The Kurdish Liberation Movement in Iraq

Author: Yaniv Voller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0367868334

Category:

Page: 176

View: 197

Investigating the transformation of the Kurdish liberation movement in Iraq this book explores its development from an armed guerrilla movement, engaged in a war for liberation with the government in Baghdad, into the government of a de facto Kurdish state known as the Kurdistan Regional Government. The book seeks to better explain the nature and evolution of the Kurdish liberation struggle in Iraq, which has had important implications over regional geopolitics. Despite attracting growing international attention, the struggle remains understudied. By applying the theoretical framework of de facto statehood to the post-1991 Kurdish liberation movement, the book offers a new approach to understanding the struggle, with a thorough empirical investigation informed by International Relations theory. Identifying international legitimacy, interaction and identity as significant themes in the politics of de facto states and important variables shaping the evolution and policies of these actors, at both the domestic and international levels, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of International Relations, Middle East Politics and Political Science.
The United States, Iraq and the Kurds

Author: Mohammed Shareef

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317962434

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 282

This book provides a descriptive and analytical narrative of the evolution of US foreign policy towards Iraq at the supra-national (global), national (Arab Iraq) and sub-national (Iraqi Kurdistan) levels. The book is unique in that it presents a sophisticated insight into the two major components of US Iraq policy. To achieve this, it addresses US foreign policy towards both Arab Iraq and an entirely original analysis on US policy towards the Iraqi Kurds as components of a larger US Iraq policy, dictated by the supreme US Grand Strategy. The book also examines whether US foreign policy towards Iraq has been one of continuity or change – a dimension that has not been illustrated in any other publication. The book deals intelligently and at great length with the events surrounding US Iraq policy in three distinct phases, going back to, 1979 with regard to Arab Iraq, and 1961 in respect to the Kurdish liberation movement, covering all subsequent US administrations including the Obama presidency. It provides a thorough examination of US interests in Iraq and reasons for the 2003 invasion and its aftermath. It also engages with the intellectual roots of US foreign policy, presenting an intricate reaction of views, objectives and agendas. This work will be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East studies, US Foreign Policy and Security studies.
From Rebellion to de Facto Statehood

Author: Yaniv Voller

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:847540982

Category:

Page:

View: 152

In 1991, following its defeat in the first Gulf War and out of fear of a humanitarian catastrophe, the Iraqi army and state-apparatus were forced to withdraw from the three Kurdish-population governorates in Northern Iraq. This left an administrative vacuum that was filled by the leadership of the Kurdish fragmented guerrilla movement - now a de facto Kurdish state in Northern Iraq, known as the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). Instead of achieving their goal of an autonomous (and in the long-term even independent) Kurdistan through insurgency or guerrilla warfare, the Kurdish leadership came to see state- and institution-building as the most efficient path. De facto statehood has had a significant impact on the development of the KRG, its state-building, its interaction with the international community, and its policies. As demonstrated in the growing literature on de facto states, the pursuit of international legitimacy often plays a key role in shaping their conduct and identity, paving the way toward substantial, though fragile, achievements in state-building. The purpose of this research is to contribute to the study of de facto states by exploring the case of the KRG. It argues that the pursuit of legitimacy is essential for the understanding of de facto states, mainly due to its potential to generate interaction between the de facto state and different segments of the international community. Transnational advocacy is found to be particularly significant, including diaspora activism for conveying ideas and encouraging interaction. By examining the evolution of the Kurdish national liberation movement from 1958 to 2010, this research aims to better explain the dynamics that shape de facto states in general, and to contribute to the study of the KRG as a de facto state in particular, including its development, and its domestic and foreign policies.
The Kurdish Political Struggles in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey

Author: A. Manafy

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114508109

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 838

The Kurdish Political Struggles in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey fills the gap within scholarship of the Kurdish political conflict. This study has both analytical and theoretical value. Since it is not reductionistic, the book contributes significantly to analysis of international relations, comparative politics, and foreign policy formulation. Thus far, there has not been a systematic and theoretical analysis of the Kurdish liberation struggles. Uniquely, this study enhances comparative scholarship and reveals the scope and intensity of the problem under consideration. The Kurdish Political Struggles in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey reflects the dimension of human rights violations and informs the readers of the Kurdish political culture and their long history of conflict.
The Kurdish Liberation Movement in Iraq

