Transformations in Medieval and Early-Modern Rights Discourse

Author: Virpi Mäkinen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402042116

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 246

Rights language is a fundamental feature of the modern world. Virtually all significant social and political struggles are waged, and have been waged for over a century now, in terms of rights claims. In some ways, it is precisely the birth of modern rights language that ushers in modernity in terms of moral and political thought, and the struggle for a modern way of life seems for many synonymous with the fight for a universal recognition of equal, individual human rights. Where did modern rights language come from? What kinds of rights discourses is it rooted in? What is the specific nature of modern rights discourse; when and where were medieval and ancient notions of rights transformed into it? Can one in fact find any single such transformation of medieval into modern rights discourse? The present volume brings together some of the most central scholars in the history of medieval and early-modern rights discourse. Through the different angles taken by its authors, the volume brings to light the multifaceted nature of rights languages in the medieval and early modern world.
The Hybrid Reformation

Author: Christopher Ocker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108477970

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 429

Studies the thought and actions of the Reformation's central figures - reformers, counter-reformers, and their supporters - in the light of ordinary people.
Conrad Summenhart's Theory of Individual Rights

Author: Jussi Varkemaa

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004216839

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 710

This book aims to provide a detailed and systematic account of Conrad Summenhart’s (1455-1502) language of individual rights. This study analyses Summenhart’s theory in its historical context treating it as a culmination of late medieval discourse on individual rights, particularly useful to those interested in the origin of human rights language, modern political individualism, and late medieval and early modern political and moral philosophy.
Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Author: Henrik Lagerlund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402097287

Category: History

Page: 1448

View: 477

This is the first reference ever devoted to medieval philosophy. It covers all areas of the field from 500-1500 including philosophers, philosophies, key terms and concepts. It also provides analyses of particular theories plus cultural and social contexts.
The Avignon Papacy Contested

Author: Unn Falkeid

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674982888

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 483

Unn Falkeid considers the work of six fourteenth-century writers who waged literary war against the Avignon papacy’s increasing claims of supremacy over secular rulers—a conflict that engaged contemporary critics from every corner of Europe. She illuminates arguments put forth by Dante, Petrarch, William of Ockham, Catherine of Siena, and others.
Probabilismus und Wahrheit

Author: Sebastian Simmert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783658178789

Category: Philosophy

Page: 389

View: 262

Dieses Buch zeigt die ideen- und wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Entwicklung des Wahrscheinlichkeitsbegriffs vom Mittelalter bis zum 20. Jhd. auf. Dabei geht Sebastian Simmert vertieft auf die epistemische Bedeutung der Wahrscheinlichkeit als qualitative Bestimmung von Wissen ein. Hierbei untersucht er die Bedingungen der Möglichkeit quantitativer Wahrscheinlichkeit. Im Zentrum steht die Überlegung, dass die elementare Ebene qualitativer Wahrscheinlichkeiten keine Gleichwahrscheinlichkeiten zulässt. Denn sie baut auf einer zweiwertigen Logik auf. Mit dieser Prämisse werden die Grenzen des durch Wahrscheinlichkeiten Aussagbaren aufgezeigt; unter anderem, dass die Anwendung des Gesetzes der großen Zahl keine empirischen Aussagen rechtfertigt.
The Americas in Early Modern Political Theory

Author: Stephanie B. Martens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137519993

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 905

This book examines early modern social contract theories within European representations of the Americas in the 16th and 17th century. Despite addressing the Americas only marginally, social contract theories transformed American social imaginaries prevalent at the time into Aboriginality, allowing for the emergence of the idea of civilization and the possibility for diverse discourses of Aboriginalism leading to excluding and discriminatory forms of subjectivity, citizenship, and politics. What appears then is a form of Aboriginalism pitting the American/Aboriginal other against the nascent idea of civilization. The legacy of this political construction of difference is essential to contemporary politics in settler societies. The author shows the intellectual processes behind this assignation and its role in modern political theory, still bearing consequences today. The way one conceives of citizenship and sovereignty underlies some of the difficulties settler societies have in accommodating Indigenous claims for recognition and self-government.
Theologians and Contract Law

Author: Wim Decock

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004232846

Category: Law

Page: 744

View: 718

In "Theologians and Contract Law," Wim Decock offers an account of the moral roots of modern contract law. He explains why theologians in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries built a systematic contract law around the principles of freedom and fairness.
Debating Medieval Natural Law

Author: Riccardo Saccenti

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 9780268100438

Category: Law

Page: 144

View: 869

In Debating Medieval Natural Law: A Survey, Riccardo Saccenti examines and evaluates the major lines of interpretation of the medieval concepts of natural rights and natural law within the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and explains how the major historiographical interpretations of ius naturale and lex naturalis have changed. His bibliographical survey analyzes not only the chronological evolution of various interpretations of natural law but also how they differ, in an effort to shed light on the historical debate and on the medieval roots of modern human rights theories. Saccenti critically examines the historical analyses of the major historians of medieval political and legal thought while addressing how to further research on the subject. His perspective interlaces different disciplinary points of view: history of philosophy, as well as history of canon and civil law and history of theology. By focusing on a variety of disciplines, Saccenti creates an opportunity to evaluate each interpretation of medieval lex naturalis in terms of the area it enlightens and within specific cultural contexts. His survey is a basis for future studies concerning this topic and will be of interest to scholars of the history of law and, more generally, of the history of ideas in the twentieth century.