With pedagogical philosophy and practice changing significantly,faculty development has become much more important. Each chapter in this volume identifies particular areas ofopportunity, and although the authors recognize that not everyinitiative suggested can be implemented by allinstitutions—circumstances such as institutional mission,available resources, and governance issues will dictatethat—it is their hope that every reader will be able to gleandetails that might provide a spark or fan a flame on campus. Aseducators themselves, McKee, Johnson, Ritchie, and Tew invite youto consider the challenges, explore the possibilities, and jointhem on the journey. This is the 133rd volume of this Jossey-Bass highereducation series. New Directions for Teaching andLearning offers a comprehensive range of ideas andtechniques for improving college teaching based on the experienceof seasoned instructors and the latest findings of educational andpsychological researchers.
Learner-centered approaches to teaching, such as small group discussions, debates, role plays and project-based assignments, help students develop critical thinking, creativity and problem-solving skills. However, more traditional lecture-based approaches still predominate in classrooms in higher education institutions around the world. Faculty development programs can support faculty members to adopt new teaching methods, even in situations where they face significant challenges due to lack of resources, on-going conflict, political upheaval, or the legacy of colonialism in their educational systems. This volume presents research and practice on faculty development for improving teaching in developing countries. Based on the concept that "we teach as we were taught," the case studies in this volume describe ways to organize professional development to help higher education faculty members shift from lecture-based to active learning teaching for students who will become the next generation of teachers, practitioners, professionals and policymakers in their respective countries.
The role of educational developer in the realm of service-learning and community engagement (S-LCE) is multidimensional. Given the potentially transformational nature--for both faculty and students--of the experiences and courses in whose design they may be directly or indirectly involved, as well as their responsibility to the communities served by these initiatives, they have to be particularly attentive to issues of identity, values, and roles. As both practitioners and facilitators, they are often positioned as third-space professionals. This edited volume provides educational developers and community engagement professionals an analysis of approaches to faculty development around service-learning and community engagement. Using an openly self-reflective approach, the contributors to this volume offer an array of examples and models, as well as realistic strategies, to empower readers to evolve their faculty development efforts in service-learning and community engagement on their respective campuses. It is also a call for recognition that the practice of S-LCE needs to be institutionalized and improved. The book further addresses the field’s potential contributions to scholarship, such as the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL), publically engaged scholarship, and collaborative inquiry, among others. The case studies provide an outline of program models and promising practices, including an authentic analysis of the institutional context within which they operate, the positionality of the practitioner-scholars overseeing them, the resources required, and the evidence related to both successes and challenges of these approaches. The contributed chapters are organized under four themes: the landscape of faculty development and community engagement; models of faculty development in S-LCE; challenges and opportunities in pedagogy and partnerships; and engendering change in educational development.
The first decade of the 21st century brought major challenges to higher education, all of which have implications for and impact the future of faculty professional development. This volume provides the field with an important snapshot of faculty development structures, priorities and practices in a period of change, and uses the collective wisdom of those engaged with teaching, learning, and faculty development centers and programs to identify important new directions for practice. Building on their previous study of a decade ago, published under the title of Creating the Future of Faculty Development, the authors explore questions of professional preparation and pathways, programmatic priorities, collaboration, and assessment. Since the publication of this earlier study, the pressures on faculty development have only escalated—demands for greater accountability from regional and disciplinary accreditors, fiscal constraints, increasing diversity in types of faculty appointments, and expansion of new technologies for research and teaching. Centers have been asked to address a wider range of institutional issues and priorities based on these challenges. How have they responded and what strategies should centers be considering? These are the questions this book addresses. For this new study the authors re-surveyed faculty developers on perceived priorities for the field as well as practices and services offered. They also examined more deeply than the earlier study the organization of faculty development, including characteristics of directors; operating budgets and staffing levels of centers; and patterns of collaboration, re-organization and consolidation. In doing so they elicited information on centers’ “signature programs,” and the ways that they assess the impact of their programs on teaching and learning and other key outcomes. What emerges from the findings are what the authors term a new Age of Evidence, influenced by heightened stakeholder interest in the outcomes of undergraduate education and characterized by a focus on assessing the impact of instruction on student learning, of academic programs on student success, and of faculty development in institutional mission priorities. Faculty developers are responding to institutional needs for assessment, at the same time as they are being asked to address a wider range of institutional priorities in areas such as blended and online teaching, diversity, and the scale-up of evidence-based practices. They face the need to broaden their audiences, and address the needs of part-time, non-tenure-track, and graduate student instructors as well as of pre-tenure and post-tenure faculty. They are also feeling increased pressure to demonstrate the “return on investment” of their programs. This book describes how these faculty development and institutional needs and priorities are being addressed through linkages, collaborations, and networks across institutional units; and highlights the increasing role of faculty development professionals as organizational “change agents” at the department and institutional levels, serving as experts on the needs of faculty in larger organizational discussions.
