineering systems, lasers and nonlinear optics, fluid mechanics and turbulence, and condensed matter physics, among others.