Recoding Gender

Author: Janet Abbate

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262534536

Category: Computers

Page: 258

View: 651

The untold history of women and computing: how pioneering women succeeded in a field shaped by gender biases. Today, women earn a relatively low percentage of computer science degrees and hold proportionately few technical computing jobs. Meanwhile, the stereotype of the male “computer geek” seems to be everywhere in popular culture. Few people know that women were a significant presence in the early decades of computing in both the United States and Britain. Indeed, programming in postwar years was considered woman's work (perhaps in contrast to the more manly task of building the computers themselves). In Recoding Gender, Janet Abbate explores the untold history of women in computer science and programming from the Second World War to the late twentieth century. Demonstrating how gender has shaped the culture of computing, she offers a valuable historical perspective on today's concerns over women's underrepresentation in the field. Abbate describes the experiences of women who worked with the earliest electronic digital computers: Colossus, the wartime codebreaking computer at Bletchley Park outside London, and the American ENIAC, developed to calculate ballistics. She examines postwar methods for recruiting programmers, and the 1960s redefinition of programming as the more masculine “software engineering.” She describes the social and business innovations of two early software entrepreneurs, Elsie Shutt and Stephanie Shirley; and she examines the career paths of women in academic computer science. Abbate's account of the bold and creative strategies of women who loved computing work, excelled at it, and forged successful careers will provide inspiration for those working to change gendered computing culture.
Recoding the Boys' Club

Author: Daniel Kreiss

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197535943

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 936

"This book originated as an undergraduate research project and public report-which was an experience and outcome none of us could have anticipated when we started this research in late 2017. Over the course of a semester in spring 2018, a group of fourteen undergraduate women at the Hussman School of Journalism and Media at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill conducted most of the interviews for this book, helped with the data analysis, and presented our findings at an event in Washington D.C. with more than 100 practitioners from both sides of the aisle in the room. During the ensuing year, a smaller group of students worked to fashion the report into this book, conducting additional interviews, collecting and analyzing more data, and expanding our themes and findings. These undergraduate researchers did all of these things as they were stepping into their first jobs post-graduation shortly after launching the initial report and finishing the first draft of the book manuscript. Unfortunately, they subsequently encountered similar workplaces that their comparatively older peers described to them months earlier. In their first professional work, members of our research team experienced firsthand men acting unprofessionally and devaluing their skills because they were women. Others experienced unprofessional male bosses who yelled at all of their employees, regardless of gender. Others decided not to pursue certain opportunities because, thankfully, male allies warned them of toxic workplaces and the sexual behaviors of principals at political tech firms. Sadly, then, many of the findings in this book were validated by these women's own first experiences in the political workforce. At least this project prepared them for what was to come. But in offering up their experiences and advice our interviewees helped prepare the next generation for the workforce, even as they are helping to change it. It is in this spirit that we offer this book to you"--
PISA 2003 Data Analysis Manual SPSS

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264010666


Page: 412

View: 557

This publication provides all the information required to understand the PISA 2003 educational performance database and perform analyses in accordance with the complex methodologies used to collect and process the data. It includes worked examples providing full syntax in SPSS®.
Gaming the Iron Curtain

Author: Jaroslav Svelch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262038843

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 400

View: 469

How amateur programmers in 1980s Czechoslovakia discovered games as a medium, using them not only for entertainment but also as a means of self-expression. Aside from the exceptional history of Tetris, very little is known about gaming culture behind the Iron Curtain. But despite the scarcity of home computers and the absence of hardware and software markets, Czechoslovakia hosted a remarkably active DIY microcomputer scene in the 1980s, producing more than two hundred games that were by turns creative, inventive, and politically subversive. In Gaming the Iron Curtain, Jaroslav Švelch offers the first social history of gaming and game design in 1980s Czechoslovakia, and the first book-length treatment of computer gaming in any country of the Soviet bloc. Švelch describes how amateur programmers in 1980s Czechoslovakia discovered games as a medium, using them not only for entertainment but also as a means of self-expression. Sheltered in state-supported computer clubs, local programmers fashioned games into a medium of expression that, unlike television or the press, was neither regulated nor censored. In the final years of Communist rule, Czechoslovak programmers were among the first in the world to make activist games about current political events, anticipating trends observed decades later in independent or experimental titles. Drawing from extensive interviews as well as political, economic, and social history, Gaming the Iron Curtain tells a compelling tale of gaming the system, introducing us to individuals who used their ingenuity to be active, be creative, and be heard.

Author: Janet Vertesi

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691190600

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 462

New perspectives on digital scholarship that speak to today's computational realities Scholars across the humanities, social sciences, and information sciences are grappling with how best to study virtual environments, use computational tools in their research, and engage audiences with their results. Classic work in science and technology studies (STS) has played a central role in how these fields analyze digital technologies, but many of its key examples do not speak to today’s computational realities. This groundbreaking collection brings together a world-class group of contributors to refresh the canon for contemporary digital scholarship. In twenty-five pioneering and incisive essays, this unique digital field guide offers innovative new approaches to digital scholarship, the design of digital tools and objects, and the deployment of critically grounded technologies for analysis and discovery. Contributors cover a broad range of topics, including software development, hackathons, digitized objects, diversity in the tech sector, and distributed scientific collaborations. They discuss methodological considerations of social networks and data analysis, design projects that can translate STS concepts into durable scientific work, and much more. Featuring a concise introduction by Janet Vertesi and David Ribes and accompanied by an interactive microsite, this book provides new perspectives on digital scholarship that will shape the agenda for tomorrow’s generation of STS researchers and practitioners.
Recording Oral History

