Trade and Environment Governance at the World Trade Organization Committee on Trade and Environment

Author: Manuel Teehankee

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 940352202X

Category:

Page: 424

View: 988

In the opinion of many, the most crucial issue confronting the world today lies in achieving a sustainable nexus among global trade, economic development, and the environment. This book, written by a prominent diplomat with extensive direct experience in this field, presents a much-needed critical perspective on the conflict of norms among the three policy regimes, focusing on the dilemma of reconciling approaches regarding harmonized global governance and a more diverse community-based approach. It is the first and only in-depth treatment to systematically study a series of deliberations in the World Trade Organization's Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE), highlighting perspectives taken by both developed and developing economies. The book demonstrates that the CTE's contributions to the evolving trade and environment policy framework have been, contrary to popular perception, both substantial and relevant. In his review of how the particular characteristics of twenty key work outputs of the CTE impact current practice in trade and environment policy discussions, the author discusses such key issues and topics as the following: a singular harmonized global governance framework versus the centrifugal force of community-based, localized or regional solutions that emphasize diversity and multifaceted institution building; drawbacks and continuing relevance of the CTE Work Agenda; issues related to carbon, intellectual property rights, and services; market access for environmental goods; requirements for environmental purposes relating to products, including standards and technical regulations, packaging, labeling, and recycling; and ways forward for combining global regimes with local solutions in an environmental context. Given the urgent need for making economic policies more coherent with sustainability and environmental goals, and for overcoming the ongoing stalemate between developed and developing countries on this matter, this book is sure to be warmly welcomed by policy makers and negotiators in the areas of both trade and environment, as well as by academics, theorists, and experts in the field of global governance interested in formulating practical approaches to trade and environment governance and minimizing potential policy conflicts.
World Trade Governance and Developing Countries

Author: Kofi Oteng Kufuor

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

ISBN: 1405116773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 115

View: 468

An exploration of how developing countries have shaped and been shaped by the GATT/WTO committees on antidumping, textiles, agriculture and trade in the environment. The book offers suggestions on how developing countries can improve their participation in committee meetings.
The WTO and Sustainable Development

Author: Gary P. Sampson

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 9789280811155

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

View: 512

This publication examines international trade policy issues and the role of the World Trade Organization in the context of sustainable development objectives. Topics discussed include: institutional efforts at the intergovernmental level over the past 50 years to address environmental management considerations; trade liberalisation and sustainable assessment scenarios, focusing on the fisheries sector; discrimination and WTO rules; WTO Agreements and standards, notably GATT 1994; multilateral environment agreements (MEAs); developments in biotechnology; WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS); the current approach of special and differential treatment for developing countries and the need for development strategies and legal flexibility which reflect the economic diversity of developing countries; the role and functioning of the WTO, global governance and policy coherence.
Trade Law and Global Governance

Author: Steve Charnovitz

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822031548803

Category: Commercial policy

Page: 548

View: 701

"This book addresses the linkages between freer trade and other societal objectives. The chapters are previously published articles on some of the most controversial issues in trade policy today. The topics include: (1) the core concepts of trade linkage, (2) trade and environmental policy, (3) trade, employment, and labour standards, (4) trade and human rights, and (5) the role of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the World Trade Organization (WTO). The main theme of the book is that trade law should not be isolated from other realms of international law. Trade is vital to economic and human development, but trade restrictions are sometimes needed to preseve ecosystems and to achieve other social goals." -- from the Preface.
Trade, Environment, and the Millennium

Author: Gary P. Sampson

Publisher: United Nations Univ

ISBN: UCSD:31822032361941

Category: Political Science

Page: 472

View: 420

This book provides an overview of the key issues for negotiation at the WTO meeting in Qatar and well beyond. The authors are world authorities in their respective areas. Their contributions to the first edition of Trade, Environment and the Millennium have been broadened and deepened in the light of the experience of the failed negotiations in Seattle, and other relevant developments in the WTO over the past two years.
Trade and Environment Governance at the World Trade Organization Committee on Trade and Environment

Author: Manuel Teehankee

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9789403522043

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 151

In the opinion of many, the most crucial issue confronting the world today lies in achieving a sustainable nexus among global trade, economic development, and the environment. This book, written by a prominent diplomat with extensive direct experience in this field, presents a much-needed critical perspective on the conflict of norms among the three policy regimes, focusing on the dilemma of reconciling approaches regarding harmonized global governance and a more diverse community-based approach. It is the first and only in-depth treatment to systematically study a series of deliberations in the World Trade Organization’s Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE), highlighting perspectives taken by both developed and developing economies. The book demonstrates that the CTE’s contributions to the evolving trade and environment policy framework have been, contrary to popular perception, both substantial and relevant. In his review of how the particular characteristics of twenty key work outputs of the CTE impact current practice in trade and environment policy discussions, the author discusses such key issues and topics as the following: a singular harmonized global governance framework versus the centrifugal force of community-based, localized or regional solutions that emphasize diversity and multifaceted institution building; drawbacks and continuing relevance of the CTE Work Agenda; issues related to carbon, intellectual property rights, and services; market access for environmental goods; requirements for environmental purposes relating to products, including standards and technical regulations, packaging, labeling, and recycling; and ways forward for combining global regimes with local solutions in an environmental context. Given the urgent need for making economic policies more coherent with sustainability and environmental goals, and for overcoming the ongoing stalemate between developed and developing countries on this matter, this book is sure to be warmly welcomed by policy makers and negotiators in the areas of both trade and environment, as well as by academics, theorists, and experts in the field of global governance interested in formulating practical approaches to trade and environment governance and minimizing potential policy conflicts.
The World Trading System