An annual publication of the Professional and Organizational Development Network in Higher Education (POD), To Improve the Academy offers a resource for improvement in higher education to faculty and instructional development staff, department chairs, faculty, deans, student services staff, chief academic officers, and educational consultants. Contents include: Evidence-based changes in faculty and organizational development Creative collaboration between faculty and technologists Integrating research on teaching and learning and the practice of teaching Formal and informal support for pretenure faculty Strategies to support senior faculty Faculty development and productivity Using e-portfolios in hybrid professional development Developing a faculty learning community grounded in the science of how people learn Assessing the long-term impact of a professional development program An analysis of faculty development scholarship Program planning, prioritizing, and improvement A consultations tracking database system for improving faculty development consultation services Graduate assistant development Using undergraduates to prepare international teaching assistants for the American classroom Tracking perceptions of preparation for future faculty competencies Student consultants of color and faculty members working together toward culturally sustaining pedagogy Measuring student learning to document faculty teaching effectiveness Learning with mobile apps Slow pedagogy, curriculum, assessment, and professional development Principles of video games that can enhance teaching The Reacting to the Past pedagogy and engaging the first-year student
The complexities of 21st-century life—personal, social,cultural, and environmental—demand thoughtful responses,responses fostered and enhanced through contemplative experience.Contemplative education includes studies of the history,psychology, and socialcultural context of such experience, as wellas the development of experiential knowledge through one or morepersonal practices. Contemplative education has recently emerged in the academy.Although there has been significant published discussion ofpostsecondary courses and programs that incorporate contemplativeviews and practices, there have been few studies of relevantcurricula and pedagogy. This volume integrates research, theory,and practice through a fusion of perspectives and approaches,giving readers the opportunity to review contemplative educationalconcepts and applications in academic, social, and institutionaldomains. This is the 134th volume of this Jossey-Bass higher educationseries. New Directions for Teaching and Learning offers acomprehensive range of ideas and techniques for improving collegeteaching based on the experience of seasoned instructors and thelatest findings of educational and psychological researchers.
This updated edition enables readers to understand how academic libraries deliver information, offer services, and provide learning spaces in new ways to better meet the needs of today's students, faculty, and other communities of academic library users.
Professional development for faculty has been growing for decades in teaching and learning centers. In the twenty-first century, higher education has entered a startling transformation, and pedagogical philosophy and practice are changing along with the rest of the academy, making faculty development that much more important. Each chapter in this volume identifies particular areas of opportunity, and although the authors recognize that not every initiative suggested can be implemented by all institutions (circumstances such as institutonal mission, available resource, and governance issues will dictate that), it is their hope that every reader will be able to glean details that might provide a spark or fan a flame on campus. As educators themselves, they invite the reader to consider the challenges, explore the possibilities, and join them on their journey.
This book is a step-by-step guide for improving student learning in higher education. The authors argue that a fundamental obstacle to improvement is that higher educators, administrators, and assessment professionals do not know how to improve student learning at scale. By this they mean improvement efforts that span an entire program, affecting all affiliated students. The authors found that faculty and administrators particularly struggle to conceptualize and implement multi-section, multi-course improvement efforts. It is unsurprising that ambitious, wide-reaching improvement efforts like these would pose difficulty in their organization and implementation. This is precisely the problem the authors address. The book provides practical strategies for learning improvement, enabling faculty to collaborate, and integrating leadership, social dynamics, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and faculty development. In Chapter 2, the authors tell a program-level improvement story from the perspective of a faculty member. Chapter 3 inverts Chapter 2. Beginning from the re-assess stage, the authors work their way back to the individual faculty member first pondering whether she can do something to impact students’ skills. They peel back each layer of the process and imagine how learning improvement efforts might be thwarted at each stage. Chapters 4 through 9 dig deeper into the learning improvement steps introduced in Chapters 2 and 3. Each chapter provides strategies to help higher educators climb each step successfully. Chapter 10 paints a picture of what higher education could look like in 2041 if learning improvement were embraced. And, finally, Chapter 11 describes what you can do to support the movement.
Learning analytics (or educational big data) tools are increasingly being deployed on campuses to improve student performance, retention and completion, especially when those metrics are tied to funding. Providing personalized, real-time, actionable feedback through mining and analysis of large data sets, learning analytics can illuminate trends and predict future outcomes. While promising, there is limited and mixed empirical evidence related to its efficacy to improve student retention and completion. Further, learning analytics tools are used by a variety of people on campus, and as such, its use in practice may not align with institutional intent. This monograph delves into the research, literature, and issues associated with learning analytics implementation, adoption, and use by individuals within higher education institutions. With it, readers will gain a greater understanding of the potential and challenges related to implementing, adopting, and integrating these systems on their campuses and within their classrooms and advising sessions. This is the fifth issue of the 43rd volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.
While Active Learning Classrooms, or ALCs, offer rich new environments for learning, they present many new challenges to faculty because, among other things, they eliminate the room’s central focal point and disrupt the conventional seating plan to which faculty and students have become accustomed. The importance of learning how to use these classrooms well and to capitalize on their special features is paramount. The potential they represent can be realized only when they facilitate improved learning outcomes and engage students in the learning process in a manner different from traditional classrooms and lecture halls. This book provides an introduction to ALCs, briefly covering their history and then synthesizing the research on these spaces to provide faculty with empirically based, practical guidance on how to use these unfamiliar spaces effectively. Among the questions this book addresses are: • How can instructors mitigate the apparent lack of a central focal point in the space? • What types of learning activities work well in the ALCs and take advantage of the affordances of the room? • How can teachers address familiar classroom-management challenges in these unfamiliar spaces? • If assessment and rapid feedback are critical in active learning, how do they work in a room filled with circular tables and no central focus point? • How do instructors balance group learning with the needs of the larger class? • How can students be held accountable when many will necessarily have their backs facing the instructor? • How can instructors evaluate the effectiveness of their teaching in these spaces? This book is intended for faculty preparing to teach in or already working in this new classroom environment; for administrators planning to create ALCs or experimenting with provisionally designed rooms; and for faculty developers helping teachers transition to using these new spaces.