The Rhetoric of the Abstract in English and Spanish Scientific Discourse

Author: Pedro Martín-Martín

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039106384

Category: English language

Page: 232

View: 729

Scientific discourse is increasingly internationalised, as a result of the great influence that the discourse conventions of the international English-speaking academic community exert on scientific communication worldwide. Contrastive rhetoric studies, however, have shown that the particular configuration of different discourse communities may have an influence on the construction of genres. This book explores rhetorical preferences in the research article abstract genre. The main focus of the study is an investigation of the extent to which there is cross-linguistic variation in terms of the rhetorical strategies used by writers in abstracts to foreground their main knowledge claims and present themselves as qualified discourse community members. From a quantitative and qualitative perspective, the author compares the rhetorical structure and other socio-pragmatic features of abstracts written in English for international scientific journals with those written in Spanish for Spanish journals in the experimental social sciences, and more specifically in the disciplines of phonetics and psychology. In the interpretation of results, the author mainly draws on socio-cultural and contextual factors to account for cross-cultural rhetorical variation.
Cross-linguistic and Cross-cultural Perspectives on Academic Discourse

Author: Eija Suomela-Salmi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027254375

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 313

View: 186

The goal of this volume is to examine academic discourse (AD) from cross-linguistic and cross-cultural perspectives. The adjective "Cross-cultural" in the volume title is not just limited to national contexts but also includes a cross-disciplinary perspective. Twelve scientific fields are under scrutiny in the articles. One of the unique aspects of the volume is the inclusion of a variety of foreign languages (English (as a lingua franca), Spanish, French, Swedish, Russian, German, Italian, and Norwegian). Besides, in several articles dealing with oral AD, comparisons and parallels are also established with written AD. The research methodologies used in the studies are varied and they offer an overview of the diversity and richness of approaches to AD. All in all, it is hoped that the volume appeals not only to young researchers but also to confirmed scholars interested in cross-linguistic and cross-cultural aspects of AD. It will also be of interest to language teachers or teachers who are involved with e.g. international students and academic mobility.
English as a Scientific and Research Language

Author: Ramón Plo Alastrué

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781614516378

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 376

View: 759

This volume examines the role of English in academic and research settings in Europe and provides recommendations on the challenges posed by the dominance of English over national languages as languages of science and research dissemination; the need for language support for academics that need to disseminate their research in English; and the effect of past and present language policies.
Dialogue, Science and Academic Writing

Author: Zohar Livnat

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027210302

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 223

View: 940

This book investigates the dialogic nature of research articles from the perspective of discourse analysis, based on theories of dialogicity. It proposes a theoretical and applied framework for the understanding and exploration of scientific dialogicity. Focusing on some dialogic components, among them citations, concession, inclusive we and interrogatives, a combined model of scientific dialogicity is proposed, that reflects the place and role of various linguistic structures against the background of various theoretical approaches to dialogicity. Taking this combined model as a basis, the analysis demonstrates how scientific dialogicity is realized in an actual scientific dispute and how a scientific project is constructed step by step by means of a dialogue with its readers and discourse community. A number of different patterns of scientific dialogicity are offered, characterized by the different levels of the polemic held with the research world and other specific researchers – from the “classic”, moderate and polite dialogicity to a direct and personal confrontation between scientists.
Constructing Interpersonality

Author: Enrique Lafuente-Millán

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443820271

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 380

View: 634

The view that academic discourse is, by definition, impersonal has long been superseded. It seems unquestionable now that the interpersonal component of texts, that is, the ways in which the writers project themselves and their audience in the discourse, is an essential factor determining the success of scholarly communication and has become a fundamental issue in the field of English for Academic Purposes (EAP). Interpersonality is the key issue around which the articles in this edited book focus on. The eighteen contributions included in this volume provide a wide exploratory view of the many academic genres in which interpersonality is manifested and the various analytical approaches from which the textual manifestation of that interpersonality can be studied. The varied origin of the contributors is also representative of the global interest that the issue of interpersonality arouses in the field of academic discourse analysis at an international level. The present volume constitutes a highly valuable tool for applied linguists and discourse analysts with an interest in EAP as well as for students, instructors and language teachers interested in academic discourse. The book may also be of interest to other agents intervening in the research publication process, such as translators, proofreaders, reviewers and editors.
English as an Additional Language in Research Publication and Communication

