The automotive lubricants arena has undergone significant changes since the first edition of this book was published in 1996. Environmental concerns, particularly reagarding improvement of ar quality have been important in recent years, Reduced emmissions are directly related to changes in lubricant specifications and quality, and the second edition of the Automotive Lubricants Reference Book reflects the urgency of such matters by including updated and expanded detail. This second edition also considers the recent phenomenon of increased consolidation within the oil and petroleum additive arenas, which has resulted in fewer poeple for research, devlopment, and implementation, along with fewer competing companies. After reviewing the first edition the authors have fully reviewed and updated the information to fit in with the changes in technology and markets. Chapters include, Introduction and Fundamentals Constituents of Modern Lubricants Crankcase Oil Testing Crankcase Oil Quality Levels and Formulations Practical Experiences with Lubricant Problems Performance Levels, Classification, Specification, and Approval of Engine Lubricants. Other Lubricants for Road Vehicles Other Specialized Oils of Interest Blending, Storage, Purchase, and Use Safety Health, and the Environment The Future.
This indispensable book describes lubricant additives, their synthesis, chemistry, and mode of action. All important areas of application are covered, detailing which lubricants are needed for a particular application. Laboratory and field performance data for each application is provided and the design of cost-effective, environmentally friendly technologies is fully explored. This edition includes new chapters on chlorohydrocarbons, foaming chemistry and physics, antifoams for nonaqueous lubricants, hydrogenated styrene–diene viscosity modifiers, alkylated aromatics, and the impact of REACh and GHS on the lubricant industry.
The aim of the Liberty was to standardize aircraft engine design. The theory was to have an engine design that could be built in several sizes and thus power airplanes for any purpose, from training to bombing. The differences in sizes would be obtained by using different numbers of cylinders in the same design. A large number of other parts would also be used in common by all resulting sizes of the engine series. The initial concept called for four-, six-, eight- and 12-cylinder models. An X-24 version was built experimentally, and one- and two-cylinder models were built for testing purposes. The engine design eventually saw use on land, sea, and in the air, and its active military career spanned the years 1917 to 1960. In addition, it provided noble service in a multitude of civilian uses, and still does even today, some 90 years after the first engine ran. This book covers the complete history of the Liberty's design, production, and use in amazing detail and includes appendices covering contracts, testing, specifications, and much more.
Building on the cornerstone of the first edition, Lubrication Fundamentals Second Edition outlines the emergence of higher performance-specialty application oils and greases and emphasizes the need for lubrication and careful lubricant selection. Thoroughly updated and rewritten since the previous edition reached its 10th printing, the book discuss