Author: Valerie Raleigh Yow

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 075910655X

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 911

In Recording Oral History, Second Edition, Valerie Raleigh Yow builds on the foundation of her classic text with a fully updated and substantially expanded new edition. One of the most widely used and highly regarded textbooks ever published in the field, Yow's updated edition now includes new material on using the internet, an examination of the interactions between oral history and memory processes, and analysis of testimony and the interpretation of meanings in different contexts. It will interest researchers and students in a wide variety of disciplines including history, sociology, anthropology, education, psychology, social work, and ethnographic methods.
Abstractions and Embodiments

Author: Janet Abbate

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421444376

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 672

"This anthology of original historical essays examines how social relations are enacted in and through computing using the twin frameworks of abstraction and embodiment. The book highlights a wide range of understudied contexts and experiences, such as computing and disability, working mothers as technical innovators, race and community formation, and gaming behind the Iron Curtain"--
Applied Statistics with SPSS

Author: Eelko Huizingh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446204160

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 932

Accessibly written and easy to use, Applied Statistics Using SPSS is an all-in-one self-study guide to SPSS and do-it-yourself guide to statistics. Based around the needs of undergraduate students embarking on their own research project, the text's self-help style is designed to boost the skills and confidence of those that will need to use SPSS in the course of doing their research project. The book is pedagogically well developed and contains many screen dumps and exercises, glossary terms and worked examples. Divided into two parts, Applied Statistics Using SPSS covers : 1. A self-study guide for learning how to use SPSS. 2. A reference guide for selecting the appropriate statistical technique and a stepwise do-it-yourself guide for analysing data and interpreting the results. 3. Readers of the book can download the SPSS data file that is used for most of the examples throughout the book here. Geared explicitly for undergraduate needs, this is an easy to follow SPSS book that should provide a step-by-step guide to research design and data analysis using SPSS.
Innovating Women

Author: Vivek Wadhwa

Publisher: Diversion Books

ISBN: 9781626813830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 438

"[A]? ?solid contribution to the growing popular literature on the subject."—PUBLISHERS WEEKLY From one of Time Magazine's "Forty Most Influential Minds in Technology” comes an essential collection of candid, first-hand accounts of women in technology. Women in technology are on the rise in both power and numbers, and now it's more important than ever to not lose that momentum, to "lean in" and close the gender gap. Although they make up half of the population, only 14% of engineers in the United States are women. They take the seeds of technological advancement and build something life-changing, potentially life-saving. The future of technology depends on the full and active participation of women and men working together, and it is vital that women are both educated and encouraged to go into the tech sectors. Hailed by Foreign Policy Magazine as a “Top 100 Global Thinker,” professor, researcher, and entrepreneur Vivek Wadhwa, alongside award-winning journalist Farai Chideya, set out to collect anecdotes and essays from global leaders, sharing how their experiences in innovative industries frame the future of entrepreneurship. With interviews and essays from hundreds of women in STEM fields, including Anousheh Ansari the first female private sector space explorer, former Google[X] VP and current CTO of the USA Megan Smith, Ory Okolloh of the Omidyar Network, venture capitalist Heidi Roizen and CEO of Nanobiosym Dr. Anita Goel, MD, PhD, Innovating Women offers perspectives on the challenges that women face, the strategies that they employ in the workplace, and how an organization can succeed or fail in its attempts to support the career advancement of women.
The Recording Machine

Author: Joshua Shannon

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300228441

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 927

A revealing look at the irrevocable change in art during the 1960s and its relationship to the modern culture of fact This refreshing and erudite book offers a new understanding of the transformation of photography and the visual arts around 1968. Author Joshua Shannon reveals an oddly stringent realism in the period, tracing artists’ rejection of essential truths in favor of surface appearances. Dubbing this tendency factualism, Shannon illuminates not only the Cold War’s preoccupation with data but also the rise of a pervasive culture of fact. Focusing on the United States and West Germany, where photodocumentary traditions intersected with 1960s politics, Shannon investigates a broad variety of art, ranging from conceptual photography and earthworks to photorealist painting and abstraction. He looks closely at art by Bernd and Hilla Becher, Robert Bechtle, Vija Celmins, Douglas Huebler, Gerhard Richter, and others. These artists explored fact’s role as a modern paradigm for talking, thinking, and knowing. Their art, Shannon concludes, helps to explain both the ambivalent anti-humanism of today’s avant-garde art and our own culture of fact.
Software Rights

Author: Gerardo Con Daz

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300228397

Category: Computer software

Page: 384

View: 487

A new perspective on United States software development, seen through the patent battles that shaped our technological landscape This first comprehensive history of software patenting explores how patent law made software development the powerful industry that it is today. Historian Gerardo Con Díaz reveals how patent law has transformed the ways computing firms make, own, and profit from software. He shows that securing patent protection for computer programs has been a central concern among computer developers since the 1950s and traces how patents and copyrights became inseparable from software development in the Internet age. Software patents, he argues, facilitated the emergence of software as a product and a technology, enabled firms to challenge each other's place in the computing industry, and expanded the range of creations for which American intellectual property law provides protection. Powerful market forces, aggressive litigation strategies, and new cultures of computing usage and development transformed software into one of the most controversial technologies ever to encounter the American patent system.
Recording Culture

Author: Christopher A. Scales

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822353386

Category: Music

Page: 338

View: 403

Drawing on his ethnographic research at powwow grounds and in recording studios, Christopher A. Scales examines the ways that powwow drum groups have utilized recording technology in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, the unique aesthetic principles of recorded powwow music, and the relationships between drum groups and the Native music labels and recording studios.