Author: Sally Burgess

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 303911462X

Category: Academic writing

Page: 272

View: 816

This book brings together a collection of selected empirical studies by researchers and English for Academic Purposes professionals working with scholars who use English as an additional language and who face barriers to publication when communicating the results of their research in the international context. The contributions have their origins in papers and workshops presented at the conference «Publishing and Presenting Research Internationally: Issues for Speakers of English as an Additional Language» (PRISEAL), which took place at the University of La Laguna (Spain) from 11 to 13 January 2007. The various issues which are addressed in this volume are grouped into three main themes: 1. Descriptive studies of linguistic and rhetorical features of written and spoken academic genres. 2. Contrastive studies of academic discourse with a focus on rhetorical preferences of members of scientific communities across cultures, disciplines and genres. 3. Studies which evaluate English for Academic Purposes courses and materials in terms of how successfully they develop the scholar's ability to communicate more effectively in English.
Frameworks for Discursive Actions and Practices of the Law

Author: Jan Engberg

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527525818

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 478

View: 114

This volume provides descriptive and interpretive insights into the ‘living’ usage of language and other semiotic modes in building and performing the law across academic, professional and institutional contexts, where issues arise from the meaning and function of legal texts, discourse and genre in constituting and enabling conventions, albeit dynamically, and account for the socially and (inter)culturally influenced forms of discursive actions and practices. The twenty contributions included here weave significant contexts and situations for legal discourse and practice into a tight thread, and justify selected topic areas through a variety of approaches, frameworks, methodologies, and procedures. As such, this publication is multidimensional and multiperspectival in its design and implementation of key issues confronting discursive actions and practices of the law, and provides an invaluable resource for academics in a wider range of disciplines, including linguistics, applied linguistics and communication studies. It will also be of interest to students of interdisciplinary discourse analysis.
Publishing Research in English as an Additional Language

Author: Margaret Cargill

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 9781925261523

Category: Education

Page: 279

View: 463

Many universities worldwide now require established and novice scholars, as well as PhD students, to publish in English in international journals. This growing trend gives rise to multiple interrelated questions, which this volume seeks to address through the perspectives of a group of researchers and practitioners who met in Coimbra, Portugal in 2015 for the PRISEAL and MET conferences. The volume offers truly global coverage, with chapters focusing on vastly different geo-social areas, and disciplines from the humanities to the hard sciences. It will be of interest to applied linguists, particularly those working in the area of English for Research Publication Purposes, and to language professionals working in research writing support, research supervision and academic publishing, as well as to journal editors and managers.
Rethinking academic writing pedagogy for the European university

Author: Ruth Breeze

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789401207959

Category: Education

Page: 186

View: 222

All over Europe, universities are moving over to English as the language of instruction. This development has been accelerated by global forces, and its pedagogical consequences have yet to be fully explored. This book examines this situation from the point of view of students and teachers, focusing particularly on the acquisition of English language writing skills in European university contexts. It takes an academic approach, and is firmly grounded in the bibliography on teaching academic writing to second language users in English-speaking countries, as well as in the bibliography on teaching English in Europe in higher education. In addition to providing sound pedagogical guidelines, it also brings together the most recent critiques of current practice and an overview of the innovative approaches devised in the last ten years. This is a book for all those who are involved in the changing European university scenario: English teachers and writing instructors, lecturers faced with the challenge of teaching their courses in English, university administrators and decision-makers.

Author: Christoph Haase

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443830997

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 225

View: 405

This volume represents an outgrowth of the 7th international ATECR conference, which brought together researchers and educators from fields as diverse as language teaching in a variety of contexts, corpus linguistics and literary studies. The contributions in this volume show— despite their diversity—a strong common denominator: an aim to bundle efforts and unify parameters in order to optimize English Language Teaching as a world-wide endeavor. Thus, for our teaching it can only be beneficial when linguists talk to literary-minded teachers or methodology specialists investigate whether their theoretical underpinnings make their way into practice by talking to language instructors or language service providers. In general, the authors present a multifaceted picture of the English Language Teaching context with themselves as practitioners but also as investigators and researchers at the same time. The research that reflects back on their teaching thus creates a force-feedback loop not only for the investigating scholar but also for the practicing instructor who reapplies his/her knowledge after failed or suboptimal attempts as evidenced by the data.