Author: Yaniv Voller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134590896

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 295

Investigating the transformation of the Kurdish liberation movement in Iraq this book explores its development from an armed guerrilla movement, engaged in a war for liberation with the government in Baghdad, into the government of a de facto Kurdish state known as the Kurdistan Regional Government. The book seeks to better explain the nature and evolution of the Kurdish liberation struggle in Iraq, which has had important implications over regional geopolitics. Despite attracting growing international attention, the struggle remains understudied. By applying the theoretical framework of de facto statehood to the post-1991 Kurdish liberation movement, the book offers a new approach to understanding the struggle, with a thorough empirical investigation informed by International Relations theory. Identifying international legitimacy, interaction and identity as significant themes in the politics of de facto states and important variables shaping the evolution and policies of these actors, at both the domestic and international levels, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of International Relations, Middle East Politics and Political Science.
War and Peace in Kurdistan - International Initiative Edition

Author: Abdullah Öcalan

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9783942961042

Category: History

Page: 40

View: 270

The Kurdish settlement area comprises the entire Middle East. Strong Kurdish minorities live in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. Hence, all Kurdish aspirations to nationhood will always involve several Middle Eastern countries and sources of conflict. In this essay, Abdullah Öcalan gives an overview of the historical background of the Kurdish quest for nationhood and offers options and possible solutions.
What Kind of Liberation?

Author: Nadje Al-Ali

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520257294

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 705

"There is something to learn, literally, on every page here."--Cynthia Enloe, from the foreword "This is a fluent and highly informed account of the women of Iraq during a time of ever increasing political turmoil, economic disaster and foreign invasion. It gives a fascinating insight into the way Iraqi society really works and is far superior in quality to most of what has been written about Iraq in war and peace."--Patrick Cockburn, author of Muqtada: Muqtada al-Sadr, the Shia Revival, and the Struggle for Iraq
Kurdish Islamists in Iraq from the Muslim Brotherhood to the So-Called Islamic State

Author: Mohammed Shareef

Publisher: King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies (KFCRIS)

ISBN: 9786038032657

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 343

The major Islamist groups in the Kurdistan region of Iraq have long been part of the political landscape both at the subnational Kurdistan level and at the Iraqi national level. They gradually emerged in the late 1980s and became more visible and pronounced as a result of the atrocities inflicted on the Kurdish people under Saddam Hussein’s brutal regime. Subsequently the Kurdish Islamist groups became a fixture on the formal Kurdish political stage in 1991 after the popular Kurdish uprising in the spring of that year. The Islamists have so far not become a major determining factor in Kurdish politics, yet they are nonetheless significant and effective. In the mid-1990s they became for a short while a vehicle for protest votes against the two major Kurdish political parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the PUK (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan).
The Kurdish Women's Freedom Movement

Author: Isabel Käser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009021890

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 342

Amidst ongoing wars and insecurities, female fighters, politicians and activists of the Kurdish Freedom Movement are building a new political system that centres gender equality. Since the Rojava Revolution, the international focus has been especially on female fighters, a gaze that has often been essentialising and objectifying, brushing over a much more complex history of violence and resistance. Going beyond Orientalist tropes of the female freedom fighter, and the movement's own narrative of the 'free woman', Isabel Käser looks at personal trajectories and everyday processes of becoming a militant in this movement. Based on in-depth ethnographic research in Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan, with women politicians, martyr mothers and female fighters, she looks at how norms around gender and sexuality have been rewritten and how new meanings and practices have been assigned to women in the quest for Kurdish self-determination. Her book complicates prevailing notions of gender and war and creates a more nuanced understanding of the everyday embodied epistemologies of violence, conflict and resistance.
Red Star Over Iraq

Author: Johan Franzén

Publisher: Hurst Publishers

ISBN: 9781849041010

Category: Communism

Page: 276

View: 773

'Red Star Over Iraq' analyses the twists and turns of the ICP from its inception until its ultimate demise as a significant political force at the hands of Saddam Hussein in 1979. JOHAN FRANZEN is lecturer in Middle East Politics at the University of East Anglia. He holds a PhD in Middle East history from SOAS and has published extensively on the politics and history of the Arab world.