Author: Institute for International Economics Staff

Publisher: Peterson Institute

ISBN: 0881322350

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 301

Trade experts from around the world discuss challenges confronting the World Trade Organization (WTO) as it charts its course for the years ahead. The authors offer recommendations to deal with important issues such as investment, competition and antidumping policy, environment and trade, labor standards, and Chinese accession to the WTO. Analysis of the implementation of the Uruguay Round accords, the breadth and scope of remaining barriers to trade that could be the subject of new liberalization efforts, the compatibility or inconsistency of regional and multilateral initiatives, and the political support in major trading countries for new WTO negotiations are also discussed. The overview and conclusions also appear in a separate monograph by Jeffrey J. Schott. Jeffrey J. Schott joined the Peterson Institute for International Economics in 1983 and is a senior fellow working on international trade policy and economic sanctions. During his tenure at the Institute, Schott was also a visiting lecturer at Princeton University (1994) and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University (1986-88). He was a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1982-83) and an official of the US Treasury Department (1974-82) in international trade and energy policy. During the Tokyo Round of multilateral trade negotiations, he was a member of the US delegation that negotiated the GATT Subsidies Code. Since January 2003, he has been a member of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee of the US government. He is also a member of the State Department's Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy.
Transforming World Trade and Investment Law for Sustainable Development

Author: Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192858023

Category: Foreign trade regulation

Page: 369

View: 620

Transforming World Trade and Investment Law for Sustainable Development explains why the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Agenda for "Transforming our World"--aimed at realizing universal human rights and the17 agreed sustainable development goals (SDGs)--requires transforming the UN and WTO legal systems, as well as international investment law and adjudication. UN and WTO law protect regulatory competition between diverse neo-liberal, state-capitalist, European ordo-liberal, and developing countries' conceptions of multilevel trade and investment regulation. However, geopolitical rivalries and trade wars increasingly undermine transnational rule of law and effective regulation of market failures, governance, and constitutional failures. Protecting the WTO legal and dispute settlement system remains essential for SDGs such as climate change mitigation measures and access to medical supplies and vaccines in global health pandemics. Investment law and adjudication must better reconcile governmental duties to protect human rights and decarbonize economies with the property rights of foreign investors. The constitutional, human rights, and environmental litigation in Europe enhances the legal accountability of democratic governments for protecting sustainable development. However, European economic constitutionalism has been rejected by neoliberalism, China's authoritarian state-capitalism, and many developing countries' governments. The more that regional economic orders (like the China-led Belt and Road networks) reveal heterogeneity and power politics block UN and WTO reforms, the more the US-led neoliberal world order risks disintegrating. UN and WTO law must promote private-public network governance and civil society participation in order to stabilize and de-politicize multilevel governance that protects SDGs and global public goods.
The Regulation of International Trade, Volume 2

Author: Petros C. Mavroidis

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262029995

Category: Law

Page: 887

View: 997

A detailed examination of WTO agreements regulating trade in goods, discussing legal context, policy background, economic rationale, and case law. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has extended its institutional arsenal since the Kennedy round in the early 1960s. The current institutional design is the outcome of the Uruguay round and agreements reached in the ongoing Doha round (begun in 2001). One of the institutional outgrowths of GATT is the World Trade Organization (WT0), created in 1995. In this book, Petros Mavroidis offers a detailed examination of WTO agreements regulating trade in goods, discussing legal context, policy background, economic rationale, and case law. Each chapter examines a given legal norm and its subsequent practice. In particular, he discusses agreements dealing with customs clearance; “contingent protection” instruments, which allow WTO members unilaterally to add to the negotiated amount of protection when a certain contingency (for example, dumping) has occurred; TBT (Technical Barriers to Trade) and SPS (Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary Measures) agreements, both of which deal with such domestic instruments as environmental, health policy, or consumer information; the agreement on Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIM); sector-specific agreements on agriculture and textiles; plurilateral agreements (binding a subset of WTO membership) on government procurement and civil aviation; and transparency in trade relations. This book's companion volume examines the GATT regime for international trade.
Rethinking the Global Trading System

Author: Grant Douglas Aldonas

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 9780892065868

Category: Political Science

Page: 106

View: 876

With the global economy slowing, global trade negotiations currently not making sufficient progress, and the emergence of a risk of increased protectionism, the need to demonstrate the importance of trade and the positive contribution it can make to economic growth and global welfare has never been more pressing. Completing an ambitious Doha Development Agenda for the World Trade Organization (WTO) would help restore confidence in markets, as well as represent a powerful statement by members of the world trading system of their commitment to an open global economy.Given the fundamental changes under way in the global economy, however, progress on trade will require a strategy that looks beyond the Doha Round—one that rethinks the ends and means of trade policy in a more globalized world economy. Toward this end, the Government of Sweden organized a conference to elicit fresh thinking on the direction of trade policy in advance of Sweden's assumption of the European Union's presidency in July 2009. The conference, held in Washington on March 25, 2009, had three main objectives: ? assessing what changes in the structure of international trade and investment mean for the conduct of trade policy in globally integrated markets; ? exploring how trade policy and the trading system can best contribute to addressing the broader challenges the global community confronts, specifically to a reduction in global poverty and a response to global warming; and ? determining the appropriate role for the WTO and the trade regime in light of the growing debate over reforming the international economic architecture.
World Trade Organization

Author: A. M. Babkina

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1560727802

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 679

If ever there existed a benign-sounding organisation, it is surely the World Trade Organisation. The WTO is the successor to GATT. According to the WTO itself, its mission is "dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, the legal ground-rules for international commerce and for trade policy. The agreements have three main objectives: to help trade flow as freely as possible; to achieve further liberalisation gradually through negotiation; and to set up an impartial means of settling disputes". This book seeks to illuminate some key issues related to the WTO as well as present a detailed bibliography for future reference.