One of the most heartening developments in climate change mitigation in recent years has been the increasing attention paid to the principle of ‘thinking globally and acting locally’. The failure of the international community to reach significant global agreements on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions has led local governments, environmental organisations and citizens themselves to focus increasingly on the local possibilities for action on climate change. This book analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the co-production of climate policies that take place where citizen engagement and local initiatives converge with public agencies. Case studies from Northern Europe, Australia/New Zealand and the USA reveal that traditional individualist approaches to promoting environmental behaviour epitomised by information campaigns and economic incentives cannot trigger the deep behavioural changes required to materially improve our response to climate change. Only by marshalling the forces of thousands, and eventually millions of citizens, can we manage to reach environmental sceptics, reinforce political action and create the new social norms that are sorely needed in our local, and global, response to climate change. This book will be of great relevance to scholars and policy makers with an interest in climate change politics and governance, community engagement and sustainable development.
Global warming is changing the world as we know it. Climate change can have catastrophic impacts in numerous cities across the world. It is time for us to react – quickly and effectively. The European Community (EC) has been leading the fight against climate change, making it one of its top priorities. We have introduced the most ambitious targets of their kind, known as the “20/20/20 by 2020” initiative within the “Climate Action and Renewable Energy Package.” As a result, European Member States have taken on a commitment to curb their CO emissions by at least 20% by 2020. 2 These targets are indeed commendable; however, they are only the start if we are to avoid the consequences of global warming. Whilst top level coordination from the European Institutions and Member State governments is vital, the role of mitigating and adapting to climate change at local level must not be forgotten. In fact, here cities, regions and their citizens play a significant a role. It is therefore vital they become directly involved in the climate change challenge. The European Commission therefore launched in 2008 a new initiative, the Covenant of Mayors, which brings together a network of European mayors in a voluntary effort to go beyond the European Union’s already ambitious targets. Half of our greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) are created in and by cities.
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
Why have many U.S. administrations focused so explicitly on technology in their climate policy approaches? What enabled the Bush administration to justify its vehement opposition to absolute emissions targets with a longer-term technological vision? This volume argues that the administration's strategy can only be understood by considering cultural conceptions of technology and the environment that have developed over centuries and are deeply embedded in American environmental thought. Author Peter Schniering has been working on international climate and energy policy since 2002, working as a consultant to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the International Energy Agency. This book is based on his dissertation.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Contents: From Study to Commitment: The U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); Developing Programs: The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT); Comparing EPACT and the UNFCCC; UNFCCC Results: Action: George H. W. Bush Admin. National Action Plan: ¿No Regrets¿; The Clinton Admin. National Action Plans: Industrial Strength ¿No Regrets¿; Kyoto and S. Res. 98; George W. Bush Admin. National Action Plan: Abjuring an Emissions Reduction Goal; Looking for New Directions: Senate Amendment 866 [109th Congress] and S. 2191 [110th Congress]; Pres. Obama, the 111th Congress, and Climate Change; Addressing the Three-Cs: Emerging Price Versus Quantity Debate; Battle of Policy Perspectives. Illus.
Now that the Bush Administration has kiboshed the Kyoto Protocol, are efforts to curtail global warming dead? Are even more technical studies called for? The issue of global warming would appear to be one which will force pollution control even before the public will need to walk around with gas masks as part of their daily attire. Such controls, however, will require a gutsy administration in Washington which may not surface in the short run. This new book brings presents the issues of global climate change in a crystal clear manner leaving no doubt that a crisis is enveloping the world.
The United States is often perceived as sceptical, if not hostile, to the need to address man-made climate change. US government policy has undoubtedly disappointed environmentalists and scientists who believe more concerted action is needed, but a careful examination of the evidence reveals a number of policy actions designed to investigate, mitigate, and adapt to climate change have been implemented. Laws, regulatory action, and court rulings have led to advances in climate science, action to reduce levels of greenhouse gas emissions and efforts to prepare for the potential consequences of climate change. In this important book Chris Bailey explains and details the challenges and achievements of US climate change policy from its origins to the present day.